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In your Interactive Notebook: Unit 2 - Lesson 5 American Foreign Policy ON YOUR DESK: 1)lap tops / google doc LESSON ESSENTIAL QUESTION: ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY for lesson: • Cabinet, Secretary of State, Foreign policy, commander in chief, War Powers Act, department of defense • ambassador, treaty, foreign aid, embargo, • Central Intelligence Agency, NATO, NAFTA Warm Up: – How/why do things that happen in other parts of the world impact the United States? – Who do you believe has more power: Congress or the Executive Branch? Provide examples to explain why. – “Controversial” issues are things that people have strong feelings about and often disagree about. What are some examples of controversial issues. What are some things you disagree with your friends or parents about?
In your Interactive Notebook: Unit 2 - Lesson 5 American Foreign Policy 1. Lesson 5 Performance Task: Evaluate a current foreign policy conflict and make a recommendation to the President. – Should the U. S. provide weapons & military support to Ukraine in defense against Russia & Russian separatists? – Is the Obama administration correct to end the embargo on Cuba? – Is Speaker Boehner wrong to invite Prime Minister Netanyahu to address congress without President Obama’s approval? • Class Website: – www. mrggcivivcs. weebly. com DEADLINES & HOMEWORK: • • Test Corrections: By Wed 2/18 Performance Task Deadlines: – – • Lessson 2: Today (start of class) Lesson 3: Today (End of class) Lesson 4: Due Now Lesson 5: Due tomorrow Vocab Quizzes – Lesson 2 – Lessons 3 -5: Today/tomorrow – Lessons 6 -7: ______ • Unit 2 A Test: 3 classes from now
Domestic & Foreign Policy • Domestic policy – deals with social and economic issues within the U. S. • Foreign policy – how the government deals with other countries around the world – – Foreign aid Trade relationships Human rights War & national defense
U. S. Foreign Policy • Foreign policy is our nations actions, words, and beliefs towards other countries
Goals of American Foreign Policy 1. National security – Keep America & Americans safe 2. Support economic growth in the U. S. and around the world – Most of our foreign policy boils down to economics & national security 3. Encourage other nations to protect basic human rights 4. Support American values, such as democracy and freedom
Who makes foreign policy? • The President – Meets with foreign leaders – Negotiates treaties • Works through: – Secretary of State – Ambassadors – represent American interests in other countries (picked by the President)
Foreign Aid • Help or assistance provided by the United States to other nations – Goals of foreign aid are: • to create friendships and alliances • To help meet strategic national security goals
Foreign Aid • Providing money to other nations for: – Humanitarian reasons (food aid, public health funding, providing $$ for medicines, etc. ) – Military aid – providing weapons to countries we want to strengthen militarily – Economic development – providing money for projects that will ultimately benefit american companies and trade relationships • Building roads, bridges, clean water projects, etc.
U. S. Military • President is the commander in chief of the Armed Forces • Main military goals: – Protect American interests overseas – Keep other countries from challenging our power – Enforce human rights or international agreements
Military Organization • Department of Defense – Chuck Hagel is currently nominated as Secretary of Defense – Army – Navy – Air Force – Marines
Treaties • Formal agreements between countries that create international laws alliances – Negotiated/Signed by the President – Ratified by 2/3 of the Senate • EXAMPLES: – NATO – North Atlantic Treaty Organization • If one country is attacked, all the others will defend it – NAFTA – North American Free Trade Agreement • Elimination of trade barriers between U. S. , Canada, Mexico – United Nations – sort of like a global congress • nearly every country is a member – Kyoto Protocol – International environmental agreement; Senate has not ratified it
Trade as a Policy Tool • Money talks – we live in a global economy where all nations trade with each other. – Cutting a nation off from trade can really hurt their economy – An EMBARGO is when we stop trading with a nation because we want them to change their behavior • Also called “economic sanctions”
Trade Policy Example • we say we want China to be better about Human Rights, but we still trade with them. – Are they likely to take us seriously on human rights?
Influences on Foreign Policy • Political factors: – What kind of government does another country have? Are they democratic? A dictatorship? • Does the country have a bad human rights record? • Military factors: do they let us have military bases there?
