JAPAN OUTLINE Background Information Development History by Naoto

  • Slides: 12
Download presentation
JAPAN OUTLINE _ _ Background Information & Development History (by Naoto) Educational system &

JAPAN OUTLINE _ _ Background Information & Development History (by Naoto) Educational system & Educational Issues (by Hiro)

Background Information(1) Area Size 377, 887 sq km Population (density) 127 million (341. 8

Background Information(1) Area Size 377, 887 sq km Population (density) 127 million (341. 8 per sq km) Ethnic groups Japanese (99%), others(Aynu: 23000, Ryukyu, Korean, Chinese) Language Japanese (日本語) Literacy Rate 99%

Background Information(2) Life Expectancy Rate (2003) 78. 07(male) / 84. 93(female) Infant Mortality Rate

Background Information(2) Life Expectancy Rate (2003) 78. 07(male) / 84. 93(female) Infant Mortality Rate (2003) 3. 1 per 1000 live births (2003) GDP $3. 651 trillion (PPP 2002) GDP per capita $28, 700 (PPP 2002) GDP growth rate 0. 2%

Background Information(3) Exports $383. 8 billion (2002) Imports $292. 1 billion (2002) ODA $9.

Background Information(3) Exports $383. 8 billion (2002) Imports $292. 1 billion (2002) ODA $9. 3 billion (2002) Defence Expenditure 6 % of Total Government Expenditure (1% of GDP) Unemployment 5. 3% (2003) Rate

Development History (1) _ Edo (Tokugawa) Period [1603 -1868] National Isolation Policy Primary enrolment

Development History (1) _ Edo (Tokugawa) Period [1603 -1868] National Isolation Policy Primary enrolment rate (male 79%, female 21%) & estimated Literacy rate (male 40 -50%, female 15%) Domestic Industry

Development History (2) _ Pre-War period [1868 -1945] Meiji Restoration - open the country

Development History (2) _ Pre-War period [1868 -1945] Meiji Restoration - open the country – Modernisation Basic education & Moral Education (Confucian) *primary school enrolment was over 90% in 1902 Slogans – Japanese Spirits, Western Skills & Western Science, Eastern Morals

Development History (3) _ Post-war period [1945 -] Devastation of the Nation - Restructuring

Development History (3) _ Post-war period [1945 -] Devastation of the Nation - Restructuring every social systems (Centralised governance structure) Rapid economic growth (1960 s-70 s) - Strong back up of USA (Cold War), WB Environmental Problems - four major environmental deteriorations(1960 s)