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Launching the New Nation George Washington becomes the first president. President Thomas Jefferson doubles U. S. territory with the Louisiana Purchase. The U. S. fights the British in the War of 1812. George Washington. Portrait (1796), Gilbert Stuart. NEXT
SECTION 1 Washington Heads the New Government Washington Shapes the Executive Branch • Washington elected 1 st. pres. of U. S. in 1789 • Congress creates State, War, Treasury Departments • Alexander Hamilton becomes Secretary of treasury • Washington adds attorney general; these Department heads are known as his Cabinet Hamilton proposes Bank of the United States: - funded by government, private investors - issue paper money, handle taxes To win Southern support for his banking plan, proposes moving Govt from North to South (DC) in 1800. Image NEXT
SECTION 1 The First Political Parties and Rebellion Federalists and Democratic-Republicans • Split in Washington’s cabinet leads to first U. S. political parties: - Jefferson’s allies: Democratic-Republicans - Hamilton’s allies: Federalists • Two-party system established as two major parties compete for power * *****The formation of political parties can be traced to the different philosophies and viewpoints of: Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson Continued. . . NEXT
Washington ‘s Presidency: Reactions to the French Revolution of 1789: • Federalists pro-British; Democratic-Republicans pro-French • Washington declares neutrality, will not support either side Washington serves 2 terms in office as the first U. S. president, from 1789 to 1797. Washington's problems included 1. handling finances, 2. building the new government 3. treaties with the Indians. He accomplishes all three. Dies in 1799 Continued. . . NEXT
The Next US President : John Adams, Serves from 1797 to 1801 Major event of his presidency • 1. Signed controversial 1789 Alien and Sedition Acts • : Consisted of a. NO criticism of US govt allowed by press or citizens (put in prison if you did!) (Sedition part) b. New legal Immigrants couldn’t vote until they lived here for 14 years…. (Alien part) • *****DEMOCRATIC REPUBLICANS Were OUTRAGED by these Acts saying they Violated Free Speech! NEXT
VLA Reviews with die roll details: Washington Bio: https: //www. youtube. com/wat ch? v=M-Ecy. Nz 9 v. CE Washington really the first president? https: //www. youtube. com/wat ch? v=Sdisw. IT 4 xn 8 John Adams presidency: https: //www. youtube. com/wat ch? v=sa-5 E 1 Ss. En. U
Final Review/Prediction Activity: Create 5 questions with answers (with answers) that you think are the Most IMPORTANT things to know from this section.
Section 2 Jefferson Alters the Nation’s Course The United States expands its borders during Thomas Jefferson’s administration. Warm u. P: 5 min: Brain storm in groups or go Han Solo: How many things can you list about Thomas Jefferson? After sharing time: Vla warmup with Added double die roll details: https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=u. At 1 YLP 3 T 34 NEXT
Jefferson Alters the Nation’s Course Jefferson Wins Presidential Election of 1800 Presidential Campaign of 1800 • Bitter campaign between Adams and Jefferson; wild charges hurled Jefferson wins after a Tie vote with Aaron Burr is resolved…. . Burr becomes his VP! 12 TH Amendment passed to fix this… (Hamilton helped Jefferson win: brings his Federalists to support Jefferson…this leads to a pistol duel with Burr later!) NEXT
The Burr–Hamilton duel was fought between prominent American politicians Aaron Burr, the sitting Vice President of the United States, and Alexander Hamilton, the former Secretary of the Treasury, at Weehawken, New Jersey on July 11, 1804. 
Southern Dominance of Politics • Jefferson first to take office in newly built Washington, D. C. • South dominates politics; Northern, Federalist influence decline • He is 3 rd president of US. Serves from March 4 th 1801 to March 4 th 1809
The Jefferson Presidency Key events: 1803 Marbury v. Madison • 1. Marbury v. Madison—William Marbury sues to have papers delivered - Judiciary Act of 1789 requires a Supreme Court order - Supreme Court Justice Marshall: rules requirement unconstitutional • 2. Judicial review—because of this case : The Supreme Court is NOW able to declare laws unconstitutional NEXT
The United States Expands West 2. Westward Migration • From 1800– 1810, Ohio population grows from 45, 000 to 231, 000 • Most settlers use Cumberland Gap to reach Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee • In 1775, Daniel Boone leads clearing of Wilderness Road Map Continued. . . NEXT
SECTION 3 continued The United States Expands West 3. The Louisiana Purchase of 1803 • Louisiana returned to France; Jefferson fears strong French presence • Jefferson buys Louisiana Territory for $15 million from Napoleon - doubts he has constitutional authority • Louisiana Purchase doubles size of US. Map NEXT
The purchase is significant because it doubles the U. S. We buy 827, 000 square miles!
