- Slides: 16
Invasion of Britian AD 449
Anglo-Saxon Invasion of Britian n Angles, Saxons, Jutes, and other Germanic tribes n Seafaring warriors
Vengeance and Bloodshed
Anglo-Saxon Settlement of Britian
Characteristics of Invaders Ancestral Tribes of Clans Chieftain Thane Peasant Serfs Thane Peasant Serfs
Living Quarters—Mead Halls A reconstructed Anglo-Saxon home located in West Stow in Sussex, England Mead Hall • center of life • sleeping quarters • dining area • meeting place
Sutton Hoo • Located in Woodbridge, Suffolk, England • Discovered in 1939 • Burial ship of an Anglo-Saxon king • Burial site contained 41 items of solid gold and 37 gold coins
n 7 th century helmet n Reconstructed from hundreds of corroded iron fragments
Anglo-Saxon Brooch § Anglo-Saxon pendant probably made in the 7 th century AD § found in garden soil at Sacriston, County Durham. § made of solid gold with a goldwire or filigree decoration.
Additional Anglo-Saxon Artifacts
King Offa’s Dyke § approximately 170 miles long running north and south • continuous wall except for river crossings • built in the late 8 th century
Construction n n Earth Embankment No fancy stonework No garrisoned posts 12 foot wide ditch on Welsh side Height ranges from 10 to 60 feet
Monument to Power n Perhaps this dyke was a defense against raiders from Wales. n Perhaps it served as a permanent boundary between Mercia and Wales. n Perhaps it was a boundary monument to remind the Welsh of King Offa’s power and control.
Anglo-Saxon Cross Shaft n Location: St. Peter Advincula Church, Glebe Street, Stoke n Re-erected on its modern base in 1935, the fragment of 10 th Century Anglo-Saxon stone cross shaft had been used as a door lintel in the church until its discovery by a gravedigger in 1876. n The square sectioned top of the cylindrical shaft has a different decorative motif on each face. However part of the side key pattern has been cut away, probably to allow its use as the church's door lintel. S
Acknowledgements n n n n n Anglo-Saxon England. 27 June 2004 <http: //www. gettysburg. edu/academics/english/britain/anglo-saxon/anglo_home. html>. Regia-Angloplum. “Arms and Armour-Part 8 -Shields. ” 27 June 2004 http: //regia. org/shields. html. Map of Gradual Takeover of England by Anglo-Saxons. 27 June 2004 http: //www. cla. calpoly. edu/~jrubba/395/HELUnit 2 web/OE%20 images/asconquer. jpg. Durnham County Council. 27 June 2004. http: //www. durham. gov. uk/durhamcc/usp. nsf/pws/archaeology 2001++archaeology+Time+Line+Mediaeval+Period. The British Museum: Education Department. 27 June 2004. http: //www. thebritishmuseum. ac. uk/education/anglosaxons/weblinks. html King Arthur and the Anglo-Saxon Wars. 27 June 2004. http: //www. murphsplace. com/owen/arthur/wars. html. The Arador Library. 28 June 2004. http: //www. arador. com/gallery/et. html. The Potteries Museum: Art Gallery. 27 June 2004 http: //www 2002. stoke. gov. uk/museums/pmag/Nof_website 1/local_history_static_exhibitions /sites_to_visit/pages/st_peters. htm. Pfordresher, John, Gladys V. Veidemanis, and Helen Mc. Donnell, eds. England in Literature. Glenview: Scott, Foresman, 1989.