Learn about Methods Storytelling Methods Resources Storytelling Methods

  • Slides: 76
Download presentation
Learn about Methods Storytelling Methods & Resources

Learn about Methods Storytelling Methods & Resources

Storytelling Methods Journaling Digital Storytelling Group Storytelling

Storytelling Methods Journaling Digital Storytelling Group Storytelling

Journaling

Journaling

Journaling Introduction The journaling techniques described in this section can be used with any

Journaling Introduction The journaling techniques described in this section can be used with any journaling type: Paper journals Electronic documents Blogs – private or public (see free blog platforms) ? Last Slide Visited

Journaling Transformative Storytelling Elements Click on the first element of transformative storytelling to see

Journaling Transformative Storytelling Elements Click on the first element of transformative storytelling to see how journaling supports it, or explore any of the four elements: Creating Safety Detaching from the Story Mindful Reflection Transforming the Story ? Last Slide Visited

Creating Safety with Journaling ? Last Slide Visited

Creating Safety with Journaling ? Last Slide Visited

Journaling Common Student Fears “I’m not a good writer” “I’m not sure what I’m

Journaling Common Student Fears “I’m not a good writer” “I’m not sure what I’m expected to do. ” “I feel like I’m not doing this right. ” “I’m worried what the teacher will think about my writing. ” “I’m worried that the teacher will share my journals with others without my permission…that would be so embarrassing. ” “If the teacher disagrees with my opinions, I might get a bad grade. ” ? Last Slide Visited

Journaling Post-Structural Journaling Post-structural journaling can create safety & calm students’ fears. Principles: “…full

Journaling Post-Structural Journaling Post-structural journaling can create safety & calm students’ fears. Principles: “…full meaning and clarity are not possible, ” so students should not feel inadequate if their writing does not reach any profound conclusions. There is no one right way to write. Journaling should be a safe way for students to explore thoughts, ideas and stories. ? Last Slide Visited

Journaling Post-Structural Journaling Provide students with… Writing prompts to help them explore ideas. Make

Journaling Post-Structural Journaling Provide students with… Writing prompts to help them explore ideas. Make any guidelines clear but avoid rigid criteria. ? Last Slide Visited

Journaling Post-Structural Journaling Reassure students that… They are free to write whatever ideas, thoughts

Journaling Post-Structural Journaling Reassure students that… They are free to write whatever ideas, thoughts or stories they wish. They will not be graded based on the content of their journals. Their confidentiality will be protected: they do not have to share their journals with their peers if they don’t want to. ? Last Slide Visited

Journaling Transformative Storytelling Elements Click on the second element of transformative storytelling to see

Journaling Transformative Storytelling Elements Click on the second element of transformative storytelling to see how journaling supports it, or explore any of the four elements: Creating Safety Detaching from the Story Mindful Reflection Transforming the Story ? Last Slide Visited

Detaching from the Story with Journaling ? Last Slide Visited

Detaching from the Story with Journaling ? Last Slide Visited

Journaling Dialogue Journaling Students choose a story, person, prejudice, or object with which to

Journaling Dialogue Journaling Students choose a story, person, prejudice, or object with which to engage in written dialogue (using a writing prompt). The students take on both sides of the dialogue. In the process, students will ideally recognize that they are more than their stories: they are the author of their stories. ? Last Slide Visited

Journaling Transformative Storytelling Elements Click on the third element of transformative storytelling to see

Journaling Transformative Storytelling Elements Click on the third element of transformative storytelling to see how journaling supports it, or explore any of the four elements: Creating Safety Detaching from the Story Mindful Reflection Transforming the Story ? Last Slide Visited

Mindfully Reflecting with Journaling ? Last Slide Visited

Mindfully Reflecting with Journaling ? Last Slide Visited

Journaling Freewriting Exercise Freewriting helps students let go of judging or filtering their thoughts.