4. Lewis and Clark expedition: Jefferson appoints Lewis and Clark to lead Corps of Discovery: - explore new territory, find route to Pacific - gather information about people, plants animals • Native American woman, Sacajawea, serves as interpreter, guide •
Vlas: Louisiana Purchase: https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=4 m. HMGQE 0 Ns. U Lewis and Clarke: https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=N B 1 GQRVG 9 Fc Hamilton Burr Duel: https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=c m. DDt. Wzb. Eh 8 https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=M zh. Ju 7 kk 69 w
Wrap Up on Jefferson: Pictionary Challenge! Draw a quick sketch of a KEY fact/event you learned about Jefferson today…. don’t use any words…we shall guess!
Section 3 The War of 1812 War breaks out again between the United States and Britain in 1812. NEXT
– Journal warmup! Clever Title, Name and Date – Use your own Lined paper: Question 1: Is ANY building in the USA worth defending to the death? (Should soldiers possibly DIE defending and empty structure say for instance the White House? How about a NUCLEAR POWER PLANT next to your neighborhood? Why or why Not? Question 2: What would your policy be if you were president? : If we get in a War with another country should we ever be friendly with them or trust them again? Have we ever forgiven a country we fought with in history?
Details? Clever headline?
N The War of 1812 Madison elected 4 th US President from 1809 to 1817 British and French at war in 1800 -1815 • British blockade or seal French ports to prevent US Merchant ships from entering • Britain& France seize American ships, confiscate cargoes Grievances Against Britain • Impressment—seizing Americans, drafting them into British navy • Chesapeake incident further angers Americans • Jefferson convinces Congress to declare embargo in 1807, or ban on exports • Embargo, meant to hurt Europe, REALLY hurts U. S. trade - Congress lifts it, except with Britain, France Chart Continued. . . NEXT
continued The War Hawks Demand War Tecumseh’s Confederacy • William Henry Harrison makes land deal w/ Native American chiefs • Shawnee chief Tecumseh tries to form Native American confederacy against American deal: - tells people to return to traditional beliefs, practices - gets British help; many tribes don’t join The War Hawks • Harrison defeats Tecumseh Battle of Tippecanoe (Against Tecumseh in present day Indiana) but suffers heavy losses • War hawks—want war with Britain because natives use British weapons ****NEW ENGLANDERS only large group in US to OPPOSE the idea of WAR with Britain …. . Image NEXT
The War Brings Mixed Results The War in Canada • Madison chooses war, thinks Britain is crippling U. S. trade, economy • U. S. army unprepared; early British victories in Detroit, Montreal • Oliver Hazard Perry defeats British on Lake Erie; U. S. wins battles • Native Americans fight on both sides; Tecumseh killed in battle Map The War at Sea • U. S. navy only 16 ships; 3 frigates sail alone, score victories • British blockade U. S. ports along east coast Continued. . . NEXT
continued The War Brings Mixed Results British Burn the White House • By 1814, British raid, burn towns along Atlantic coast • British burn Washington D. C. in retaliation for York, Canada The Battle of New Orleans • General Andrew Jackson fights Native Americans, gains national fame • In 1815, American defeat superior British force at Battle of New Orleans Image Continued. . . NEXT
SECTION 4 continued The War Brings Mixed Results The Treaty of Ghent • Treaty of Ghent, peace agreement signed Christmas 1814 • Declares armistice or end to fighting; does not resolve all issues • 1815, commercial treaty reopens trade between Britain and U. S. • Vlas: Crash Course: https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=q. MXqg 2 PKJZU https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=m 5 E 2 y 1 -m 898 Battle of Baltimore https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=Cn. RQ 8 MMX 28 NEXT
Wrap UP Vlas Hamilton Burr Duel https: //www. youtube. com/ watch? v=cm. DDt. Wzb. Eh 8 https: //www. youtube. com/ watch? v=Mzh. Ju 7 kk 69 w
Wrap Up: Counts as In class Response questions grade Option 1: Imagine you are the teacher! Use your chapter 6 Notes and create 10 good Multiple choice questions or fill in the blank questions on KEY Facts you would ask from Chapter 6 as if YOU were the EVIL teacher! …(be sure to Create an Answer Key on a Separate PAPER) Include your name on both Option 2 : Draw a TIME CAPSULE AND PLACE WITHIN IT A list of 20 Facts (people, events, places or things you would include in a Time capsule which would encapsulate (get it? ) Key things that happened with our first 4 presidents of the USA….
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