Land Cover Data at EEA CORINE Land Cover

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Land Cover Data at EEA CORINE Land Cover Soil Sealing Layer Urban Atlas Markus

Land Cover Data at EEA CORINE Land Cover Soil Sealing Layer Urban Atlas Markus Erhard European Environment Agency (EEA) markus. [email protected] europa. eu

Why Land Cover Monitoring • Multi-functionality of land – link to other sectors urban

Why Land Cover Monitoring • Multi-functionality of land – link to other sectors urban and landscape planning, water, soil, biodiversity, climate change, air quality, natural hazards etc. • Monitoring, assessment and reporting (continuous observation of environmental changes over space and time) indicators, reporting obligations etc. • Decision support, policy effectiveness need for action

… and mapping Environmental change vs. technical progress Hand made maps CLC 1990 First

… and mapping Environmental change vs. technical progress Hand made maps CLC 1990 First GIS electronic mapping CLC 2000 2006 Web-based Informatio n systems CLC 2012 +

CORINE Land Cover (CLC) reference years: 1990 / 2006 / 2012 image resolution: 10

CORINE Land Cover (CLC) reference years: 1990 / 2006 / 2012 image resolution: 10 x 10 m – 30 x 30 m MMU (Minimum Mapping Unit) 25 ha (5 ha change detection) land cover classes / accounts http: //www. eea. europa. eu/publications/COR 0 -landcover http: //www. eea. europa. eu/data-and-maps/indicators/data/corineland-cover-2000 -2006

CLC 2006 Germany and Berlin (aggregated maps)

CLC 2006 Germany and Berlin (aggregated maps)

High Resolution Layer (HRL) soil sealing / imperviousness reference years 2006 / 2009 /

High Resolution Layer (HRL) soil sealing / imperviousness reference years 2006 / 2009 / 2012 image resolution 20 x 20 m MMU (Minimum Mapping Unit) 1 ha sealing and density (0 – 100 %) http: //www. eea. europa. eu/data-and-maps/data/eea-fast-track-service-precursor-onland-monitoring-degree-of-soil-sealing-100 m-1

Continental Component CLC 2012 + 5 High Resolution Layers (HRLs) 20 x 20 m

Continental Component CLC 2012 + 5 High Resolution Layers (HRLs) 20 x 20 m resolution for validated 100 x 100 m (1 ha) grid cells 1. artificial surfaces: imperviousness layer (0100%) (former soil sealing) 2. forest areas: foliage type (coniferous, deciduous, mixed) and crown coverage (0100%) 3. agricultural areas: mapping of permanent grassland 4. wetlands: mapping of wetness 5. water surfaces: small water bodies complementary to WFD and reference data

Example from Germany (Berlin) Berlin 2009 2006 Courtesy: Geoland-2

Example from Germany (Berlin) Berlin 2009 2006 Courtesy: Geoland-2

Statistics • Changes in imperviousness in Europe: Sealed area Increase of sealed in %

Statistics • Changes in imperviousness in Europe: Sealed area Increase of sealed in % of area 2009 total country towards area sealed area 2006 in % per km² per country Courtesy: Geoland-2

Urban Atlas (DG Regio) reference years 2006 / 2012 image resolution (2006) 2. 5

Urban Atlas (DG Regio) reference years 2006 / 2012 image resolution (2006) 2. 5 x 2. 5 m MMU (Minimum Mapping Unit) 0. 25 ha major cities (> 100. 000 pop. ) currently ca. 120 cities (> 300 cities envisaged) http: //www. eea. europa. eu/data-and-maps/data/urban-atlas

Urban Atlas Berlin (Germany) http: //dataservice. eea. europa. eu/map/Urban. Atlas. Beta/

Urban Atlas Berlin (Germany) http: //dataservice. eea. europa. eu/map/Urban. Atlas. Beta/

From Mapping to Accounting 2000 1990 Change Matrix (44 x 43=1932 possible changes) summarized

From Mapping to Accounting 2000 1990 Change Matrix (44 x 43=1932 possible changes) summarized into flows LCF 8 LCF 5 LCF 1 LCF 6 LCF 4 LCF 2 LCF 3 LCF 7 LCF 9 http: //www. eea. europa. eu/themes/landuse/interactive/land-ecosystem-accounting-leac

Integrating Linear Features Belgium - soils sealing, CLC, roads CLC class 122 Soil sealing

Integrating Linear Features Belgium - soils sealing, CLC, roads CLC class 122 Soil sealing + Tele. Atlas roads CLC class 1 + Tele. Atlas roads

Towards operational land cover monitoring (GIO Land 2011 -2013) Photo: ESA http: //www. gmes.

Towards operational land cover monitoring (GIO Land 2011 -2013) Photo: ESA http: //www. gmes. info/

GIO Land Services 3 components: 1. Local : zooming on ‘hot spot’ (e. g.

GIO Land Services 3 components: 1. Local : zooming on ‘hot spot’ (e. g. urban atlas, protected areas, coastal areas) 2. Continental: pan. European products (Corine 2012, 5 HRLs soil sealing, forest, agriculture, wetland, water) 3. Global: bio-physical parameters (Essential Climate Variables (ECVs), food security (Africa) etc. ) Local component – Urban Atlas EU component - CLC Global component – ECV*s

Thanks for your attention! http: //www. eea. europa. eu markus. erhard@eea. europa. eu

Thanks for your attention! http: //www. eea. europa. eu markus. [email protected] europa. eu