- Slides: 55
INCIDENT SAFETY OFFICER
INCIDENT SAFETY OFFICER LEARNING OUTCOMES • Describe what on ISO is and their role at training sessions and emergency scenes • Discuss legislation and standards that apply to the ISO • Discuss and describe authority of an ISO • List and describe specific functions of the ISO during training • Demo required documentation to be used during training sessions by the ISO and Training Division
INCIDENT SAFETY OFFICER An ISO is a member of the command and/or training staff responsible for monitoring and assessing safety hazards or unsafe situations. ISO’s develop measures for ensuring FF safety.
INCIDENT SAFETY OFFICER Fire fighting is a dangerous job. Injuries and death will never stop, however the risks can be reduced. An ISO can reduce this chance and help protect firefighters. THERE WILL ALWAYS BE RISKS WHEN PERFORMING FIREFIGHTING DUTIES
INCIDENT SAFETY OFFICER RISKS DURING TRAINING THERE IS NO LEVEL OF ACCEPTABLE RISK DURING TRAINING SESSIONS INJURIES AND FATALITIES DURING TRAINING ARE 100% UNACCEPTABLE
Benefits of the Incident Safety Officer • Diminishes accident potential and enhances safety culture • Minimizes time lost due to injuries • Helps protect against liability • Maximizes Incident Commander focus • Instills safety-consciousness in the Firefighters themselves • Enhances efficiency and effectiveness
Who Will Benefit From This Course? • Chief Officers responding to incidents • Officers serving as IC • Designated ISO’s • Health & Safety Officers • Company Officers • Anyone wishing to become above
Firefighter Death and Injury Rates • Annual death rates still too high – • Approx 50% of injuries occur at emergency scenes or en route • 50% of these are soft tissue • Sprains and Strains top the list • Structural Collapse, Falls, Training
RECENT EVENTS 2008 - 2010 According to Ministry Of Labour 20 Critical Injuries 3 Fatalities So Far 1 FF Fatality in 2012
Recent Events Critical FF Injury Meaford OFC was asked by Ministry of Labour to provide records and lesson plans – Training was ongoing and documented – Missing Lesson Plans Fatal FF Accident Point Edward • OFC / Ministry of Labour Review – Standards in Ontario – Best Practices (NFPA) – Section 21 Guidance Notes • 2 -2 – Buddy System • 2 -4 – Incident Safety Officer • 5 -1 - Accountability • 7 -1 – H&S During Training • 7 -3 - Documentation
Regulatory Compliance • OHSA/OSHA • • Guidance Notes ( #2 – • 4 (32) • Related regulations • • NFPA 1500 (set in 1987) • NFPA 1561 ( SCENE REHAB ) NFPA 1521 ( seperates the HSO and ISO ) NFPA 1582/1584 ( Rehab & Documentation ) Dept. policy & SOG’s
Guidance Note 2 -4 • Incident Safety Officer – Who can be an ISO? • Any member of the department who has the knowledge, training and experience • Must be formal and identified – When do we need and ISO? • SOG’s should establish – however industry best practices play a role in this determination • Emergency Scene • Training
Guidance Note 7 -1 • H&S During Training – External Agencies – Assume something will go wrong and plan for it – A PLAN FOR EVERY TRAINING EXERCISE • Applies to internal and external training activities – Fire Chief or designate must sign off on training plan
Guidance Note 7 -3 • Training Documentation – MOL WILL REQUIRE YOU TO PRODUCE TRAINING RECORDS • Training records include – – Lesson Plans Training Plans Individual Records Stored and available for review
NFPA 1521 This standard describes the role of an ISO as well as the authority given to the ISO An ISO has the authority to HALT ALTER SUSPEND
HALT, ALTER, SUSPEND • Soft Intervention : make crews and command staff aware that a hazard or potential for injury exists • Firm Intervention : immediately halt, alter or suspend an action or operation due to an imminent threat. THIS IS AN OFFICIAL ORDER • Imminent Threat : an activity or condition or action that will most likely lead to injury or death.