What influences foreign policy? • Economic Factors: – What resources does the country have? • Do we want those resources? • If they have Oil, how can we get it? – Is the nation industrialized or developing? • Strong or weak economy? • Large or small economy?
So the Prez is commander in chief… • But Congress declares war? ? 1941: World War II – Congress has not declared war since ______ – But…we’ve fought in Korea, Vietnam, Panama, Grenada, Bosnia, Iraq, Afghanistan, Iraq, & now Iraq again… • Presidents have assumed the authority as commander in chief to act quickly to protect American interests without consulting congress • 1973 War Powers Resolution – Allows President to send troops abroad without declaration of war as long as Congress is notified within 48 hours – Requires that troops come home within 90 days if Congress, by that point, has not authorized the use of force
Flip your notes over… • Complete the Activity on the Back • THEN: – I will read a scenario. – You tell me whether it is an example of: • Military • Foreign aid • Treaty
Current Conflicts in Foreign Affairs • Review Performance Task for this Lesson: – You must: 1. Research a current conflict in foreign policy 2. Evaluate various policy options 3. Write a memo to the President explaining the pros and cons of each option, and making a policy recommendation. • Next slides provides brief overview of current conflicts – Links to further information on each is on class website
Current foreign Policy Conflicts 1. Should the U. S. provide weapons and training to the Ukrainian government to help them defend themselves against Russia? 2. Is the Obama administration right to end the embargo on Cuba? 3. Should Congress grant President Obama’s use of force request against ISIL in Syria & Iraq? 4. Is Speaker Boehner right or wrong to invite Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu to speak to congress without Obama’s approval?
Current event links (go beyond recommended links!!) • Support for Ukraine • ISIL use of force request – http: //goo. gl/if. UBx 3 – http: //goo. gl/g 2 r. Z 3 X – http: //goo. gl/pgrdw. Y – http: //goo. gl/6 G 56 AL • Ending the embargo on Cuba – http: //goo. gl/1 w 4 s. P 9 – http: //goo. gl/Qs 5 Ehb – http: //goo. gl/2 V 05 SB • Boehner’s invitation to Netanyahu – http: //goo. gl/s. SDRx 6 – http: //goo. gl/VWDDeh – http: //goo. gl/c. Tnse 2
In your Interactive Notebook: Unit 2 Day 5 American Foreign Policy Complete your vocab • cards for Day 5 & use them for quick review. END OF CLASS QUIZ: 1. Give an example of foreign policy 2. Give an example of domestic policy 3. What is one risk to providing military aid?
Influences on Domestic Policy • Politics – – What will be popular & get me re-elected? – What can pass congress and get signed by the president? • Values – What do I believe in? • Economics – What can the nation afford to do?
The Federal Budget (DOMESTIC) • Revenues – income for the government – Income Tax – Other taxes • Expenditures – costs of government – Things the government pays for
Why does the government have taxes? • All government money comes from taxes – – – Government functions Military Schools Roads Health care Anything public
Day 28 Quiz - Continued 6. To win the presidency, a candidate must receive ____ electoral votes. 7. There are 15 _______ departments that help the President run the country. The president names someone to lead each one, but the Senate must confirm the nominee. 8. An example of the constitutional principle of _____ and ____ is that the President appoints all Federal Judges, but the Senate can confirm or reject the appointments. 9. The U. S. ______ to Germany lives there and represents American interests. 10. Presidents can negotiate ______ with foreign countries, but they must be ratified by the Senate.
Day 27 Quiz 1. _____ are formal agreements with other countries. 2. Tax rates, social security, and infrastructure plans are all examples of _____ policy. 3. The president sends _______ to represents U. S. interests in another country. These people also provide information about that country to the State Department. 4. American ______ policy towards a country is based on factors such as politics, resources, economics, and strategic interests. 5. The President receives intelligence briefings every day with top secret information provided by the ____, the U. S. spy agency.
Day 27 Quiz - Continued 6. The _______ and ____ Administration is the government agency responsible for making sure that the food we eat is safe. 7. Richard Nixon resigned the presidency after the watergate scandal, but was never punished because he received a ______ from President Ford. 8. The President has the power to _______ judges and other top officials, but they then must be confirmed by the Senate. 9. The ____ casts the deciding vote in the Senate if there is a 50 -50 tie. 10. The Attorney General is the top official at the Department of ______.