Judicial Branch MO Supreme Court MO Court of

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Judicial Branch

Judicial Branch

MO Supreme Court MO Court of Appeals MO Circuit Court MO Municipal Courts

MO Supreme Court MO Court of Appeals MO Circuit Court MO Municipal Courts

Supreme Court Structure • Number of Members – 7 • Term of Office –

Supreme Court Structure • Number of Members – 7 • Term of Office – 12 years • Term Limit – none – except mandatory retirement at 70 years old • Head – Chief Justice (rotated every 2 years) • Qualifications: – 30 years old – US Citizen for 15 years – Be a registered Voter for 9 years – Must pass the Missouri Bar Exam

Missouri Supreme Court

Missouri Supreme Court

Appeal Court Structure • Number of Members – at least 3 • Term of

Appeal Court Structure • Number of Members – at least 3 • Term of Office – 12 years • Term Limit – none – except mandatory retirement at 70 years old • Qualifications: – 30 years old – US Citizen for 15 years – Be a registered Voter for 9 years – Must Live in their Appeals District – Must pass the Missouri Bar

Circuit Court Structure • Term of Office – 6 years (4 yrs for Associate

Circuit Court Structure • Term of Office – 6 years (4 yrs for Associate Judges) • Term Limit – none – except mandatory retirement at 70 years old • Qualifications: – 30 years old – US Citizen for 10 years – Be a registered Voter for 3 years – Must live in their circuit for 1 year – Must pass the Missouri Bar – Associate Judges on this level

Judicial Circuits of Missouri Appeals Districts of Missouri

Judicial Circuits of Missouri Appeals Districts of Missouri

Missouri Plan • System of electing state judges • Details: – Requires judges in

Missouri Plan • System of electing state judges • Details: – Requires judges in Kansas City, St. Louis City, and other counties with non-partisan judges to be elected – 3 nominations are sent to the governor by a judicial nominating committee – Governor has 60 days to choose one – Nominee is then placed on the ballot for a retention election for yes or no vote – 14 states currently use a version of the Missouri Plan

Types of Cases • • State Constitution State Law Federal Law Constitution US treaty

Types of Cases • • State Constitution State Law Federal Law Constitution US treaty The state's revenue laws State Election Disputes Imposition of the death penalty

The Judicial Branch • Municipal Courts – (local courts with limited jurisdiction) – Probate

The Judicial Branch • Municipal Courts – (local courts with limited jurisdiction) – Probate Court – Has jurisdiction over wills, estates, juveniles, and incompetent persons. – Magistrate Court – Hears cases involving misdemeanors or minor civil matters