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Jean Piaget’s Cognitive. Development Theory Cristina Pintor
Jean Piaget (1896 -1980) Swiss physiologist. Known for his epistemological studies with children. Piaget was especially interested in developmental psychology and studied the different ways humans acquire, retain and develop knowledge.
Cognitive Development Theory Piaget studied the development of children's understanding, through observing them and talking and listening to them while they worked on exercises he set. He identified four stages in cognitive development.
Stages of Cognitive Development
Stage 1 - Sensorimotor (0 -2) Child develop reflexes and hand-eye coordination Rapid cognitive growth Extreme egocentrism Trial and error learning Object Permanence
Stage 2 - Preoperational (2 -7) Learns to use language. Represents objects by images and words. Egocentric Display animism
Stage 3 - Concrete Operational (7 -11) Beginning of logical thought. Apply logic to physical objects. Less egocentric. Understanding of conservation.
Stage 4 - Formal Operational (11+) Abstract thinking. Test hypotheses systematically. Becomes concerned with the future. Beginning of formal systematic thinking.
Applications of Piaget’s theory How do I apply the Cognitive Development Theory in my every day teaching?
Preoperational Activities Use illustrative visuals to help children understand concepts. Artwork Illustrations Physical properties Hands on practice
Preoperational Activities Cooperative groups. Learners actively participate. Respect is given to every member. Projects and questions interest and challenge students.
Preoperational Activities to foster the understanding of conservation: Clay Water Sand
Concrete Operational Activities Opportunities to understand abstract concepts: Discussions Puzzles Riddles Brainteasers
Concrete Operational Activities Visual aids and Hands on activities: 3 -D Models Timelines Charts
Concrete Operational Activities Opportunities to interact with objects: Science experiments Crafts Manipulative
Formal Operational Activities Continue using strategies used in the concrete operational stage. Use more sophisticated graphs and diagrams.
Formal Operational Activities Students need the opportunity to explore hypothetical situations.
Formal Operational Activities Students need to learn problem solving techniques. Essay questions
References Atherton J S (2011) Learning and Teaching; Piaget's developmental theory [On-line: UK] retrieved 2 May 2013 from http: //www. learningandteaching. info/learning/piaget. htm Huitt, W. , & Hummel, J. (2003). Piaget's theory of cognitive development. Educational Psychology Interactive. Valdosta, GA: Valdosta State University. Retrieved May, 2013 from http: //www. edpsycinteractive. org/topics/cognition/piaget. html Mc. Leod, S. A. (2010). Sensorimotor Stage - Object Permanence. Retrieved from http: //www. simplypsychology. org/sensorimotor. html
References Mc. Leod, S. A. (2010). Preoperational Stage - Egocentrism. Retrieved from http: //www. simplypsychology. org/preoperational. html Mc. Leod, S. A. (2009). Jean Piaget | Cognitive Theory. Retrieved from http: //www. simplypsychology. org/piaget. html Society, JP (2013). Jean Piaget Society About Piaget. Retrieved from: http: //www. piaget. org/about. Piaget. html