Introduction to Building Codes
Babylonian Code of Hammurabi 1780 BC “If a builder build a house for someone and does not construct it properly, and the house which he built fall in and kill its owner, then that builder shall be put to death. ”
Purpose of Building Codes • Health, safety, and well-being of the public • Protection of human life Professionals are licensed because the public’s safety is in their hands
Engineering Failures 2007 Minneapolis Bridge Collapse
US History of Building Codes Fires in the 1800 s prompted insurance companies to demand building codes for structures The Great Chicago Fire of 1871
Building Officials and Code Administration (BOCA) • • The first major model-code group Founded in 1915 Located in Country Club Hills, Illinois Codes were adopted predominantly in the north central and northeastern states
International Conference of Building Officials (ICBO) • Formed in 1922 • Located in Whittier, CA • First edition of the Uniform Building Code published in 1927 • Adopted by states west of the Mississippi River
Southern Building Code Conference • • Headquartered in Birmingham, Alabama Founded in 1940 Published the Southern Building Code Widely accepted in the southeast
International Code Council (ICC) • Uniform system of codes was necessary • Representatives from each of the code organizations formed the ICC in 1994 • First edition of the International Building Code published in 2000
ICC Codes • • International Residential Code (IRC) International Building Code (IBC) International Mechanical Code International Plumbing Code International Energy Conservation Code ICC Electrical Code Others
International Residential Code for One- and Two-Family Dwellings(IRC) • Addresses design and construction of one- and twofamily dwellings and townhomes • Local municipalities can adopt the IRC but may publish modifications • Modifications and specifications are generally published on the Internet for all to reference
International Residential Code • IRC applies to homes consisting of three stories, or less, above grade • Covers conventional residential construction • Covers all home components and systems • Structural systems • Thermal insulation • Mechanical systems • Plumbing systems • Electrical systems • Fuel gas systems • Fireplaces and chimneys
International Residential Code Chapter 3 – Building Planning Habitable Space: A space in a building for living, sleeping, eating, or cooking. Bathrooms, toilet rooms, closets, halls, storage or utility spaces, and similar areas are not considered habitable space.
International Residential Code Chapter 3 – Building Planning • Section R 303 – Light, Ventilation, and Heating • Section R 304 – Minimum Room Areas • Section R 310 – Emergency Escape and Rescue Openings • Section R 311 – Means of Egress
Introduction to Building Codes • • • Babylonian Code of Hammurabi Purpose of Building Codes Engineering Failures US History of Building Codes Building Officials and Code Administration International Conference of Building Officials Southern Building Code Conference International Code Council ICC Codes International Residential Code IRC – Chapter 3 – Building Planning
References International Code Council (n. d). Retrieved on March 21, 2012 at http: //www. iccsafe. org/Pages/default. aspx Hooker, R. The code of Hammurabi (1996). Retrieved March 21, 2012 at http: //www. wsu. edu/~dee/MESO/CODE. HTM International Code Council. 2009 international residential code (2009). United States: International Code Council, Inc.