LATIN AMERICAN REVOLUTIONS Mr Johnson World History II

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LATIN AMERICAN REVOLUTIONS Mr. Johnson World History II

LATIN AMERICAN REVOLUTIONS Mr. Johnson World History II

Latin America

Latin America

Enlightened Revolutions Begin

Enlightened Revolutions Begin

Glorious Revolution

Glorious Revolution

American Revolution

American Revolution

Impact of the American Revolution Declaration of Independence Social contract & consent of the

Impact of the American Revolution Declaration of Independence Social contract & consent of the governed Life, liberty & pursuit of happiness Equality

French Revolution

French Revolution

Impact of the French Revolution Declaration of the Rights of Man Liberty, equality, brotherhood

Impact of the French Revolution Declaration of the Rights of Man Liberty, equality, brotherhood Overthrow of monarchy Weakening of church power Revolutionary upheaval weakened France’s grip on its colonies

Haitian Revolution

Haitian Revolution

“Hispaniola”

“Hispaniola”

Spanish Enslavement of Tainos

Spanish Enslavement of Tainos

French Colony of Saint. Domingue

French Colony of Saint. Domingue

Free People of Color

Free People of Color

Slavery in Haiti

Slavery in Haiti

Slavery vs. French Revolutionary Ideals

Slavery vs. French Revolutionary Ideals

Toussaint L’Ouverture Former slave Leader of Haitian slave revolt Abolished slavery in Haiti Defeated

Toussaint L’Ouverture Former slave Leader of Haitian slave revolt Abolished slavery in Haiti Defeated French, Spanish & British armies Won Haitian independence from France

L’Ouverture vs. Napoleon

L’Ouverture vs. Napoleon

Emancipated Slaves as Soldiers

Emancipated Slaves as Soldiers

Haitians Win Independence

Haitians Win Independence

Haitian Revolution’s Impact on U. S.

Haitian Revolution’s Impact on U. S.

Brazilian Independence

Brazilian Independence

Portuguese Colony

Portuguese Colony

Constitutionalist Unrest

Constitutionalist Unrest

Pedro Leads a Bloodless Revolution

Pedro Leads a Bloodless Revolution

Coronation of Pedro I

Coronation of Pedro I

Mexican War for Independence

Mexican War for Independence

Spanish Colony

Spanish Colony

Father Miguel Hidalgo Rural Catholic priest Began the movement of Mexican independence from Spain

Father Miguel Hidalgo Rural Catholic priest Began the movement of Mexican independence from Spain Hidalgo was betrayed and executed, but Mexico gained independence from Spain in 1821

Dolores Hidalgo Church

Dolores Hidalgo Church

“Grito de Dolores”

“Grito de Dolores”

Spanish South America

Spanish South America

Spanish Colony

Spanish Colony

Simon Bolivar Native resident (creole) who led revolutionary efforts Liberated the northern areas of

Simon Bolivar Native resident (creole) who led revolutionary efforts Liberated the northern areas of South America from Spanish control Venezuela � Columbia � Panama � Ecuador � Peru �

Losses, Exiles & Victories

Losses, Exiles & Victories

“Gran Colombia” Colombia Ecuador Venezuela

“Gran Colombia” Colombia Ecuador Venezuela

Legacy of the Revolutions

Legacy of the Revolutions

Legacy of Latin American Revolutions Independence from European rule Abolition of slavery Representative government?

Legacy of Latin American Revolutions Independence from European rule Abolition of slavery Representative government? … …often replaced by caudillos (strongmen)

Independence from European Rule Spanish Imperial flag

Independence from European Rule Spanish Imperial flag

Abolition of Slavery

Abolition of Slavery

Representative Government?

Representative Government?

Caudillos (Strongmen)

Caudillos (Strongmen)