Journaling Freewriting Exercise Freewriting helps students let go of judging or filtering their thoughts. Give students a writing prompt, and ask them to write without stopping for a certain amount of time (e. g. , 5 minutes, 10 minutes, etc. ). Remind them to let go of editing and simply write, practicing nonjudgmental observation. ? Last Slide Visited

Journaling Double-Entry Notebook 1. Students use a notebook (or laptop) that can easily be

Journaling Double-Entry Notebook 1. Students use a notebook (or laptop) that can easily be carried anywhere. 2. Given a writing prompt, students record their observations and stories on the left side of their open notebook. 3. On the facing page, students record interpretations, comments, alternative stories, revisions, etc. ? Last Slide Visited

Journaling Double-Entry Notebook Left Page Facing Page ? Last Slide Visited

Journaling Double-Entry Notebook Left Page Facing Page ? Last Slide Visited

Journaling Interviewing Students can view their story from a new perspective by interviewing people

Journaling Interviewing Students can view their story from a new perspective by interviewing people who intersect with their stories: Family members Significant others Teachers Friends Neighbors ? Last Slide Visited

Journaling Transformative Storytelling Elements Click on the fourth element of transformative storytelling to see

Journaling Transformative Storytelling Elements Click on the fourth element of transformative storytelling to see how journaling supports it, or explore any of the four elements: Creating Safety Detaching from the Story Mindful Reflection Transforming the Story ? Last Slide Visited

Transforming the Story with Journaling ? Last Slide Visited

Transforming the Story with Journaling ? Last Slide Visited

Journaling Dialogue Journaling Encourage students to use the right side of the dialogue journal

Journaling Dialogue Journaling Encourage students to use the right side of the dialogue journal to write many different interpretations of their stories. Left Page Facing Page ? Last Slide Visited

Blogging Journaling Students can choose to change their privacy settings and invite others to

Blogging Journaling Students can choose to change their privacy settings and invite others to give feedback on their stories in the form of comments. Peer feedback gives students new perspectives on their stories ? Last Slide Visited

Instructor Feedback Journaling Students sometimes benefit more from receiving thoughtful instructor feedback, as it

Instructor Feedback Journaling Students sometimes benefit more from receiving thoughtful instructor feedback, as it can provide more guidance for further reflection. The Brown Educational Guide to Analysis of Narrative (BEGAN) model was designed to help instructors give high quality feedback to students. ? Last Slide Visited

Journaling BEGAN MODEL Instructors read the student’s entry carefully, without making notes, to gain

Journaling BEGAN MODEL Instructors read the student’s entry carefully, without making notes, to gain an overall impression of the text. Instructors reread the text, noting significant excerpts: student reflections, limiting aspects of stories, etc. Instructors provide feedback, pointing out possible areas for further exploration and reflective questions for the student. Instructors edit and critique their own responses before sending or returning feedback. ? Last Slide Visited

Journaling Revisionary Rhetoric Students often fear and dread revision. They may also view it

Journaling Revisionary Rhetoric Students often fear and dread revision. They may also view it as an obstacle to what they perceive as the “real” goal: a polished assignment. To foster transformation, students need to shift their paradigm on revision: Transformative Revision Handout. ? Last Slide Visited

Digital Storytelling ? Last Slide Visited

Digital Storytelling ? Last Slide Visited

Digital Storytelli ng Introduction Digital stories consist of any combination of images, text, audio

Digital Storytelli ng Introduction Digital stories consist of any combination of images, text, audio recordings and video. A variety of software can be used, including audio recording software, i. Movie, Power. Point and blogs. Digital stories can be shared in person or through online platforms, such as Voice. Thread. ? Last Slide Visited

Digital Storytelli ng Introduction To view examples of digital stories, visit the Center for

Digital Storytelli ng Introduction To view examples of digital stories, visit the Center for Digital Storytelling You. Tube channel: http: //www. youtube. com/user/Center. Of. The. Story ? Last Slide Visited

Digital Storytelli ng Introduction The following resources offer Tutorials on digital storytelling basics, Voice.

