Immigration and Urbanization Chapter 15
Massive Immigration Immigrate – to move to another country 1870 -1920 - 20 million Europeans Smaller #s from China, Japan, Mexico, West Indies Escape persecution, overcrowding; some plan to make $ and return to homeland
Arrival Immigration Stations ◦ Ellis Island in NY, Angel Island in CA ◦ Pass an inspection
New Life In America Melting Pot – mixture of cultures blend together Nativism – favoritism toward native born Americans Members of the same ethnic group flocked together Racism, gangs Anti-Catholic prejudice Chinese Exclusion Act
Explosion of Cities Urbanization – rapid growth of cities both immigrants and rural Americans come looking for jobs. Tenements- multifamily urban dwelling
Immigrant’s Postcard Pretend you are an immigrant to an American city sending a postcard to an old friend back in your native land. Your postcard should include: ◦ A brief account of your arrival at Ellis Island (pg. 462)- 2 ◦ ◦ ◦ facts Description of living conditions in city (pg. 470 -471)- 4 facts Description of visit to a settlement house (pg. 472)- 2 facts Underline sentences with facts At least 10 sentences A picture depicting life in the city (should look right for the time period)
Late 1800 s Politics Political Machines ◦ Controls activities of political party in city; city boss at top ◦ Bribed or threatened poor immigrants for votes Graft- illegally using politics for personal gain Patronage- giving government jobs go to friends
The Progressive Movement 4 Goals ◦ Protect social welfare- living/working conditions ◦ Promote moral reform- get rid of sin ◦ Economic reform- regulate big business ◦ Efficiency- use all resources properly
The Muckrakers Journalists who exposed corruption and social problems.
Muckraker Assignment Pg. 533 -532 ◦ Read each of the 3 passages, written by “muckrakers” who wanted to expose certain problems or corrupt behavior. For each passage, answer the following 2 questions: ◦ 1. What is the main point of the passage (what does the writer want to convince the reader of)? ◦ 2. What details in the passage do you think would be the most upsetting to the reader and why?