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Karl-Richard Sänna AUSTRALIAN CUISINE
AUSTRALIAN CUISINE � Australian cuisine refers to the cuisine of the Commonwealth of Australia and its preceding indigenous and colonial societies. � Australian cuisine of the first decade of the 21 st century shows the influence of globalisation. � While fast food chains are abundant, Australia's metropolitan centres possess many famed haute cuisine and nouvelle cuisine establishments.
INDIGENOUS AUSTRALIAN BUSH TUCKER � Before the arrival of the First Fleet of Europeans at Sydney in 1788, indigenous Australians survived off the often unique native flora and fauna of the Australian bush, for between 40, 000 and 60, 000 years. � Resource availability and dietary makeup varied from region to region - desert dwellers could be constantly on the move to find new foods, while other tribal districts allowed relatively fixed positioning.
ALICE SPRINGS DESERT PARK, BUSH TUCKER.
DEVELOPMENT OF MODERN AUSTRALIAN CUISINE � Following the pre-colonial period, European settlers began arriving with the First Fleet of British ships at Sydney harbour in 1788. � Other than by climate and produce availability, Australian cuisine has been derived from the tastes of settlers to Australia. � Vegetables are usually eaten seasonally. � Australia's climate makes barbecues commonplace.
BEVERAGES � Billy tea is the drink prepared by the ill-fated Swagman in the popular Australian folksong Waltzing Matilda. � Beer in Australia has been popular since colonial times. � The Australian Wine Industry is the fourth largest exporter of wine around the world, with 760 million litres a year to a large international export market and contributes $5. 5 billion per annum to the nation's economy.
WINE � Wine is produced in every state, with more than 60 designated wine regions totaling approximately 160, 000 hectares.
FISH AND SEAFOOD � Australia's 11 million square kilometre fishing zone is the third largest in the world and allows for bountiful access to seafood which significantly influences Australian cuisine. � Australian cuisine features Australian seafood such as: Southern bluefin tuna, King George whiting, Moreton Bay bug, Mud Crab, Jew Fish, Dhufish (Western Australia) and Yabby. � Most Australians live close to the coast and have ready access to high quality seafood restaurants and local fish and chip shops.
TETSUYA'S SIGNATURE DISH, CONFIT OF TASMANIAN OCEAN TROUT BALMAIN BUG FISH AND SEAFOOD
FRUIT � There are many species of Australian native fruits, such as Quandong (native peach), Wattleseed, Muntries/Munthari berry, Illawarra plums, Riberry, Native Raspberries and lilli pilli. � Australia also has large fruit growing regions.
REGIONAL CUISINE � Regional Australian cuisines use locally grown vegetables. � In the Southern states of Victoria and South Australia, in particular the Barossa Valley, wines and food reflects the region's traditions and heritage.
BREAKFAST � The breakfast frequently resembles breakfast in many Western countries, but may include ethnic influences. � In warmer areas breakfast is generally light.
A popular breakfast food in Australia is Vegemite, a spread similar to Marmite. VEGEMITE ON TOAST
DINNER � The evening meal is the main meal of the day for most Australians. � A standard cafe or restaurant in Australia not adhering to any particular ethnic cuisine might offer sandwiches and focaccias, a range of pasta, risotto, salad or curry dishes, steak, chicken or other meat-based dishes, cakes or other desserts, and juices, red and white wine, soft drink, beer, and coffee.
TAKE-AWAY FOOD IN AUSTRALIA � Similar to other Western nations, Australia has a wide variety of takeaway food available from other cultures. � The meat pie and sausage rolls are take-away food items, and there is also gourmet pies. � American fast food outlets are common, and there also Australian fast food chains and individual outlets selling pizza, charcoal or fried chicken, kebabs, gyros, and fish and chip shops.
ICONIC AUSTRALIAN FOODS � An iconic Australian foodstuff is Vegemite (owned by the American Kraft Foods). � ANZAC biscuits and the pavlova are considered by some to be Australian national foods, although the oldest known written recipes for these items are from New Zealand. � Damper is a traditional Australian soda bread prepared by swagmen, drovers and other travellers. It consists of a wheat flour based bread, traditionally baked in the coals of a campfire.
ANZAC BISCUITS, MADE WITHOUT COCONUT A PAVLOVA GARNISHED WITH STRAWBERRIES, BANANAS, KIWIFRUIT AND CREAM DESSERTS
NOTES � http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Australian_cuisine