Digital Storytelli ng Introduction The following resources offer Tutorials on digital storytelling basics, Voice. Thread i. Movie and a link to a free audio recording software. Resources for gathering media: Basic copyright guidelines Royalty-free music Royalty-free photos ? Last Slide Visited

Digital Storytelli ng Transformative Storytelling Elements Click on the first element of transformative storytelling

Digital Storytelli ng Transformative Storytelling Elements Click on the first element of transformative storytelling to see how digital storytelling supports it, or explore any of the four elements: Creating Safety Detaching from the Story Mindful Reflection Transforming the Story ? Last Slide Visited

Creating Safety with Digital Storytelling ? Last Slide Visited

Creating Safety with Digital Storytelling ? Last Slide Visited

Digital Storytelli ng Sharing Stories Online If students share their digital stories through an

Digital Storytelli ng Sharing Stories Online If students share their digital stories through an online platform, they should be aware of the privacy settings. It’s ideal to share stories in a closed group (only students and faculty are allowed to view the stories). Even in a closed group, students can reproduce, alter or share their peers’ digital stories (e. g. , for the purpose of bullying). Encourage students to practice respect and to preserve each other’s Last confidentiality. Slide ? Visited

Digital Storytelli ng Student Confidentiality Students may wish to exercise further measures to ensure

Digital Storytelli ng Student Confidentiality Students may wish to exercise further measures to ensure their confidentiality. There are multiple ways to do this: Create a false identity (modify identifying features in the digital story such as the student’s name, location, etc. ) Students can use stock images (versus personal images) in their digital stories. Encourage students to be creative in their use of stock images. An image can be used as a metaphor to convey an emotional context and several layers of meaning. ? Last Slide Visited

Digital Storytelli ng Mindful Listening A common fear of students when sharing stories is

Digital Storytelli ng Mindful Listening A common fear of students when sharing stories is receiving judgmental or disrespectful responses from peers. To address this fear, students can agree to practice mindful listening. Students can use the Mindful Listening Handout as a guide. ? Last Slide Visited

Digital Storytelli ng Transformative Storytelling Elements Click on the second element of transformative storytelling

Digital Storytelli ng Transformative Storytelling Elements Click on the second element of transformative storytelling to see how digital storytelling supports it, or explore any of the four elements: Creating Safety Detaching from the Story Mindful Reflection Transforming the Story ? Last Slide Visited

Detaching from the Story with Digital Storytelling ? Last Slide Visited

Detaching from the Story with Digital Storytelling ? Last Slide Visited

Free-Association Digital Storytelli ng Free association can be thought of as a form of

Free-Association Digital Storytelli ng Free association can be thought of as a form of play. It is a non-linear, chaotic process. Instead of choosing media that fit a pre-written story, students explore and experiment with media. The media and the story are written concurrently in a back-and-forth process. Students must let go of control in this process and trust that the story will emerge through their media scavenger hunt. Last ? Slide Visited

Journaling Transformative Storytelling Elements Click on the third element of transformative storytelling to see

Journaling Transformative Storytelling Elements Click on the third element of transformative storytelling to see how digital storytelling supports it, or explore any of the four elements: Creating Safety Detaching from the Story Mindful Reflection Transforming the Story ? Last Slide Visited

Mindfully Reflecting with Digital Storytelling ? Last Slide Visited

Mindfully Reflecting with Digital Storytelling ? Last Slide Visited

Digital Storytelli ng Reflecting on Media The media that students select to tell their

Digital Storytelli ng Reflecting on Media The media that students select to tell their digital stories offer a rich source of reflection as “memory is produced through objects, images, representations. These are technologies of memory, not vessels of memory in which memory passively resides…” ? Last Slide Visited

Voice. Thread Digital Storytelli ng An online platform called Voice. Thread allows students to

Voice. Thread Digital Storytelli ng An online platform called Voice. Thread allows students to collectively reflect on the meaning of their images. ? Last Slide Visited

