- Slides: 34
Keeping Fit to Drive
Fatigue Types of Fatigue A. Normal fatigue B. Emotional fatigue C. Fatigue caused by disease
Symptoms of Fatigue Physical • Tired muscles • General bodily sensations • Sleepiness • Tired feeling in head • Pains in back and head • Muscle pain and soreness • Stiffness in joints • Swelling of hands and feet Mental • Slowed judgment • Impaired concentration • Impaired memory • Unreasonable emotional responses
Fatigue Related Driving Problems • • • Driving Process Tendency to stare Search Trouble concentrating Loss of memory Identify Slowed reactions Predict Reduced co-ordination Decide Irritability/aggressiveness Execute v s
Delaying Fatigue When Driving • • • Avoid long drives Avoid anger Change drivers Keep eyes moving Let in fresh air Adjust temperature Wear seat belt Avoid leaning forward Wear good sunglasses Avoid alcohol Stop periodically Only rest will relieve fatigue!
Emotions • Understand your own personal makeup • Identify and avoid situations that upset you • Plan trips to reduce stress
Prevent Situational Road Rage • Expect others to make mistakes • Do not underestimate others/drivers’ capacity to cause trouble • Remember emotions are contagious • Direct emotions to actions not individuals • Delay driving when upset / ask someone else to drive • Avoid making eye contact with an aggressive driver • Do not make obscene gestures
Prevent Situational Road Rage • Use your horn sparingly and for specific reason • Stay out of the passing lane when not passing another vehicle • Signal before changing lanes • Use turn signal prior to any change of direction • Avoid blocking right-hand turn lanes • Do not tailgate • If you must drive slow, pull over to allow traffic to pass • Avoid unnecessary use of high beam headlights
Prevent Situational Road Rage • Stop at the side of the road to talk with pedestrians or other drivers, not in a travel lane • Steer off the road and stop if you must use car phone • Do not inflict loud radio music or noise on neighboring cars • Do not take more than one parking space • If you’re not disabled, do not park in a designated disabled parking space • Do not allow your car door to hit the vehicle parked next to you
Prevent Situational Road Rage “He who blows a fuse often is usually in the dark. ” - a wise guy
Prevent Situational Road Rage
Temporary Illness • Headache • Allergies • Cold/Flu
Drugs: Use & Abuse Categories • Nonprescription or over the counter • Prescription • Illegal or Illicit Types • Depressants • Hallucinogens • Stimulants • Narcotics
Types of Drugs • Depressants – Alcohol (booze) – Analgesics (pain pills) – Anti-diabetics (sugar medicine) – Barbiturates (downers) – Sedatives (ludes) • Hallucinogens – – – Cannabis (pot) Lysergic Acid (LSD/acid) Mescaline and Peyote (mesc) Phencyclidien (PCP) Inhalants (fumes) Psilocybine (shrooms) • Stimulants – Amphetamines (speed) – Caffeine (soft drinks/chocolate/coffee) – Nicotine (tobacco) • Narcotics – Cocaine (crack/coke) – Opiates (codeine/heroin/morphine) – Designer Drugs (Ecstasy/XTC) Among other effects, use impairs judgement - which can be fatal to the driving process!
Consider This! • Young drivers are involved in fatal crashes at twice the rate of drivers 21 and older. • Almost half of those killed in alcohol related crashes had not been drinking but were victims of drunk drivers. • More than half of all fatalities during holidays are alcohol related.
WHISKEY @ 80 o (80 proof about 40%) (100 proof about 50%) 1 oz. (shot) 0. 40 ounces of ethyl alcohol BEER @ 4. 5% 12 oz. 0. 045 0. 54 ounces of ethyl alcohol COOLER @ 5. 0% MARGARITA 12 oz. 0. 05 1. 5 oz. 0. 4 0. 6 + 0. 60 ounces of ethyl alcohol Tequila (80 o) Triple sec (60 o) 0. 5 oz. 0. 3 0. 15 = 0. 75 ounces of ethyl alcohol MARGARITA COOLER BEER WINE = = 88% more alcohol… 50% more alcohol… 35% more alcohol… 20% more alcohol… than a shot of whiskey.
Effects of Alcohol • • Depression Anxiety Stress levels Reduces inhibitions • Impairs judgement • Ability to process information Sober Thoughts • • • Hearing Speech Vision Walking Coordination Driving Process Search Identify Predict Decide Execute Impairment begins with 1 drink!
Alcohol Effects By BAC Level Decision Making Release of Inhibitions Reflexes Coordination/Motor Ability Confusion/Disorientation Stupor Coma Death . 03 -. 04. 05 -. 10. 15. 20 -. 30 -. 40 or more
Probability of Collision • BAC 0. 04 five times more likely to be in crash • BAC 0. 08 twenty five times more likely • In US 20, 000/yr killed in fatal crashes – more than 400 per week Kentucky Presumed under the influence if BAC is 0. 08% (21 yrs +) Less than 21 zero tolerance ( presumed under the influence BAC 0. 02%)
Penalties for DUI • Social consequences for you, your family, your friends, and your community • Legal consequences can affect your life choices • Monetary consequences, perhaps the most insignificant effect of DUI, include, fines, attorney fees, insurance, loss of work, and many more
Jacqueline Saburido was a happy going university student who loved to swim, practiced flamenco dancing and loved to spend her time with family and friends. Today, Jacqueline is a survivor of a car accident with a drunk driver in Austin, Texas that left her burned and disfigured for life. Her passion for life has motivated her to want to make a contribution to society with the goal of reducing accidents involving drunk drivers.
Think about the consequences of your actions! Drive responsibly.