Industrial Revolution Before the Industrial Revolution 1700 s

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Industrial Revolution

Industrial Revolution

Before the Industrial Revolution � 1700 s - People made their own clothing, etc.

Before the Industrial Revolution � 1700 s - People made their own clothing, etc. �Skilled artisans handmade goods �Artisans could not keep up with growing demand

The Industrial Revolution Industry - commercial activity/manufacturing Revolution - radical change in society �So

The Industrial Revolution Industry - commercial activity/manufacturing Revolution - radical change in society �So the Industrial Revolution was…the period of rapid grown in the use of machines in manufacturing

Textiles were the 1 st industry impacted Textiles - Cloth Spinning Jenny Water Frame

Textiles were the 1 st industry impacted Textiles - Cloth Spinning Jenny Water Frame

Beginnings of the Industrial Revolution �Began in England �Skilled mechanics were not allowed to

Beginnings of the Industrial Revolution �Began in England �Skilled mechanics were not allowed to leave Skilled mechanic

So how did it spread to the U. S? �Samuel Slater – Escaped England

So how did it spread to the U. S? �Samuel Slater – Escaped England �Introduced new textile machines to the U. S

Why did it spread ? Early 19 th century events led to the growth

Why did it spread ? Early 19 th century events led to the growth of American manufacturing Embargo of 1807 War of 1812

What makes it Industrial?

What makes it Industrial?

MASS PRODUCTION �Large number of identical goods

MASS PRODUCTION �Large number of identical goods

Interchangeable Parts �Eli Whitney’s idea �Each product made exactly the same

Interchangeable Parts �Eli Whitney’s idea �Each product made exactly the same

The Rhode Island System �Entire families hired- children would get easier jobs

The Rhode Island System �Entire families hired- children would get easier jobs

Lowell System �Francis Cabot Lowell - produced thread and cloth under one roof �

Lowell System �Francis Cabot Lowell - produced thread and cloth under one roof � Hired young, unmarried women

Protecting the rights of workers � 1830 s and 40 s unions began to

Protecting the rights of workers � 1830 s and 40 s unions began to form �Organization of artisans in a particular trade �Strikes-refused to work until their demands were met