Voice. Thread Digital Storytelli ng Voice. Thread allows students to share digital stories. Students

Voice. Thread Digital Storytelli ng Voice. Thread allows students to share digital stories. Students can upload a video or use Voice. Thread’s built in recording capabilities to create a narrated slideshow. Students then receive peer feedback in the form of text, audio, webcam or drawing. ? Last Slide Visited

Digital Storytelli ng Voice. Thread Interface Digital Story Comments can be viewed by clicking

Digital Storytelli ng Voice. Thread Interface Digital Story Comments can be viewed by clicking on users Buttons for recording/upl oading comments ? Last Slide Visited

Voice. Thread Digital Storytelli ng Voice. Thread, while not allowing for interactive discussion (students

Voice. Thread Digital Storytelli ng Voice. Thread, while not allowing for interactive discussion (students cannot choose to respond directly to another user’s comment), allows for reflective responses. Students can share either individual images that they would like to reflect on, or share their entire digital story. ? Last Slide Visited

Digital Storytelli ng Playing with Layers of Media Another way students can reflect is

Digital Storytelli ng Playing with Layers of Media Another way students can reflect is by noticing how different layers of media (e. g. , audio narration vs. still images) in their digital stories convey different meanings. As an example, one woman created a digital story about her decision to move away from her mother in China to pursue a life in Canada. “…as she describes to her mother in the voice -over her reasons for wanting to come to Canada we are shown image after image of China, images that seem to stand in contrast to the narrator’s insistence on her journey to what she calls ‘the new world’, ” (Rose, 2009, 216). ? Last Slide Visited

Digital Storytelli ng Playing with Layers of Media Students are often unconscious of the

Digital Storytelli ng Playing with Layers of Media Students are often unconscious of the different stories that they simultaneously tell. One way of making them conscious is by asking them to watch/present their story with one layer of media removed. For instance, ask students to play their digital story with their audio narration muted. Students may be very surprised to discover that their stories are more layered and complex than they were aware! ? Last Slide Visited

Digital Storytelli ng Transformative Storytelling Elements Click on the fourth element of transformative storytelling

Digital Storytelli ng Transformative Storytelling Elements Click on the fourth element of transformative storytelling to see how digital storytelling supports it, or explore any of the four elements: Creating Safety Detaching from the Story Mindful Reflection Transforming the Story ? Last Slide Visited

Transforming the Story with Digital Storytelling ? Last Slide Visited

Transforming the Story with Digital Storytelling ? Last Slide Visited

Digital Storytelli ng Transforming the Story Students often experience insight and new perspective from

Digital Storytelli ng Transforming the Story Students often experience insight and new perspective from the mindful reflection exercises just described (sharing and feedback through Voicethread & layers of media activity). Ask students to create new digital stories based on these insights. The digital form makes them easily accessible for students to access in the future. Encourage them to continually revisit, reflect on and revise their digital stories. ? Last Slide Visited

Wikis ? Last Slide Visited

Wikis ? Last Slide Visited

Introduction Wikis A wiki is a web document (made up of a network of

Introduction Wikis A wiki is a web document (made up of a network of different pages created by its users) that a group of people edit together. Several free wiki programs are geared toward educators. ? Last Slide Visited

Introduction Wikis There are 3 basic functions: Editing – students can create, organize and

Introduction Wikis There are 3 basic functions: Editing – students can create, organize and edit a network of web documents, including pages that a fellow student created. History – students can view the history of all edits for any given page, allowing them to view how their story evolved. Chat – in addition to writing comments on the wiki pages, students can use the live-chat function available in most wikis. ? Last Slide Visited

Introduction Wikis Wiki platforms are intuitive and easy to use. Editing a page is

Introduction Wikis Wiki platforms are intuitive and easy to use. Editing a page is much like working on a word document: ? Last Slide Visited

Introduction Wikis are an ideal place for students to enrich one another’s stories with

