JUDICIAL STUDY GUIDE Answer Key STUDY GUIDE 1

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JUDICIAL STUDY GUIDE Answer Key

JUDICIAL STUDY GUIDE Answer Key

STUDY GUIDE • 1) Judicial Branch • 2) Congress • 3) The President appoints,

STUDY GUIDE • 1) Judicial Branch • 2) Congress • 3) The President appoints, The Senate Confirms • 4) 9 Supreme Court Justices • 5) Brett Kavanaugh, Samuel Alito, Stephen Breyer, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Neil Gorsuch, Elena Kagan, Sonia Sotomayor, Clarence Thomas, John Roberts • 6) Authority held by a court to be the first court to hear a particular case • 9) In all cases except those that they have original jurisdiction • 10) In the State the crime took place in • 11) Treason • 12) For Life (as long as “good behavior”) • 13) Pay cannot be lowered • 14) Courts checking laws and executive orders for constitutionality • 15) Marbury v. Madison (1803) • 7) Cases involving Ambassadors or a State • 16) Brown v. Board of Education (1954) • 8) Authority held by a court to hear an appeal on a decided case. • 18) United States v. Nixon (1974) • 17) Roe v. Wade (1973)

STUDY GUIDE (CONT. ) • 19) Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) • 20) Dred Scott

STUDY GUIDE (CONT. ) • 19) Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) • 20) Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857) • 21) Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) • 22) Obergefell v. Hodges (2015) • 23) 14 th Amendment • 24) 4 th Amendment • 25) The use of Judicial Review to enact changes in Public Policy; effectively, using Judicial Review to create new laws • 26) To interpret the Constitution strictly by what the writers meant at the time they wrote it. More common with Conservative judges. • 27) The limits or territory in which authority may be exercised • 28) an earlier event or action that is regarded as an example or guide to be considered • 29) A group of peers who listen to evidence and determine guilt of the accused. This takes the ability to assign guilt out of the hands of one judge and increases the chance of a fair trial • 30) Plaintiff is the person Suing or accusing. Defendant is the person being sued or accused.

STUDY GUIDE (CONT. ) • 31) Chief Justice John Roberts • 32) Associate Justice

STUDY GUIDE (CONT. ) • 31) Chief Justice John Roberts • 32) Associate Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg • 33) Associate Justice Clarence Thomas • 34) Associate Justice Brett Kavanaugh • 35) The Presumption of Innocence or “innocent until proven guilty”