- Slides: 13
KEY TERMS I. R. 2 balancing, bandwagoning, liaison office, detente, deterrence, security dilemma, Weltanschauung, raison d'être
Bandwagoning • “Whenever a state becomes powerful in the international relations system the other states have two options according to structural realists. Put simply, they can choose either to bandwagon or to balance its power. “ • Template taken from: https: //iapss. org/2013/09/22/eu-us-relations-balancing-or-bandwagoning/
Bandwagoning • Bandwagoning in international relations occurs when a state aligns with a stronger, adversarial power (refers to alignment with the source of danger). • • Weaker states decide that the cost of opposing a stronger power exceeds the benefits. • The stronger power may offer incentives, such as the possibility of territorial gain, trade agreements, or protection, to induce weaker states to join with it. • (Thucydides´ famous dictum that "the strong do what they can and the weak suffer what they must" captures the essence of bandwagoning. ) • (Mearsheimer 2001, 162 -165) • induce somebody to do something (formal) to persuade or influence somebody to do something • Dictum a statement that expresses something that people believe is always true or should be followed the dictum that ‘In politics, there are no friendships.
Balancing • balancing: states come together and form an alliance to balance and gain more leverage over a dominant or rising power • (Mearsheimer 2001, 162 -165) • balancing - is defined as allying with others against the prevailing threat.
Liaison office/officer (to liaise) • liaison: communication or cooperation which facilitates a close working relationship between organizations • 1. liaison office - a de facto embassy – an embassy in the absence of normal or official diplomatic relations between countries • Liaison Office of the Slovak Republic in Pristina (branch office of the Embassy of the Slovak Republic in Belgrade) (Styčný úrad Slovenskej republiky v Prištine) • 2. liaison office -a channel of communication • The European Parliament (E. P. ) has a liaison office in every Member State. -
Rapprochement • 1971 talks with Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai concluded with a rapprochement between the US and the People´s Republic of China. • https: //www. oxfordlearnersdictionaries. com/definition/american_english/rapprochement? q=rapprochement • a situation in which the relationship between two countries becomes more friendly after a period during which they were enemies rapprochement (with somebody) policies aimed at bringing about a rapprochement with China rapprochement (between A and B) There now seems little chance of rapprochement between the warring factions. • •
“Neue Ostpolitik “ - genuine rapprochement • Neue Ostpolitik (German for "new eastern policy"), or Ostpolitik for short, was the normalization of relations between the (FRG- West Germany) and Eastern Europe, particularly the (GDR, or East Germany) beginning in 1969. • genuine actually having apparent qualities or character – syn. real
• Willy Brandt(left) and Willi Stoph in Erfurt 1970, the first encounter of a Federal Chancellor with his East German counterpart. This was an early step in the de-escalation of the Cold War.
Détente/ THAW https: //www. merriam-webster. com/dictionary/detente • formal : an ending of unfriendly or hostile relations between countries • the relaxation of strained relations or tensions (as between nations) • a policy promoting this relaxation • • e. g. diplomats brokering a détente. . . their desire to pursue a policy of detente. • Syn. • • There are signs of a thaw in relations between the two countries. a thaw in international relations • (to cause to change from a solid, frozen state to a liquid or soft one, because of an increase in temperature • • The sun came out and thawed the ice. ) https: //dictionary. cambridge. org/dictionary/english/thaw THAW
Deterrence (to deter somebody from doing something) • to prevent or discourage someone from doing something: Theese measures are designed to deter an enemy attack. • politics : the policy of developing a lot of military power so that other countries will not attack your country • (the term deterrence largely has been applied to the basic strategy of the nuclear powers) • an essential element in successful deterrence is a degree of uncertainty on the part of a would-be aggressor as to (=about) whether the target power, although attacked and badly damaged, will (nonetheless) retaliate
The security dilemma • . . . also referred to as the spiral model, refers to a situation in which, under anarchy, actions by a state intended to heighten its security, such as increasing its military strength, committing to use weapons or making alliances, . . . • . . . can lead other states to respond with similar measures, producing increased tensions that create conflict, even when no side really desires.
Weltanschauung • In my personal Weltanschauung, there is nothing wrong with. . . • ‘Nevertheless, public opinion supports the view that Nazism and Bolshevism are philosophies - Weltanschauungen implacably (-uncompromisingly) opposed to each other • - a particular philosophy or view of life • https: //www. oxfordlearnersdictionaries. com/definition/english/weltanschauung? q=Weltanschauung • -a comprehensive conception of the world especially from a specific standpoint : WORLDVIEW
raison d'être • “reason of State“= the national interest • pursuit of the (raison d'être) national interest is the foundation of the realist school in I. R. • pursuit -the act of trying to achieve something (an action, plan, etc. ) over a long period of time