Introduction Wikis are an ideal place for students to enrich one another’s stories with multiple possibilities and perspectives: The digital format allows and encourages frequent collaborative story revision. Students can provide each other with a variety of indepth feedback in the form of chat, documents, links or photos. Students have easy access to one another’s stories. ? Last Slide Visited

Wikis Transformative Storytelling Elements Click on the first element of transformative storytelling to see

Wikis Transformative Storytelling Elements Click on the first element of transformative storytelling to see how wikis support it, or explore any of the four elements: Creating Safety Detaching from the Story Mindful Reflection Transforming the Story ? Last Slide Visited

Creating Safety with Wikis ? Last Slide Visited

Creating Safety with Wikis ? Last Slide Visited

Wikis Co-Authoring & Sharing Students will not feel safe if they are disclosing information

Wikis Co-Authoring & Sharing Students will not feel safe if they are disclosing information that is too personal or risky in nature. To address this fear, instructors can remind students that they do not need to share any stories that they do not feel comfortable or safe indisclosing. Students should also attempt to make their peers feel safe by providing supportive statements and constructive feedback. The Guideline for Collaborative Storytelling in Wikis handout outlines sharing and feedback guidelines for students. ? Last Slide Visited

Wikis Transformative Storytelling Elements Click on the second element of transformative storytelling to see

Wikis Transformative Storytelling Elements Click on the second element of transformative storytelling to see how wikis support it, or explore any of the four elements: Creating Safety Detaching from the Story Mindful Reflection Transforming the Story ? Last Slide Visited

Detaching from the Story with Wikis ? Last Slide Visited

Detaching from the Story with Wikis ? Last Slide Visited

Wikis Receiving Feedback As students write their stories, they will likely think about how

Wikis Receiving Feedback As students write their stories, they will likely think about how their story will be received by their peers. This can serve as a source of anxiety or an opportunity for reflection. The “receiving feedback” section of the Guideline for Collaborative Storytelling in Wikis helps students turn fearful thoughts (e. g. , “I wonder if my peers will judge my story if they see it from ‘x’ perspective”) into prompts for personal reflection (e. g. , I wonder if my peers will see my story from ‘x’ perspective…I wonder what my story would look like from here…”). ? Last Slide Visited

Wikis Transformative Storytelling Elements Click on the third element of transformative storytelling to see

Wikis Transformative Storytelling Elements Click on the third element of transformative storytelling to see how wikis support it, or explore any of the four elements: Creating Safety Detaching from the Story Mindful Reflection Transforming the Story ? Last Slide Visited

Mindfully Reflecting with Wikis ? Last Slide Visited

Mindfully Reflecting with Wikis ? Last Slide Visited

Wikis Peer Prompts In wikis, a major source of reflection comes from peers’ feedback.

Wikis Peer Prompts In wikis, a major source of reflection comes from peers’ feedback. The Guideline for Collaborative Storytelling in Wikis handout will help students formulate reflective questions for one another. ? Last Slide Visited

Wikis Transformative Storytelling Elements Click on the fourth element of transformative storytelling to see

Wikis Transformative Storytelling Elements Click on the fourth element of transformative storytelling to see how wikis support it, or explore any of the four elements: Creating Safety Detaching from the Story Mindful Reflection Transforming the Story ? Last Slide Visited

Transforming the Story with Wikis ? Last Slide Visited

Transforming the Story with Wikis ? Last Slide Visited

Wikis Instructor Prompts As a facilitator, you can also encourage reflection by asking questions

Wikis Instructor Prompts As a facilitator, you can also encourage reflection by asking questions that make students aware of the temporal quality of their stories: that they take place on the plane of time and are therefore changeable. Examples of temporality questions: When did you first develop your story, and how has it shaped your past? How has your story shaped your present? How might your story change in the future? ? Last Slide Visited

Wikis Peer Prompts The Guideline for Collaborative Storytelling in Wikis handout encourages students to

