James A Henretta Rebecca Edwards Robert O Self

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James A. Henretta Rebecca Edwards Robert O. Self America’s History Seventh Edition CHAPTER 28

James A. Henretta Rebecca Edwards Robert O. Self America’s History Seventh Edition CHAPTER 28 Uncivil Wars: Liberal Crisis and Conservative Rebirth, 1964 -1972 Copyright © 2011 by Bedford/St. Martin’s

I. The Great Society: Liberalism at High Tide A. John F. Kennedy’s Promise-”torch has

I. The Great Society: Liberalism at High Tide A. John F. Kennedy’s Promise-”torch has been passed to a new generation of Americans”-Peace Corps was formed under JFK B. Lyndon B. Johnson and the Liberal Resurgence 1. War on Poverty-LBJs greatest priority-social programs p 885 2. The 1964 Election-LBJ vs arch conservative Goldwater(supported by Reagan) agenda? p 886 3. Great Society Initiatives-chart p 887 4. Assessing the Great Society-medicare, Head Start, medicaid, inspiration for the Womens

I. The Great Society: Liberalism at High Tide C. The Women’s Movement Reborn 1.

I. The Great Society: Liberalism at High Tide C. The Women’s Movement Reborn 1. Labor Feminists-working moms struggle for equality in workplace 2. Betty Friedan and the National Organization for Women-(NOW)” The Feminine Mystique”persuaded middle class women that they needed an education and a career-radical for the time

II. The War in Vietnam, 1963 -1968 A. Escalation under Johnson-inherited Vietnam from JFK

II. The War in Vietnam, 1963 -1968 A. Escalation under Johnson-inherited Vietnam from JFK (who inherited it from Eisenhower) 1. Gulf of Tonkin Resolution- 1964 Gave LBJ power to escalate war in Vietnam after 2 alleged attacks by North Vietnamese p 891 2. The New American Presence-”Americanization” of Vietnam War-included ground troops and bombing North Vietnam by 1964 -Operation Rolling Thunder( 1965)had the opposite effect on which it was intended

II. The War in Vietnam, 1963 -1968 B. Public Opinion and the War 1.

II. The War in Vietnam, 1963 -1968 B. Public Opinion and the War 1. Television-Vietnam was first TV war-evening news broadcast violence daily 2. “Credibility Gap”-LBJ viewed as not being honest about Vietnam-continued to tell public that America was winning the war and that there was” light at the end of the tunnel”

II. The War in Vietnam, 1963 -1968 C. Rise of the Student Movement-1964 SDS-rejected

II. The War in Vietnam, 1963 -1968 C. Rise of the Student Movement-1964 SDS-rejected War and Consumer culture 1. The New Left-anti-war demonstrations and sit ins-burning of draft cards, draft dodging 2. Young Americans for Freedom-conservative, religious, supported war 3. The Counterculture-rebel against authority and the war with hippie hair and clothes, recreational drugs, music, Summer of Love 1967 -defining moment was Woodstock August 1969

III. Days of Rage, 1968 -1972 A. Blood in the Streets-1968 1. The Tet

III. Days of Rage, 1968 -1972 A. Blood in the Streets-1968 1. The Tet Offensive-Vietcong attack on Vietnamese New Year against South-turning point of war-demoralized US and escalated protests-LBJ announces he wont run for re election in 1968 2. Political Assassinations-MLK April RFK June of 1968

III. Days of Rage, 1968 -1972 B. The Antiwar Movement and the 1968 Election

III. Days of Rage, 1968 -1972 B. The Antiwar Movement and the 1968 Election 1. Democratic Convention-Chicago-radical demonstrators clashed with police-made Democrats look bad-backlash allowed Republican (Nixon) to win 2. Richard Nixon-Republican targeted Southern whites and blue collar Northerners for votes 3. George Wallace-segregationist Governor of Alabama-ran 3 rd party 1968 4. The Southern Strategy-Nixon had support of Thurmond(Dixiecrat turned Republican) told South

III. Days of Rage, 1968 -1972 C. The Nationalist Turn 1. Chicanos-charged that the

III. Days of Rage, 1968 -1972 C. The Nationalist Turn 1. Chicanos-charged that the Vietnam draft was biased against the poor-Cesar Chavez 2. Black Power-protested black involvement in Vietnam D. Women’s Liberation-younger college educatedveterans of anti war and civil rights protests 1. “Sisterhood”-womens rights activists protested womens role as sexual objects and helpmates ex. Miss America pageant protest 1968 2. “Sexual Politics”-fought for reproductive rights,

III. Days of Rage, 1968 -1972 E. Stonewall and Gay Liberation 1. “Come Out!”-civil

III. Days of Rage, 1968 -1972 E. Stonewall and Gay Liberation 1. “Come Out!”-civil rights movement inspired gays to come out as homosexual and fight for equality-”We’re here We’re Queer” 2. Stonewall Inn-became the defining moment of Gay Rights

IV. Richard Nixon and the Politics of the Silent Majority A. Nixon’s War in

IV. Richard Nixon and the Politics of the Silent Majority A. Nixon’s War in Vietnam-withdraw of Americans(peace with honor) increased secret bombings 1. Vietnamization and Cambodia-Nixon bombs neutral Cambodia because of Ho Chi Minh Trail. Kent State protest 2. My Lai Massacre-terrible war crimes by American soldiers against innocent civilians exposed-increased anger over war-American soldiers labeled as baby killers 3. Détente-Nixon successful foreign

IV. Richard Nixon and the Politics of the Silent Majority C. Watergate and the

IV. Richard Nixon and the Politics of the Silent Majority C. Watergate and the Fall of a President-Nixon – Abuse of power , paranoia, wiretaps, 1. “Plumbers”-worked for CREEP-broke into Democratic headquarters-goal was to wiretap phones and steal info to help Nixon get re-elected 2. Impeachment-Nixon cover up exposed by secret recordings-Obstruction of Justice-resigned in disgrace 1974 -only president to resign-effect was to combine with Vietnam and the Pentagon Papers to destroy Americas trust in their government