- Slides: 32
Knowledge Who is this?
Do Now Task Write down five things you think would make a good king / queen 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Challenge) What is your most important reason and why?
Knowledge Authority = the power or right to give orders and have obedience Heir = the person who is next in line for the throne (only from 2011 could a first-born girl inherit the throne over younger brothers) Legacy = how people remember someone (the ‘story’ they left behind) Monarch = gender neutral word for a king or queen Nobles = the rich and powerful people (only the monarch is more powerful)
Knowledge Problems ?
Knowledge Harold Godwinson (1066) • The English chose me to be king • I defeated the Vikings in battle BUT died in my next battle • A new family took over the monarchy • The Church had become
Knowledge William I (William the conqueror) (1066 -1087) • Took over England with the battle of Hastings in 1066 • Not English! Defeated the last English king at Hastings. Had to be very cruel to the English • Son became king after • Made the Church better
Knowledge Henry II (1154 -1189) • I had my best friend murdered. I was whipped in public to ask God forgiveness • I held my land from fighters • My son became king after my death • I had my friend killed because we argued about the church
Knowledge John (1199 -1216) • The nobles hated me. I was forced to sign the ‘Magna Carta’ • The nobles forced me to do things as I couldn’t defeat them • My son became king • I argued with the church
Knowledge Edward III (1327 -1377) • I am remembered as a successful ruler • After my father left England in a mess, I made the country one of the most powerful in Europe • My grandson became king • I was king during the black death
Knowledge Henry V (1413 -1422) • Plays have been written about me • I won one of England’s most famous battles, Agincourt • My son became king • Nothing major with religion
Knowledge Richard III (1483 -1485) • For centuries, I was seen as a bad king. BUT when they found my body in 2012, lots of people were excited • I was defeated in battle by a distant relative of the royal family, Henry VII • A different royal house came after me • ----------------
Knowledge Henry VII (1485 -1509) • Some see me as cruel and greedy. Others see me as the king who made England strong again • I beat Richard III at the battle of Bosworth • My son (Henry VIII) became king • I married Elizabeth of York (from Richard III’s side of the Royal family, to unite England
Knowledge Henry VIII (1509 -1547) • Some say I made the monarchy powerful. Others say I made it TOO powerful and was a bully • I spent all my dad’s money on parties and war with the French. I defeated rebels in England • I married 6 times to ensure I had a male heir. My son was ill and died aged 15. • I had such a big argument with the church, that I made my own religion in England put myself in charge
Knowledge Mary I (1553 -1558) • I am the daughter of Henry VIII’s first wife. I married a Spanish prince which scared the English (people said my husband was too powerful) • No major battles • I had no children to become king or queen • I tried to undo what my dad Henry VIII did with religion. I burned 300 people who followed England’s new religion
Knowledge Elizabeth I (1558 -1603) • Daughter of Henry VIII’s 2 nd wife. My time as queen was known as ‘England’s golden age’ • Stopped the Spanish from invading England with their ships • I refused to marry and had no children • I tried to please all types of Christians in England
Knowledge James I (1603 -1625) • I was king of Scotland England (though Guy Fawkes tried to blow up parliament!) • No major wars • My son became king • People still arguing over Christianity in England. I made a new version of the Bible as I was very religious
Knowledge Charles I (1625 -1649) • There was an English Civil War because half the country hated me! • I lost the Civil War (and my head) • My son became king BUT this was after England was ruled by a republic after my execution • I said God gave me the power to do whatever I wanted (this made people angry)
Knowledge Oliver Cromwell (1649 -1660) NOT A KING • I was very popular amongst king Charles I’s enemies; they made me the leader in the Civil War. BUT I then ruled like a harsh king • I won the Civil War with a new, well trained army • I tried to make my son king BUT England chose Charles I’s son • I was very fair to people who followed MY religious rules
Knowledge Charles II (1660 -1685) • England asked for a king again after Cromwell was so boring. Nobles loved my parties • No major battles. But there was the great fire of London • My Brother, James II became king • After all the problems of different types of Christianity after Henry VIII, I handled things well with all types
Date Your task: balloon debate .
Battle of Hastings: • You have a bigger army • You have sailed from Normandy (now north France) • The enemy (Harold Godwinson) is on top of a high hill • The enemy are all on foot in
If most of your points went on horses, well done! When the English left their hill, the horses destroyed Harold’s army
Battle of Agincourt • You are massively outnumbered 7, 000 to 15, 000 • Your army is tired and stuck in France • You are fighting near dense woods. It is very muddy!
If you picked mostly archers, well done! Henry V’s army was 80% archers! French knights and horses were stuck in the mud. English archers could fire very safely Henry V’s army only lost around 500 men. 6, 000 died in the
The Spanish Armada 1588 • You have slightly more ships than the invading Spanish • Their ships are very powerful at close range • England has never faced a threat like this
If you picked ships with big cannons AND fire ships, well done! The Spanish ships were strong in a curved shape. The bigger English cannons broke up this shape, and the fire ships were used in a surprise attack
The English Civil War Parliament and the south of England have declared war against you Traders don’t like you because you have taxed them unfairly Your northern army has more horses
Get the support of rich families and the nobles --- This was good at first, but they ran out of money Pay for soldiers from Scotland --- Less loyal if not your own army. Scotland then swapped sides Charles I didn’t take London when he had the chance His army had better horses, but Cromwell’s
Describe . I s…. a l u f wer o p s …. a se…. . u beca his t k thin …. . Se n think sible with … this beca …, like … use…. I. …. as thin reckless k th is be as…. I caus e…. Draw the outline of a person and write the characteristics your ideal monarch would have: Independent / Cruel / Mighty / Popular / Feared / Loved / Headstrong
Exit Ticket 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Which monarch won the battle of Agincourt? Henry V / William I / Elizabeth I How long was Elizabeth I Queen for? 12 years / 64 years / 45 years William I was Duke of : France / Normandy / England What did John’s nobles force him to sign? M_ _ C_ _ _ In one sentence, explain how Charles I died: 6. Henry VIII had ____ wives CHALLENGE: Pick 2 monarchs. Explain which one you think was a better ruler of England why