Indirect Object Pronouns Indirect and direct objects Some

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Indirect Object Pronouns

Indirect Object Pronouns

Indirect and direct objects Some sentences in Spanish (and in English) can have 2

Indirect and direct objects Some sentences in Spanish (and in English) can have 2 objects, a direct object and an indirect one. These sentences involve actions such as: giving something to someone, buying something for someone, saying something to someone etc. There is both a “something” and a “someone” as objects of the verb/action.

�An indirect object describes to whom or for whom an action is done. �Indirect

�An indirect object describes to whom or for whom an action is done. �Indirect objects are almost always people and include the personal a. � Yo ◦ doy los libros a los estudiantes. (direct object) (indirect object)

¿Cuáles objetos son indirectos? �Escribo �Los niños compran flores a su abuelo. �Tienes �Mi

¿Cuáles objetos son indirectos? �Escribo �Los niños compran flores a su abuelo. �Tienes �Mi un e-mail a mi madre. que decir la verdad a los niños. novio da un beso a mí.

Indirect objects as pronouns �An indirect object usually appears in a sentence as an

Indirect objects as pronouns �An indirect object usually appears in a sentence as an indirect object pronoun: �Me �Te �Le �Nos �Les (to, for) me (to, for) you (to, for) him, her, you (to, for) us (to, for) them, you

�Indirect object pronouns are similar to direct object pronouns, except “le, ” is used

�Indirect object pronouns are similar to direct object pronouns, except “le, ” is used instead of “lo, la” and “les” is used instead of “los, las” �Indirect object pronouns are often placed in front of the conjugated verb: �¿Quién te escribió esa carta. �Mi padre me escribió esa carta.

�When you have two verbs together you can put the indirect object pronoun either

�When you have two verbs together you can put the indirect object pronoun either before the first or after the second: �Mi papá le está escribiendo una carta a Alberto. �Mi papá está escribiéndole una carta a Alberto.

Le and Les �Because “le” and “les” can mean “to you, to him, to

Le and Les �Because “le” and “les” can mean “to you, to him, to her, to them or to you guys” an indirect object noun (personal a + person) is usually added after the direct object or before the indirect object pronoun to clarify. �Le doy un beso a Alberto, pero no le doy un beso a Carlos porque no me gusta.

Common 2 object verbs: �Dar to give (someone sthg) �Servir to serve (someone sthg)

Common 2 object verbs: �Dar to give (someone sthg) �Servir to serve (someone sthg) �Comprar to buy (someone sthg) �Mandar/enviar to send (s. o. sthg. ) �Escribir to write (s. o. sthg) �Traer to bring (s. o. sthg) �Decir to tell (s. o. sthg. ) �Pedir to ask for (sthg. from s. o. ) �Hacer to make (sthg from s. o. )

Práctica: re-write each sentence and include the indirect object. �Hago albóndigas (a ti) �Yo

Práctica: re-write each sentence and include the indirect object. �Hago albóndigas (a ti) �Yo di un beso (a mi novio) �Elena compró flores (a su madre) �Tú mandaste un e-mail (a nosotros) �Vamos a traer desayuno (a ustedes) �Él dice la verdad (a mi) �Ellos dan cinco dólares (a los niños)