Introduction To Religion Mc Cutcheon What is Religion

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Introduction To Religion Mc. Cutcheon: What is Religion? Partridge: Phenomenology. . . Bowie: The

Introduction To Religion Mc. Cutcheon: What is Religion? Partridge: Phenomenology. . . Bowie: The Anthropology. . . Davies: Myths and Symbols January 9, 2013

Lazy Views • Everyone basically believes in the same God with different ways of

Lazy Views • Everyone basically believes in the same God with different ways of expressing those beliefs • Religion is private • One day we’ll find out who’s right • Religion is a crutch for the weak-minded • Imagine no religion

“Religion” • To tie something tightly • To pay careful attention • Beliefs, Behaviors

“Religion” • To tie something tightly • To pay careful attention • Beliefs, Behaviors & Social Institutions

Public or Private

Public or Private

The Essence • Assumption that Institutions, Hierarchies, Regulations & Rituals are INESSENTIAL • Inner

The Essence • Assumption that Institutions, Hierarchies, Regulations & Rituals are INESSENTIAL • Inner Faith or Genuine Practice • Non-Empirical

Theories on Function • Marx: Religion is a “pacifier” • Durkheim: Religion promotes social

Theories on Function • Marx: Religion is a “pacifier” • Durkheim: Religion promotes social bonding • Freud: Religion vents anti-social anxieties • Wittgenstein: Religion share certain “family traits” • Your Theory? ? ?

Essentialist. Functionalist. Family Resemblance.

Essentialist. Functionalist. Family Resemblance.

Phenomenology • Distinct from the Essentialist, the Functionalist and the Proponent of Family Resemblance

Phenomenology • Distinct from the Essentialist, the Functionalist and the Proponent of Family Resemblance Theory-Phenomena! • Descriptive of objects, rituals, teachings, behavior. . . • Question of Ontological Truth is set aside

Friedrich Schleiermacher “The essence of religion consists in the feeling of an absolute dependence.

Friedrich Schleiermacher “The essence of religion consists in the feeling of an absolute dependence. ”

Rudolf Otto “It is the emotion of a creature, submerged and overwhelmed by its

Rudolf Otto “It is the emotion of a creature, submerged and overwhelmed by its own nothingness in contrast to that which is supreme, above all creatures. . . ”

Morality Holy Numinous

Morality Holy Numinous

You are Here

You are Here

“Mysterium Tremendum” • Awe-fulness • Overpowering-ness • Energy or Urgency

“Mysterium Tremendum” • Awe-fulness • Overpowering-ness • Energy or Urgency

In Response? • Posit a Supreme Subject Beyond Existence & Non-Existence • Relationship with

In Response? • Posit a Supreme Subject Beyond Existence & Non-Existence • Relationship with the Wholly Other? • Posit that Human Beings Are Embedded in Existence • Empty Ego-Attachments/Merge with the One Cosmos?

Insider vs. Outsider Us Them

Insider vs. Outsider Us Them

Suspend Interpretative Closure Dialogue Around?

Suspend Interpretative Closure Dialogue Around?

Gavin Flood • Beyond Phenomenology • Questions Detached Objectivity • The Disinterested Observer Does

Gavin Flood • Beyond Phenomenology • Questions Detached Objectivity • The Disinterested Observer Does Not Exist • Self Always in Relation to the Other (Person) • One’s Experience of the Numinous Put In Dialogue with Others

In Your Groups • Find Davies on Myths and Symbols • What is his

In Your Groups • Find Davies on Myths and Symbols • What is his analogy regarding music? • In what sense does “myth” communicate truth? • Symbols participate in the reality to which they point. What the hell?

For Friday • Read Partridge, pp. 23 --31 • Think about or Remember a

For Friday • Read Partridge, pp. 23 --31 • Think about or Remember a Religious Ritual in which you’ve been involved. . . • 1 Page Paper Due Monday (See syllabus)