# Inverse Problems are Detective Problems Inverse Problems are

Inverse Problems are Detective Problems

Inverse Problems are Difficult Inverse Problems are usually ill posed.

Inverse Problems require a world of data

Channels are Selective Different Types of Channels use Different Types of Ions for Different Information 5

For Modelers and Mathematicians: This is reverse engineering! Central Problem How does the channel control Selectivity? Inverse Problem for Selectivity Badly posed, many answers are possible, simultaneously over and under determined with noise and systematic error Core Math Problem has actually been solved using methods for the Inverse Problem of a Blast Furnace Burger, Eisenberg and Engl (2007) SIAM J Applied Math 67: 960 -989 6

Modelers and Mathematicians: this is reverse engineering How does the Channel control Selectivity? Inverse Problems Many answers are possible Central Issue Which answer is right? Burger, Eisenberg and Engl (2007) SIAM J Applied Math 67: 960 -989 7

How does the Channel control Selectivity? Inverse Problems: many answers possible Central Issue Which answer is right? Key is ALWAYS Large Amount of Data from Many different Conditions Burger, Eisenberg and Engl (2007) SIAM J Applied Math 67: 960 -989 8

Goal: Understand Selectivity well enough to Fit Large Amounts of Data from many solutions and concentrations and to Make a Calcium Channel Macro Scale Atomic Scale 9

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