- Slides: 19
JOB SAFETY ANALYSIS Presentation
ANY New Job/ Activity Before starting ANY new job/ activity, you need to: Recognize the Hazards Plan the work Protect the people
Job Safety Analysis Break down the task into steps Identify the hazards connected with each step State how you will mitigate (minimize) the hazard
Job Safety Analysis Steps and procedures are basically the same thing. Hazards are what can hurt you Mitigations are how to protect yourself
Break job down into key steps AVOID Too much detail– Too many steps Too little detail-- so general that basic steps are not recorded
Group Activity Job Safety Analysis “Changing a Flat Tire on a Car”
10 -15 min Activity Instructor- hand out the JSA blank form for “How to change a tire” As a group, list the steps needed to change a tire on a car Identify the hazards of each step When finished, compare your results to the following slides
Key Steps (TOO MANY) Changing a Flat Tire Pull off road Put car in “park” Set brake Activate emergency flashers Open door Get out of car Walk to trunk Put key in lock Open trunk Remove jack
Key Steps (NOT ENOUGH) Changing a Flat Tire Park car take off flat tire put on spare tire drive away
Key Job Steps JUST RIGHT Changing a Flat tire Park car, set brake remove jack & tire from trunk loosen lug nuts jack up car remove tire set new tire jack down car tighten lug nuts store tire & jack
JSA Process Every person who will participate in the work participates in the JSA process- including contractors. JSA is to be conducted before work begins. After the job, review the JSA to see if any lessons learned can be applied.
Recognize the Hazards Parking Car n Struck by Traffic Removing tire & jack n n Back Strain bang head on trunk Loosen lug nuts n n back/arm strain slip & fall Jacking up car n car could fall off jack Setting new tire n n fingers pinched back strain Tighten nuts n n back strain slip & fall
Reduce the Risk A mitigation is the same as “solution” or a way to prevent accidents, injury or harm. A mitigation is the answer to the question, “How will you reduce the risk? ”
Ways to Reduce Risk Identify source of the risk Use engineering, procedures or PPE to reduce risk
Change the work site Tools, materials, equipment layout or location Study change carefully for other benefits (costs, time savings)
Change procedures What should the worker do to eliminate the hazard How should it be done? Document changes in the JSA
SIMOPS Concerns? ? Changes may affect other jobs or work processes. Check the new process once it has been redesigned. n Did it reduce risk?
Here’s what it looks like in a JSA
Job Safety Analysis Next Review the “What’s the Hazard” Power. Point and note the problems you see on your training quiz.