INDIGENOUS TECHNOLOGIES VS USE OF PESTICIDE AS TOOLS

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INDIGENOUS TECHNOLOGIES VS. USE OF PESTICIDE AS TOOLS FOR PLANT PROTECTION IN AGRICULTURE PREPARED

INDIGENOUS TECHNOLOGIES VS. USE OF PESTICIDE AS TOOLS FOR PLANT PROTECTION IN AGRICULTURE PREPARED BY Arpit Kumar Mishra M. SC(Ag) Entomology prev. year

 OUTLINE �INTRODUCTION �CONSUMPTION PATTERN �COMPARISION �SUCCESSFULL EXAMPLES OF INDIGENOUS TECHNOLOGY �MERITS AND DEMERITS

OUTLINE �INTRODUCTION �CONSUMPTION PATTERN �COMPARISION �SUCCESSFULL EXAMPLES OF INDIGENOUS TECHNOLOGY �MERITS AND DEMERITS �PESTICIDES �CONCLUSION

INTRODUCTION INDIGENOUS TECHNOLOGY: Indigenous is associated with people originating or developing naturally in a

INTRODUCTION INDIGENOUS TECHNOLOGY: Indigenous is associated with people originating or developing naturally in a particular land, region, or environment. So the technology evolved by indigenous people are indigenous technology.

PESTICIDES : Pesticides a re substances that are meant to control pests or weeds.

PESTICIDES : Pesticides a re substances that are meant to control pests or weeds. In general, a pesticide is a chemical or biological agent (such as a virus, bacterium, antimicrobial, or disinfectant) that deters, incapacitates, kills, or otherwise discourages pests.

Consumption pattern of pesticides

Consumption pattern of pesticides

COMPARISION INDIGENOUS TECHNOLOGY �ANCIENT BASED TECHNOLOGY �ECO-FRIENDLY �BALANCE BETWEEN ENVIRONMENT &LIVELIHOOD �DIVERSIFICATION OF FARMING

COMPARISION INDIGENOUS TECHNOLOGY �ANCIENT BASED TECHNOLOGY �ECO-FRIENDLY �BALANCE BETWEEN ENVIRONMENT &LIVELIHOOD �DIVERSIFICATION OF FARMING �BASED ON LEIA (LOW EXTERNAL INPUT AGRICULTURE) PESTICIDES �MODERN BASED TECHNOLOGY �NON ECO-FRIENDLY �GREAT DAMAGE TO THE ENVIRONMENT &LIVELIHOOD �LACK OF DIVERSITY IN THE FARMING SYSTEM �BASED ON HIEA ( HIGH EXTERNAL INPUT AGRICULTURE )

SUCCESFUL EXAMPLE OF INDIGENOUS TECHNOLOGIES � Cultivating the plant (Semecarpus anacardium) around fields/orchards helps

SUCCESFUL EXAMPLE OF INDIGENOUS TECHNOLOGIES � Cultivating the plant (Semecarpus anacardium) around fields/orchards helps in warding off termites. � It has also been suggested to treat growing plants by coating with sesame (Sesamum indicum) oil cake so that insects could be kept away from attacking them. � A mixture of milk water + kunapajala + smoking with ghee (due to which acrolein is produced) has been used as a sprinkling agent for plant protection.

MERITS OF INDIGENOUS TECHNOLOGY Ø Low cost approaches. Ø Save ecologial system and bio

MERITS OF INDIGENOUS TECHNOLOGY Ø Low cost approaches. Ø Save ecologial system and bio diversity. Ø It is based on human experiences on mass scale, dynamic and changing. Ø Highest possible adaptability to local culture and environment and put greater weightage on minimizing risks rather than maximizing profit. Ø Indigenous apporaches were based on the local availability of material and human resources to ensure minimal livelihoods for local people.

DEMERITS: �Lack of participatory approach. �Take more time to control of pest. �Lack of

DEMERITS: �Lack of participatory approach. �Take more time to control of pest. �Lack of Indegenous Technology knowledge. �Low output profit. �Lack of labours. �The unavailibility of organic resources.

MERITS OF PESTICIDES: �Cost Effectiveness : Pesticides are inexpensive to buy and producing good

MERITS OF PESTICIDES: �Cost Effectiveness : Pesticides are inexpensive to buy and producing good results without costing a lot of money. �Greater yields : It helps in increasing the yield and productivity of crop plants in the field by controlling pests population. �Effective and rapid : Pesticides works better and faster than other alternatives. �Increase food supplies : Pesticides helps to reduce food losses and ensures adequate food supply and increases food production. �Flexibility : The method of using pesticides is easy and flexible to use.

DEMERITS � Reduction of beneficial species : The chemicals used in pesticides are slightly

DEMERITS � Reduction of beneficial species : The chemicals used in pesticides are slightly harmful and kills beneficial species of interest and reduces their population. � Kill natural pest enemies : Sometimes pesticides may also eleminates natural enemies of pests such as predators and parasites, leads to increase in population of pests. � Resistance : Promotes genetic resistance. � Poisoning hazards : The pesticides used are hazardous and poisonous which may have toxic effect on infants, childrens and adults if they comes in contact with the body. � Drift of sprays and Vapour : It can drift outside of the area of where was sprayed. � Pollutes the environment : The chemicals used in pesticides may released in air, water and soil easily and pollutes the environment.

 FUTURE PROSPECT OF USING INDIGENOUS TECHNOLOGY � It is the basis for local-level

FUTURE PROSPECT OF USING INDIGENOUS TECHNOLOGY � It is the basis for local-level decision in agriculture, health care, food production, education, natural resource management and a host of their activities in rural communities. � It provides useful clue for planning projects for conservation of sustainable uses of natural resources, indigenous health practices etc. � Awareness is growing about the use of indigenous knowledge in development initiatives that could bring long-term benefits, richly complementing and enhancing the contributions of modern inventions. � Therefore there is a need to enmesh these practices for promoting sustainable development & Indigenous technology of agriculture.

Conclusion �Formal pest and disease management knowledge and ecological knowledge derived through hypotheticodeductive method

Conclusion �Formal pest and disease management knowledge and ecological knowledge derived through hypotheticodeductive method whereas indigenous pest management knowledge and traditional ecological knowledge. � Although indigenous pest and disease management knowledge fitted well in the age-old land use system, yet need thorough validation in view of changing agricultural.

 THANK YOU

THANK YOU