- Slides: 12
Infinitive Phrases IT’S ALL UP TO “TO”
Infinitive form of a verb that (generally) appears with the word TO in front of it, ACTS like a noun, adjective or adverb in the sentence To be or not to be, that is the question. To err is human. To forgive is divine.
Infinitive as “Nouns” How is the infinitive functioning in each sentence? To understand life requires maturity and acceptance. To skate on the ice is not easy. The peasants decided to rebel. The soldier’s only hope was to surrender. You have only one choice, to stay.
Infinitive as Modifiers Is the infinitive functioning as an adj. or an adv. ? What word is it modifying? The children showed a willingness to cooperate. The wood is hard to saw rapidly or with precision. Please help me to leave this place now!
Prepositional Phrase or Infinitive? Prepositional phrase the word “to” is always followed by a noun or noun phrase Infinitive the word “to” is always followed by a verb
Prepositional Phrase or Infinitive? 1. The soldier listened to the command. 2. A general’s role in the army is to command. 3. We took the computer to the back of the room. 4. Make sure to back up your computer so you won’t lose data.
Infinitive Phrases Just like gerunds and participles, infinitives can be combined with modifiers into infinitive phrases Consider the whole phrase when determining the function of the phrase in the sentence.
Infinitive Phrases 1. Jeffrey’s family likes to eat early. 2. To skate on the ice is not easy. 3. He hated to leave New York City. 4. They promised to show us the pictures from their trip.
Weird Infinitives Sometimes infinitives do not include the word “to”. If an infinitive follows one of the following words, the to is generally omitted. dare hear help let make see please watch She doesn’t dare go without permission. Help me leave this place now. John helped Sam extinguish the fire.
Identify the Infinitive Phrases 1. I need to get some sleep. 2. To sleep late on Saturday is impossible in my house. 3. To win the championship was our only desire. 4. Would you like to ride bikes? 5. He had a research report to write. 6. To read one book a month is my goal. 7. I want her to determine her own goals. What is the function of the IP in each sentence?
Find the infinitive. Place “to” on an angled line. Add the verb on a horizontal line next to it. Diagram remaining parts of the phrase as you would in any sentence. Draw a forked line to connect your infinitive phrase to the rest of your sentence. Add modifiers as needed. Diagramming Infinitive Phrases
I can haz grammar!