Imperialism and America Chapter 17 1 Isolationism n

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Imperialism and America Chapter 17. 1

Imperialism and America Chapter 17. 1

Isolationism n A policy of limiting involvement in international affairs

Isolationism n A policy of limiting involvement in international affairs

Spheres of Influence n n Dividing China among European powers and Japan into economic

Spheres of Influence n n Dividing China among European powers and Japan into economic zones Gives each country exclusive development and trade rights

Open Door Policy n n Us argued against spheres of influence China should be

Open Door Policy n n Us argued against spheres of influence China should be open to all q q q 1. open ports 2. collect tariffs equally 3. show no favor to nations

Roosevelt Corollary n n n Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine The US is justified

Roosevelt Corollary n n n Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine The US is justified in intervening in the affairs of Central and South America to prevent other countries (Europe_ from doing so “Chronic wrong doing may in America, as elsewhere, require intervention by a civilized nation. ” TR

Imperialism n Policy of extending economic, political, military control over weaker nations

Imperialism n Policy of extending economic, political, military control over weaker nations

Roots of American Imperialism n From its founding America tended to be isolationist q

Roots of American Imperialism n From its founding America tended to be isolationist q Exception: Monroe Doctrine

Roots of American Imperialism n n n Beginning in 1860 s global competition causes

Roots of American Imperialism n n n Beginning in 1860 s global competition causes the US to expand European nations divided up most of Africa European nations and Japan competed for China

Military Economic Roots of US Imperialism Nationalistic Humanitarian

Military Economic Roots of US Imperialism Nationalistic Humanitarian

Economic Roots of American Imperialism n n Prior to 1870 s US manufacturing needed

Economic Roots of American Imperialism n n Prior to 1870 s US manufacturing needed protection After 1870 s US manufactures out-produce foreign nations q q n Manufacturers need access to raw materials Manufactures need access to markets for surplus goods Foreign trade is the solution for overproduction, unemployment and economic depression

Military Roots of American Imperialism n Alfred T Mahan q Influence of Sea Power

Military Roots of American Imperialism n Alfred T Mahan q Influence of Sea Power Upon History – 1660 -1783 n q q n Argues the importance of a strong navy Protect shipping lanes Protect overseas markets Protect sources of raw materials Provide refueling stations (coal) US becomes the third largest naval power q Used it to back American foreign policy

Nationalistic and Humanitarian Roots of American Imperialism n Humanitarian q n Doctors, missionaries and

Nationalistic and Humanitarian Roots of American Imperialism n Humanitarian q n Doctors, missionaries and colonial officials share the “blessings” of Western civilization Nationalistic q q Keep America’s pioneer spirit Ethnocentrism – America’s superiority

Cultural (racist) Roots of Imperialism n n n Belief in cultural superiority Social Darwinism

Cultural (racist) Roots of Imperialism n n n Belief in cultural superiority Social Darwinism - survival of the fittest Ethnocentrism – superiority of Anglo-Saxon culture Manifest Destiny Duty to Christianize and civilize “inferior peoples”