Kitchen Measurement A key to successful cooking
Abbreviations n Tablespoons n n T tb Tbsp / tbsp Teaspoons n n n t ts tsp
Abbreviations n Cup n n n Square n n oz. Fluid Ounce n n Sq Ounce n n C c fl. oz. Pound n n Lb #
Abbreviations n Gallon n n Quart n n gal. qt. Pint n pt.
Abbreviations n Large n n Medium n n wt. Package n n med. Weight n n lg. pkg. Hour n hr.
Equivalencies n n 3 t=1 T 2 T = 1 oz. 4 T = ¼ cup 5 1/3 T = 1/3 cup n n 5 T + 1 t = 1/3 c 10 2/3 T = 2/3 cup n 10 T + 2 t = 2/3 c How many T = 1 cup?
Equivalencies n 1 gal. = 4 qt. n 1 qt. = 2 pt. n 1 pt. = 2 c. n 1 c. = 8 oz.
Equivalencies – fluid ounces For Liquids: n 1 c = 8 oz. n 1 pt = 2 c = 16 oz. n 1 qt = 2 pt = 4 c = 32 oz. n ½ gal = 2 qt = 4 pt = 8 c =64 oz. Figure it out! n 1 gal = __ qt = __ pt = __ c = __ oz
Equivalencies - pounds n 1 lb = 16 oz. n 1 lb butter=2 cups = 4 sticks How much is in one stick?
Measuring ingredients There are two kinds of measuring: n Dry measuring n Liquid measuring They each have their own types of equipment and techniques to use. Note: moist ingredients use same equipment, different techniques.
Dry Measuring Always use a dry measuring cup n Flour n n Sugar n n Pour/spoon into dry measuring cup, then level Rice /Misc. n n sift, pour or spoon into dry measuring cup, then level Scoop out or pour into dry measuring cup Small amounts n Dip measuring spoons into ingredient or pour onto spoon not over mixing bowl
Liquid Measuring Always use liquid measuring cups. n Milk/Water/Liquid n n Place measuring cup on counter, pour liquid in, check at eye level. Vanilla/Small amounts n n Pour into a measuring spoon Hold over small bowl to catch excess. (Not over mixing bowl)
Moist Ingredients n Brown Sugar n n Shortening/Peanut Butter n n n Pack firmly into a dry measuring cup, press until level. Pack firmly into a dry measuring cup, level. Remove with a rubber scraper/spatula Cut/Shredded foods n Press or place into a dry measuring cup
Using your Hands Make sure your hands are clean!!! For some ingredients it is best to use your hands: n Eggs n n Packages: n n Do not break on the side of the mixing bowl, shells may fall in. Open and pour into mixture Chunks/Squares: n Unwrap and measure out with hands