Ontario Standards and NFPA • Ontario Standards will be looked to and fire departments will be held to that standard as a minimum. • Does the investigation end there? – NO – MOL will look to NFPA as the recognized industry leader and best practices – They are not enforceable prior to an accident but are used as a model after an accident
ISO Course Goal Helping You To Make a Difference
Baseline Values of the ISO • Injuries aren’t a natural part of Firefighting • Human Resources shouldn’t be “thrown” at a fire • Standards try to keep us from making the same mistake again • The ultimate GOAL is to INSTILL safe behaviors in ALL firefighters
Risk Management • Risk : A chance of damage, injury, or loss • Risk management: process of minimizing the – chance – degree or – probability of damage, loss or injury
Classic Risk Management 5 step process • • • Hazard identification Hazard evaluation Prioritize hazards Control hazards Monitor hazards Alternate intervention if required
Monitor Hazards • Is control working? • Revisit hazards • Re-evaluate – conditions – operations – environment • Prioritize hazards • Develop safety plans co and countermeasures
Alternate Interventions • • Is control working? How bad can it get? What has changed? Getting better or worse? Other solutions? Benefit worth the risk? Have all reasonable precautions been taken?
Significant Loss: Potential to Save Lives
Inherent Risks: Protect Property
No Possibility to Save Lives or Property
ISO As Risk Manager • ISO identifies hazards • Provides an assessment of hazards for IC • Provides solutions to the IC • Develops credibility • Minimizes potential for loss • Makes a difference
Group Exercise 1: Hazard Identification Hand Out slides for group work, 10 min. review as class with the slides displayed
1. Group Observations • Look at the following slides • Discuss the hazards present; – the severity of the hazard – the potential for an injury – Potential hazards to emergency responders – Alter, Suspend, Terminate
Command Dysfunction Did he say he wanted water? Over there! I think we should just do it our way! How many guys do we need? How many do we have ?
Command Dysfunction NIOSH reports continue to uncover cases of COMMAND DYSFUNCTION as a contributing factor to firefighter fatalities. It is IMPAIRATIVE that the ISO understands what equates to IMS Dysfunction and proactively eliminate this potential.
Command Dysfunction Classic Signs of IMS Dysfunction: • Incomplete/Missed Communications • Use of Readiness Unit numbers versus IMS Common Terminology (“ 612” vs. “Fire Attack Group”) • Span of Control too wide • Two “Commanders”
Command Dysfunction • No apparent Action Plan • Crew/Individual Freelancing • Failure to declare/communicate a “Risk Mode” • Inadequate resources for the “plan” • Others?
Obtain a Briefing w/Command • The ISO MUST know: 1. Situation Status 2. Resource Status 3. Known Hazards 4. The RISK MODE the IC has adopted
Communicate Concerns to IC
ISO Effectiveness Triggers and Traps
Triggers and Traps Triggers – Those things the ISO can do to help instill safe operations. Traps – General approaches that will render the ISO ineffective.
TRIGGERS to Safe Operations BE VISIBLE – Display the word “Safety” like a banner
Triggers to Safe Operations: Lead by Example Lead by example “Walk the talk”
TRIGGERS to Safe Operations l SOFT Intervention l l Advice, Sharing observations, Humor, etc. FIRM Intervention l l Alter, Suspend or terminate operations Stern Advisories.
TRAPS to Avoid The “Bunker Cop” Syndrome
TRAPS to Avoid The “CYA” Mode
TRAPS to Avoid The “Worker”
Traps to Avoid “Killing the Messenger” mode
Your Goal: Be a Valuable Consultant • Present tangible - well articulated hazard observations • Don’t subvert IC • Offer solutions and contingencies credibility! • Regular contact - face to face
END QUESTIONS? COMMENTS?