James Monroe 5 th President of the United

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James Monroe { 5 th President of the United States

James Monroe { 5 th President of the United States

Nationalism : a feeling of intense pride for and loyalty to one’s nation; patriotism

Nationalism : a feeling of intense pride for and loyalty to one’s nation; patriotism

Nationalism According to many Americans, the War of 1812 was a victory. According to

Nationalism According to many Americans, the War of 1812 was a victory. According to one Vermont paper, the U. S. gained: • The fear of their late enemy (Britain) • The respect of the world • The confidence we have acquired in ourselves

Nationalism Signs of nationalism: • In the 1800 s History textbooks stressed the superiority

Nationalism Signs of nationalism: • In the 1800 s History textbooks stressed the superiority of the United States, comparing it to “worn out” Europe • Noah Webster published a dictionary in 1806. It modified the way British words were spelled, used, and pronounced. This helped create a distinctly American version of the English language. • The Bald Eagle (already the national bird) became a widely used symbol • People became more loyal to the national government than to the state governments. This time period is known as the “Era of Good Feelings. ”

Election of 1816 • Madison’s Secretary of State, James Monroe, became President • The

Election of 1816 • Madison’s Secretary of State, James Monroe, became President • The Federalist Party dissolves (though there are still some Federalist judges from John Adams’ appointments)

Federal Government Grows Stronger • Federal government power grew through the power of Judicial

Federal Government Grows Stronger • Federal government power grew through the power of Judicial Review • Chief Justice John Marshall served for 34 years • Precedent for Judicial Review was set in the case, Marbury vs. Madison. In your own words, what is judicial review? • Other cases further strengthened the national government: • Gibbons v. Ogden – Federal government decides trade disputes • Mc. Colloch v Maryland – states cannot tax a branch of the National Bank

Henry Clay’s American System

Henry Clay’s American System

American System • Pass tariffs • make European goods more expensive; protect and encourage

American System • Pass tariffs • make European goods more expensive; protect and encourage American Industry • Re-charter the National Bank to strengthen the country’s financial system • Improve transportation – better trade within the country • National Roads • Canals – Erie Canal connects NYC with the Great Lakes

Monroe’s Administration • Monroe was the 5 th President • Named John Quincy Adams

Monroe’s Administration • Monroe was the 5 th President • Named John Quincy Adams as his Secretary of State • Second Bank of the U. S. - After the War of 1812, the country’s finances were a mess. To solve this, the Second Bank of the U. S. was created by Congress (Anybody see anything strange about this? ? ) President Secretary of State What happens to the Secretary of State later. . . Washington Thomas Jefferson Becomes 3 rd President Adams John Marshall Becomes Chief Justice Jefferson James Madison Becomes 4 th President Madison James Monroe Becomes 5 th President Monroe John Q. Adams Becomes 6 th President

Spanish Florida Andrew Jackson and the Seminoles • Spain was too weak to control

Spanish Florida Andrew Jackson and the Seminoles • Spain was too weak to control the Native Americans in Florida. By treaty, the Spanish were supposed to prevent Native Americans (the Seminole Tribe) from raiding settlements in Georgia • Jackson chases Seminoles across the border into Florida – in the process he and his men capture a Spanish fort in Pensacola which angered the Spanish • Secretary of State Adams tells Spain they should sell Florida to the U. S. …

Adams – Onis Treaty • Spain sells Florida to the U. S. for 5

Adams – Onis Treaty • Spain sells Florida to the U. S. for 5 million dollars • U. S. now extends from Texas east to the Atlantic Ocean • U. S. gives up claims to the parts of Texas that had been included in the Louisiana Purchase

Missouri Compromise • In the four years after the War of 1812 (1816 -1819),

Missouri Compromise • In the four years after the War of 1812 (1816 -1819), four new states had large enough populations to join the Union • Missouri wants to join as a slave state • Congressman Tallmadge adds an amendment to the law that would free slaves • Tallmadge (and many others) want to limit the spread of slavery into the west. • Southerners are furious – feel the federal government is interfering in states’ rights • Henry Clay works out a compromise

Missouri Compromise • Maine separates from Massachusetts and enters as a free state •

Missouri Compromise • Maine separates from Massachusetts and enters as a free state • Missouri enters as a slave state • A line is agreed upon: 36° 30” North Latitude • Except for Missouri, slavery will be prohibited [banned] in states north of the Missouri Compromise Line

Monroe Doctrine: a belief or set of beliefs held and taught by a church,

Monroe Doctrine: a belief or set of beliefs held and taught by a church, political party, or other group. • A declaration of economic independence. The purpose: keep European countries from controlling any part of the Western Hemisphere (North and South America) • Said that Europe could not colonize in North or South America

Monroe Doctrine • Warned European countries that the U. S. will regard European intervention

Monroe Doctrine • Warned European countries that the U. S. will regard European intervention in the New World as unfriendly (i. e. : war)

Monroe Doctrine • Becomes a major part of U. S. Foreign Policy, even to

Monroe Doctrine • Becomes a major part of U. S. Foreign Policy, even to this day.