Imperialism in Africa Africa Prior to 1850 European

  • Slides: 21
Download presentation
Imperialism in Africa

Imperialism in Africa

Africa Prior to 1850 � � � European exploration limited to coastal areas Only

Africa Prior to 1850 � � � European exploration limited to coastal areas Only 4 European nations had the resources to set up colonies The rest of Africa remained unexplored & unexploited until late 19 th century

Stanley & Livingstone � � � 1869 Henry Stanley, news reporter for the New

Stanley & Livingstone � � � 1869 Henry Stanley, news reporter for the New York Herald, went in search of Dr. David Livingstone, a missionary presumed lost in the Congo. 1871 “Dr. Livingstone, I presume? ” Looking at the images, what were their goals for

King Leopold II, Stanley & the Congo � � Leopold II is the Belgian

King Leopold II, Stanley & the Congo � � Leopold II is the Belgian king and he sends Reporter Henry Stanley to explore Congo river in Central Africa Stanley reports a large number of natural resources: rubber, ivory & gold

King Leopold and the Congo � � � 1885 Leopold declares Congo Free State

King Leopold and the Congo � � � 1885 Leopold declares Congo Free State his personal fiefdom Area is as large as Europe Uses resources for personal gain as well as increasing Belgium’s wealth

Impact of Natural Resources � � � 1887, Scottish Surgeon J. B. Dunlop uses

Impact of Natural Resources � � � 1887, Scottish Surgeon J. B. Dunlop uses inflatable rubber tubes for bicycle tires Demand for rubber skyrockets Use of rubber for tires on motor cars increases demand further Leopold issues a decree giving him monopoly on rubber & ivory trade Forces natives to

Extreme Consequences � � � Whole villages were burned to the ground Children were

Extreme Consequences � � � Whole villages were burned to the ground Children were murdered/beaten in front of parents Children who were not killed had their hands cut off.

KING LEOPOLD’S GHOST � � � Ruled Congo 18851908 During his reign 610 million

KING LEOPOLD’S GHOST � � � Ruled Congo 18851908 During his reign 610 million Congolese natives lost their lives One of World’s first genocides or “ethnic killings. ”

“From Cape to Cairo”

“From Cape to Cairo”

Cecil Rhodes � � Arrived in South Africa in 1870 Turned to diamond and

Cecil Rhodes � � Arrived in South Africa in 1870 Turned to diamond and gold mining & by 40 he was one the richest men in the world Colony named after him: Rhodesia (Zimbabwe) Founded De Beers

Cecil Rhodes 1877 � “I contend that we {The Britons} are the first race

Cecil Rhodes 1877 � “I contend that we {The Britons} are the first race in the world and that the more of the world we inhabit the better it is for the human race…It is our duty to seize every opportunity of acquiring more territory and more territory means more of the Anglo race, more of the best, the most human, most honorable race the world possesses…We must find new lands from which we can easily obtain raw materials and at the same time exploit the cheap slave labor that is available from the natives of the colonies…The native is to be treated as a child…. We must adopt a system of despotism in our relations with the barbarians of Africa. "

Analysis of Cecil Rhodes Quote “I contend that we {The Britons} are the first

Analysis of Cecil Rhodes Quote “I contend that we {The Britons} are the first race in the world and that the more of the world we inhabit the better it is for the human race…” � How does Rhodes justify imperialism? Is this a political, economic or social justification? �

Analysis of Cecil Rhodes Quote “We must find new lands from which we can

Analysis of Cecil Rhodes Quote “We must find new lands from which we can easily obtain raw materials and at the same time exploit the cheap slave labor that is available from the natives of the colonies…” � How does Rhodes justify imperialism? Is this a political, economic or social justification? �

Analysis of Cecil Rhodes Quote � � “We must adopt a system of despotism

Analysis of Cecil Rhodes Quote � � “We must adopt a system of despotism in our relations with the barbarians of Africa. " How does Rhodes justify imperialism? Is this a political, economic or social justification?

� � � Born in British India in 1865, Rudyard Kipling was educated in

� � � Born in British India in 1865, Rudyard Kipling was educated in England before returning to India in 1882 1890 he had published in English about 80 stories and ballads previously unknown outside India. As a result of financial misfortune, from 1892 -96 he and his wife, the daughter of an American publisher, lived in Vermont, where he wrote the two Jungle Books. Rudyard Kipling � After returning to England, he published "The White Man's Burden" in 1899, an appeal to the United States to assume the task of developing the Philippines, recently won in the Spanish-American War.

White Man’s Burden : What is the Point? � Take up the White Man's

White Man’s Burden : What is the Point? � Take up the White Man's burden-Send forth the best ye breed-Go bind your sons to exile To serve your captives' need; To wait in heavy harness, On fluttered folk and wild. Your new-caught, sullen peoples, Half-devil and half-child � Take up the White Man’s burden. The savage wars of peace Fill the mouth of Famine And bid the sickness cease; And when your goal is nearest The end for others sought, Watch sloth and heathen Folly Bring all your hopes to

African Imperialism Topics � � � Berlin Conference Henry Stanley Cecil Rhodes King Leopold

African Imperialism Topics � � � Berlin Conference Henry Stanley Cecil Rhodes King Leopold II/ Belgian Congo Social Darwinism Boer War All African People’s Conference {1958} Dr. David Livingstone Morality of Imperialism South African Apartheid Missionary Work