International Symposium II on Higher Education in Agriculture

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International Symposium II on Higher Education in Agriculture and Environmental Sciences in Southern Sudan

International Symposium II on Higher Education in Agriculture and Environmental Sciences in Southern Sudan Juba, Southern Sudan March 11 -12, 2009 Catholic University of Sudan Office of International Research, Education, and Development, Virginia Tech

March 11 -12, 2009 Context of Symposium – Sustainable Agriculture and Natural Resource Management

March 11 -12, 2009 Context of Symposium – Sustainable Agriculture and Natural Resource Management (SANREM) Collaborative Research Support Program (CRSP) • • • Supplemental grant from USAID/Sudan to conduct a “needs assessment” for CUof. S. New circumstances/challenges for post-conflict higher education – New College (Faculty) of Agriculture and Environmental Science being formed (CUof. S) – Reestablishment of public universities in the South Opportunity for collaboration to examine a broad range of questions and the applied research question: – ‘What are the ‘best’ or optimum curricula and strategies to re-start higher education in agriculture and environmental sciences in postconflict countries? ’ Catholic University of Sudan Office of International Research, Education, and Development, Virginia Tech

March 11 -12, 2009 Symposium II Goals • Review progress to date • Present

March 11 -12, 2009 Symposium II Goals • Review progress to date • Present preliminary findings of the Higher Education in Agriculture Needs Assessment survey • Seek stakeholder view points and reactions to survey results and implications • Engage stakeholders in exploration of curricula needs • Reach consensus on general curricula needs and higher education strategies • Engage stakeholders in discussions of issues to be addressed to implement curricula improvements • Develop a practical consensus strategy to overcome obstacles to improve curricula adoption and implementation Catholic University of Sudan Office of International Research, Education, and Development, Virginia Tech

March 11 -12, 2009 Symposium Summary 1. Limited Needs Assessment has been concluded –

March 11 -12, 2009 Symposium Summary 1. Limited Needs Assessment has been concluded – – – Key Informant – 3 states Demonstrated magnitude of the education and training problem Results supplemented by detailed analysis of one state -Bahr el Ghazal Also input from symposium participants Survey conclusions… Catholic University of Sudan Office of International Research, Education, and Development, Virginia Tech

CONCLUSIONS from Survey • • • There is a serious shortage of skilled human

CONCLUSIONS from Survey • • • There is a serious shortage of skilled human resources in agriculture especially in the public services (a 72% shortfall). Many staff in the Ministry of Agriculture are near retirement, so the shortage will worsen. 10 year projection in the three States: 3, 000 more staff. Demand 50% higher if GOSS fulfills a promise of more financial and human resources for the “Payam and Boma” levels. How do we extrapolate to other 7 states? Women form only 2% of total classified staff in the three states. Overall in GOSS, educated women are only 10% of employees. There is very high desire for further training among the classified staff of State Ministries of Agriculture. Short term, there is need to diversify agricultural skills by agroecological zones at certificate and diploma levels. Longer term people with B. Scs will also be required. Catholic University of Sudan Office of International Research, Education, and Development, Virginia Tech

March 11 -12, 2009 Symposium Summary 2. Credentials for Diploma and Certificate programs in

March 11 -12, 2009 Symposium Summary 2. Credentials for Diploma and Certificate programs in flux and need clarification – Collaboration between Universities and Ministries of: • • Higher Education, Science, and Technology Public Service and Manpower Agriculture and Forestry Natural Resources and Fisheries – Provide standardization and transferability between levels 3. Priority Skills and knowledge of different academic levels (Matrix) Catholic University of Sudan Office of International Research, Education, and Development, Virginia Tech

March 11 -12, 2009 Symposium Summary Catholic University of Sudan Office of International Research,

March 11 -12, 2009 Symposium Summary Catholic University of Sudan Office of International Research, Education, and Development, Virginia Tech

March 11 -12, 2009 Symposium Summary 4. Curriculum – BSc – Post-conflict situation is

March 11 -12, 2009 Symposium Summary 4. Curriculum – BSc – Post-conflict situation is unique and requires different, but complementary short and long-term strategies Recognition that a 4 -year degree in general agriculture has an important role to play, at least in the short-term Specialization is provided in the 5 th year – – • – – – Practical experience for students essential in all years National and international models exist to build from University enterprises can strengthen curricula while also supplementing university resources • • – Quality should be internationally recognized/validated College farm production, processing and sales Specialized training, etc. Elements of Ag economics/business important for all students Catholic University of Sudan Office of International Research, Education, and Development, Virginia Tech

March 11 -12, 2009 Symposium Summary • General symposium conclusions – Symposium goals achieved

March 11 -12, 2009 Symposium Summary • General symposium conclusions – Symposium goals achieved – Collaboration of university and ministry participants extremely valuable and much appreciated – Detailed general agriculture and environmental sciences curriculum will be prepared and circulated for further comment – Curriculum will be revised accordingly – Means to support further collaboration will be sought • Higher Education for Development (HED)Competition Catholic University of Sudan Office of International Research, Education, and Development, Virginia Tech