Wikis Peer Prompts The Guideline for Collaborative Storytelling in Wikis handout encourages students to prompt one another to see their story in a new light. As a facilitator, you can assign students to use these prompts as inspiration for a new draft or reflection on their story. Or, you can let students decide which feedback they would like to respond to. ? Last Slide Visited

Wikis Encouraging Agency Ideally, students should gain a sense of agency through group storytelling

Wikis Encouraging Agency Ideally, students should gain a sense of agency through group storytelling in the wiki. As facilitator, you can help guide students by helping them see that they are the author of their stories, and that there are many different ways of looking at their stories. ? Last Slide Visited

Body Scan ? Last Slide Visited

Body Scan ? Last Slide Visited

Writing Prompts Reflection: http: //www. hpregional. org/departments/eng lish/mhassenplug/100%20 topics. html Defining moments in one’s

Writing Prompts Reflection: http: //www. hpregional. org/departments/eng lish/mhassenplug/100%20 topics. html Defining moments in one’s life: //www. tengrrl. com/tens/019. shtml. Creative prompts for revision: http: //www. philawordshop. com/onebook. html Creative revision: http: //www. philawordshop. com/onebook. html Revision http: //www. scu. edu/ethics/publications/cblp/overall/cu rriculum_materials/Revision_Prompts. pdf ? Last Slide Visited

Journaling Blogging Programs For this year’s top 10 blogging programs and side-byside comparisons, visit

Journaling Blogging Programs For this year’s top 10 blogging programs and side-byside comparisons, visit the Tech Media Network: http: //blog-software-review. toptenreviews. com/ The following are open-source and quality blog programs: Wordpress: http: //wordpress. org/ Typepad: http: //www. typepad. com/ Blogger: https: //accounts. google. com/Service. Login? service=blogger &passive=1209600&continue=http: //www. blogger. com/hom e&followup=http: //www. blogger. com/home&ltmpl=start#s 01 ? Last Slide Visited

Tutorials & Tools Digital Storytelli ng This website, from the Graduate School of Library

Tutorials & Tools Digital Storytelli ng This website, from the Graduate School of Library and Information Science University of Illinois provides an introductory guide to the basics of storytelling: http: //courseweb. lis. illinois. edu/~jevogel 2/lis 506/howto. ht ml Voice. Thread Basics: http: //webinars. voicethread. com/about/features/ The following tutorial on how to create a simple digital story using still pictures in i. Movie may also prove a useful starting point for students: http: //courseweb. lis. illinois. edu/~jevogel 2/lis 506/howto. ht ml Students may wish to take advantage of free audio Last recording software, called Audacity: Slide http: //audacity. sourceforge. net/ Visited ?

Digital Storytelli ng Resources for Gathering Media Basic copyright guidelines: http: //www. thecopyrightsite. org/faq.

Digital Storytelli ng Resources for Gathering Media Basic copyright guidelines: http: //www. thecopyrightsite. org/faq. html Royalty-free music: Multiple sources: http: //www. royaltyfreemusic. com/free-musicresources. html MP 3’s: www. mp 3. com/top-downloads/ Royalty free photos Flickr Creative Commons: www. flickr. com/creativecommons morgue. File: www. morguefile. com/ ? Last Slide Visited

Wikis Resources: Wiki Platforms Wikis are also very intuitive to learn, use and set

Wikis Resources: Wiki Platforms Wikis are also very intuitive to learn, use and set up. There are several free wiki platforms on the web that are geared toward educators (downloading software is not necessary). These wiki platforms provide guides to getting started and managing the wikis. The most popular are listed first: Pbworks: http: //pbworks. com/pbworks-basic-edition Wikispaces: http: //www. wikispaces. com/content/teacher Wiki. Matrix: http: //www. wikimatrix. org/ Wetpaint: http: //wikisineducation. wetpaint. com/ Last Slide Springnote: http: //www. springnote. com/en ? Visited

Visit Transformative Storytelling Resource Guide Storytelling Methods & Resources

Visit Transformative Storytelling Resource Guide Storytelling Methods & Resources