- Slides: 1
Introduction The purpose of this research to examine some of the differences between interpretations provided by hearing interpreters and Deaf interpreters. The kinds of classifiers and their frequency of use were seek in Deaf and hearing interpretations in the medical settings. There are eight types of classifiers interpreters used (Zwitserlood, 2012, Aron, Liebman 2005). The research hypothesis is Deaf interpreters use classifiers more than hearing interpreters during interpreting in a medical setting. A Comparison of Deaf Interpreters and Hearing Interpreters in their Use of Classifiers When Interpreting Medical Content By Daniel Walters Because of these limitations, this data must be verified by further research. It may be that there are many differences in both the frequency and the type of classifiers used by Deaf interpreter as compared to hearing interpreters, but in this study there aren't enough videos that have team interpreters in a medical setting for comparison. This research indicates that at least in some samplings, the hearing interpreters and the Deaf interpreters use the same frequency of classifiers in their interpretations but may use different types of classifiers. If the research is replicated, it is recommended to use different topics in Deaf and hearing interpretations in different settings such as business, legal, education and government. Data Collection & Anaylsis Hearing Interpreters Deaf Interpreters Videotape #1 ASL Signs Classifiers Timecode: 0: 53 Timecode: 1: 02 TOUCH VAGINAL BPCL NAME TAG SCL SPECULUM DCL Timecode: 0: 42 Timecode: 1: 14 GIRL DCL Videotape #2 ASL Signs Classifiers Timecode: 0: 46 SNOWBALL ICL Timecode: 1: 26 LOOK++ PCL Timecode: 4: 19 TINY PILL DCL Timecode: 3: 56 VARIETY SCL Videotape #4 ASL Signs Classifiers Videotape #3 ASL Signs Classifiers Timecode: 0: 20 Timecode: 3: 09 ROOM STOMACH Timecode: 0: 27 Timecode: 3: 16 LCL ICL BOARD (PICTURE) ICL TUBE SOFT DCL Literature Review Hearing interpreters and Deaf interpreters use various classifiers which may help Deaf clients understand information more clearly. Classifier systems include various types of classifiers such as Descriptive Classifiers (DCL), Instrument Classifiers (ICL), Element Classifiers (ECL), Locative Classifiers (LCL), Semantic Classifiers (SCL), Body Classifiers (BCL), and Body Part Classifiers (BPCL) (Zwitserlood, 2012). Classifie rs Comparison in Use of Classifiers 0% 0% References ECL Aron, Liebman B. (2005). W ha t, W hen and Ho w to use ASL C lass ife rs Retrieved from http: //seattlecentral. edu/faculty/baron/Summer%20 Courses/A SL%20223/ASL 223 ASLClassifiers. htm Bienvenu, M. , & Colonomos, B. (1990). R e lay in te rpre ting in the ′ 9 0 s. Retrieved from http: //www. diinstitute. org/wpcontent/uploads/2012/07/Bienvenu. pdf Cokely, D. , & Winston, E. (2008, September). NC IEC phase I dea f c onsu m e r needs ass e s s m en t: F ina l repo rt. Retrieved from http: //www. interpretereducation. org/wpcontent/uploads/2011/06/Final. Phase. IDCReport. pdf Demers, H. (2005). The working interpreter. In T. Janzen (Ed. ), Top ics in s igned language in te rpre ting (pp. 203230). Philadelphia, PA: John Benjamins. Mathers, C. (2009). The deaf interpreting model. Inte rna tiona l Jou rna l o f Inte rpre te r Edu ca tion , 1, 68 -76. Retrieved from http: //www. diinstitute. org/wpcontent/uploads/2013/12/Mathers_Modifying_instruction_IJIE. pdf Moody, B. (2007). Literal vs. liberal: What is a faithful PCL BPCL Deaf Interpreter Hearing Interpreter ICL Deaf Interpreters 49% Hearing Interpreters 51% BCL SCL Methods For the purpose of analysis, three of videos of hearing interpreters and three of videos of Deaf interpreters in medical settings were used. The use of classifiers were identified in each video. Then the use of classifiers by hearing interpreters were compared with the use of classifiers by deaf interpreters LCL DCL 0 5 10 15 20 Conclusion 25 30 Discussion The data suggests that there are no significant differences between hearing and deaf interpreters in the frequency of classifier use. There are several limitations to this study. There are not many videos available of Deaf or of hearing interpreters in medical settings. There is only one source of Deaf interpreter and hearing interpreter in the video entitled Explaining GI Procedures: Interpretation. This video is a rehearsed interpretation, so it may not represent the interpreting occurring in a live or authentic setting. There are limited videos of Deaf interpreters and hearing interpreters' work on the same information and medical content. interpretation? The S ign Language Trans la to r and rpre te r, 1, 179 – 220. Retrieved from Inte http: //digitalcommons. unf. edu/cgi/ viewcontent. cgi? article=1004&context=joi Registry of Interpreters for the Deaf, Inc. (1997). S tanda rd prac tic e pape r: Inte rpre ting in Hea lth C are S e ttings. Retrieved from http: //www. gohdwd. org/wp/wpcontent/uploads/2010/09/RID-Interpreting-n-Health-Care- Settings. pd Registry of Interpreters for the Deaf, Inc. (1997). S tanda rd prac tic e pape r: Use o f a C e rtifi ed Dea f Inte rpre te r. Retrieved from http: //www. rid. org/about-interpreting/standard-practicepapers/ Ressler, C. (1999). A comparative analysis of a direct interpretation and an intermediary interpretation in American Sign Language. Jou rna l o f Inte rpre tation , 1999 , 71 -102. Retrieved from http: //www. diinstitute. org/wpcontent/uploads/2012/07/Ressler_19991. pdf Zwitserlood, I. (2012). Classifiers. In R. Pfau, M. Steinbach, & B. Woll (Eds. ), S ign Language : an Inte rna tiona l Handbook (pp. 158 -186). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.