March 11 -12, 2009 International Symposium II on Higher Education in Agriculture and Environmental

March 11 -12, 2009 International Symposium II on Higher Education in Agriculture and Environmental Sciences in Southern Sudan Questions or Comments? Catholic University of Sudan Office of International Research, Education, and Development, Virginia Tech

Rebuilding Higher Education in Agriculture to Support Food Security, Economic Growth, and Peace Efforts

Rebuilding Higher Education in Agriculture to Support Food Security, Economic Growth, and Peace Efforts in Post-Conflict Southern Sudan Africa-U. S. Higher Education Initiative Program Virginia State University of Juba Catholic University of Sudan Office of International Research, Education, and Development, Virginia Tech

Planning Grant Goal • Secure funding to facilitate development of a strategic plan/proposal to

Planning Grant Goal • Secure funding to facilitate development of a strategic plan/proposal to facilitate a long -term partnership between Virginia Tech and its US partners and Southern Sudan universities in the areas of agriculture, environment and natural resources Virginia State University of Juba Catholic University of Sudan Office of International Research, Education, and Development, Virginia Tech

HED Long-term Partnership Goals • Improve the capacity of African universities to address African

HED Long-term Partnership Goals • Improve the capacity of African universities to address African agricultural, environmental and natural resource management issues through faculty and institutional development. • Internationalize and increase US university capacity to address global development issues. Virginia State University of Juba Catholic University of Sudan Office of International Research, Education, and Development, Virginia Tech

Resources • Africa-USA Higher Education Initiative Planning Grants (20 grants - 300 applications) –

Resources • Africa-USA Higher Education Initiative Planning Grants (20 grants - 300 applications) – Funding for travel to Africa and US to develop partnership strategic plan and proposal • Africa-USA Higher Education Initiative Development Grants (tentative) – Funding for 10 to 15 year partnership – $1 to $3 million per year – Cannot be used for building construction Virginia State University of Juba Catholic University of Sudan Office of International Research, Education, and Development, Virginia Tech

Potential Development Grant Activities Examples: • Administrative capacity building • Graduate education for faculty

Potential Development Grant Activities Examples: • Administrative capacity building • Graduate education for faculty • Faculty, staff, and student exchanges • Staff development activities • Collaborative research and research capacity building • Collaborative extension activities and extension capacity building Virginia State University of Juba Catholic University of Sudan Office of International Research, Education, and Development, Virginia Tech

Potential Development Grant Activities Examples: • Distance learning activities between partners • Resources and

Potential Development Grant Activities Examples: • Distance learning activities between partners • Resources and equipment for distance learning • Faculty development activities to improve student learning • Modernization of laboratories and research farms • Small grants program for collaborative research and extension activities Virginia State University of Juba Catholic University of Sudan Office of International Research, Education, and Development, Virginia Tech

Strategic Plan Components 1. Identify key Southern Sudan agricultural and natural resource management development

Strategic Plan Components 1. Identify key Southern Sudan agricultural and natural resource management development needs and goals that Sudanese universities can contribute to achieving. We are jointly accomplishing this currently. 2. Identify Southern Sudan agricultural, environmental, and natural resources university development goals. 3. Develop objectives and strategies required to accomplish each development goal. Virginia State University of Juba Catholic University of Sudan Office of International Research, Education, and Development, Virginia Tech

Strategic Plan Components 4. Develop strategies that consider current capacity and identify additional capacity

Strategic Plan Components 4. Develop strategies that consider current capacity and identify additional capacity building, resources, potential collaborators/supports, tasks, responsible parties, and timelines required to achieve each goal. 5. Propose management/governance structures and roles and responsibilities of key partners in the proposed long-term capacity building program. Virginia State University of Juba Catholic University of Sudan Office of International Research, Education, and Development, Virginia Tech

Timeline • Planning grant awards: March 2009 • Planning grant period: June-Nov. 2009 •

Timeline • Planning grant awards: March 2009 • Planning grant period: June-Nov. 2009 • Strategic plan development with or without planning grant. • Strategic plans/final reports due: Dec. 2009 • Call for proposals for Africa-USA Higher Education Initiative Development Grants: ? Virginia State University of Juba Catholic University of Sudan Office of International Research, Education, and Development, Virginia Tech

Our Comparative Advantages • Current project defining development issues. • We have developing partnerships.

Our Comparative Advantages • Current project defining development issues. • We have developing partnerships. • Southern Sudan seems to be supportive of the US Land Grant Model (integrated teachingresearch-extension approach), which the US would like to export. • Southern Sudan has the opportunity to pick its own development models/pathways because it is just developing institutions and approaches. • USAID appears to be supportive. • Southern Sudan is an important US partner. Virginia State University of Juba Catholic University of Sudan Office of International Research, Education, and Development, Virginia Tech

March 11 -12, 2009 International Symposium II on Higher Education in Agriculture and Environmental

March 11 -12, 2009 International Symposium II on Higher Education in Agriculture and Environmental Sciences in Southern Sudan Questions or Comments? Catholic University of Sudan Office of International Research, Education, and Development, Virginia Tech