- Slides: 12
Latin American Independence: Brazil Julianna Mc. Donald
Welcome to Brazil
Latin American Independence Country ● Brazil is the name of the country. ● Brazil gained independence on September 7, 1822. ● It gained independence from Portugal (located in Europe, west of Spain), with the help of independence leader, Prince Dom Pedro. ● Its colonial period lasted about 322 years. ● During that time, Brazil’s name used to be Ilha de Vera Cruz, which mean ‘Island of the True Cross. ”
The colors of Brazil’s flag are yellow rhombus on dark green field (represents the dynastic houses of Pedro I and his consort), blue and white (represents the union’s federal units). Each of the 27 stars represent each one of the Brazilian states. The motto on the flag means “Order and Progress. ” Brazil’s Flag
Latin America Country: Brazil ● The creator of Brazil’s National Flag is Raimundo Teixeira Mendes, with the help of Miguel Lemos, Manuel Pereira Reis and Decio Villares. ● Currently, Brazil has a federal presidential constitutional republic government. They also have three branches of government like the United States of America. ● Portuguese is the official language of Brazil. ● Roman Catholic is the official religion.
Roman Catholic Cathedral in Brazil This is a picture of Raimundo Mendes.
Where and What Is Located In Brazil? ● Brazil is located in South America. ● South of Guyana, Venezuela, Suriname and French Guiana; East of Peru, Colombia and Bolivia; North of Paraguay, Argentina and Uruguay; and West of the Atlantic Ocean. ● The 5 primary geographic areas are the Guiana Highlands, Brazilian Highlands, Amazon River Basin, Pantanal Wetlands and Southern Highlands.
Civilization in Brazil ● A few pre-European /pre● Ancient civilization beliefs included Columbian native that there was a heaven, an invisible civilizations are Chibcha, and underworld. Valdivia, Aymara, Chavín, ● They believed that, for their rituals Moche, Quechuas, and ceremonies, the jungle had the Cambeba & the Inca necessary resources. Empire. ● They also believed that the great beyond and coexisting Gods and ancestor lived in the daily life on the earth. ● Mud, wood, fruit peels and fibers were produced during this time.
Latin American Country: Brazil ● Brazil’s capital is Brasilia. ● The capital used to be Rio de Janeiro for having many useful resources. ● Jose Bonifacio conceived the plan for a new city called Brasilia. ● Pre-Columbian there were many cave paintings. Afterwards there was are like Baroque, actual paintings (effects of sunlight) and modern art exhibitions and concerts.
Latin American Country: Brazil ● A couple of Brazil’s major exports are iron ore, crude oil, soybeans, sugar, meat/poultry, and animal waste. ● Brazil does well with agriculture, manufacturing, mining and service sectors. ● Its climates often depends because of the equator but it various from tropical to temperate zones. ● Due to the fact that the rainforest cover 40% of the country, there are many indigenous and rare as well as common animals and plants in Brazil. ● Examples: carnivorous plants and dif. types of frogs/snakes, insects, mammals (jaguar) and aquatic life.
Politics and Population in Brazil ● Brazil’s current population consists of about 43% mixed, 7% black, 1% indigenous, and 49% white. ● Some political allies include: Estonia, Sweden, Germany, The Netherlands (Norway), Austria and they don’t really have any enemies. ● A couple economic allies are: Chia, Uruguay, Argentina and many more.