IEEE C 802 16 m08471 Project IEEE 802

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IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Project IEEE 802. 16 Broadband Wireless Access Working Group

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Project IEEE 802. 16 Broadband Wireless Access Working Group <http: //ieee 802. org/16> Title Uplink Control Structures Date Submitted 2008 -05 -05 Source(s) Xin Chang, Hongjie Si, Mingyang Sun, Jia Lin, Juejun Liu, Jianmin Lu Huawei Re: IEEE 802. 16 m-08/016 r 1: Call for Contributions on Project 802. 16 m System Description Document (SDD). Target topic: “Uplink Control Structures”. Abstract This contribution proposes uplink control information and design of uplink control channels for IEEE 802. 16 m system. Purpose For discussion and approval by TGm Notice This document does not represent the agreed views of the IEEE 802. 16 Working Group or any of its subgroups. It represents only the views of the participants listed in the “Source(s)” field above. It is offered as a basis for discussion. It is not binding on the contributor(s), who reserve(s) the right to add, amend or withdraw material contained herein. Release The contributor grants a free, irrevocable license to the IEEE to incorporate material contained in this contribution, and any modifications thereof, in the creation of an IEEE Standards publication; to copyright in the IEEE’s name any IEEE Standards publication even though it may include portions of this contribution; and at the IEEE’s sole discretion to permit others to reproduce in whole or in part the resulting IEEE Standards publication. The contributor also acknowledges and accepts that this contribution may be made public by IEEE 802. 16. Patent Policy The contributor is familiar with the IEEE-SA Patent Policy and Procedures: <http: //standards. ieee. org/guides/bylaws/sect 6 -7. html#6> and <http: //standards. ieee. org/guides/opman/sect 6. html#6. 3>. Further information is located at <http: //standards. ieee. org/board/pat-material. html> and <http: //standards. ieee. org/board/pat>. E-mail: xin. [email protected] com

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 UL Control Information Classification • Control and signaling for

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 UL Control Information Classification • Control and signaling for network access – i. e. access probing • Control and signaling for synchronization – i. e. ranging • Control and signaling for traffic – – UL HARQ ACK signaling CQI report CSI signaling BW request • Upper layer control signaling – HO, RRC state control, measurement report, and so on 2

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Uplink Physical Control Channel • UL physical control channel

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Uplink Physical Control Channel • UL physical control channel in subframe includes: – – Non-synchronized ranging channel Synchronized ranging channel HARQ ACK channel Feedback channel • CQI/Precoding feedback channel • Sounding channel 3

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Mapping of UL Control Information to UL Control Channel

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Mapping of UL Control Information to UL Control Channel 4

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Logical Resource Structure • UL physical control channel and

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Logical Resource Structure • UL physical control channel and data in same subframe are multiplexed in a FDM fashion in order to guarantee uplink coverage since the maximal transmitting power of MS is limited. • In logical view, control resource is assigned firstly, then diversity data resource and localized data resource are assigned. 5

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Non-synchronized Ranging Channel • Non-synchronized ranging channel carries network

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Non-synchronized Ranging Channel • Non-synchronized ranging channel carries network entry and handover probing without fully uplink synchronization • Non-synchronized ranging channel should occupy small BW and long time, the time length is whole subframe and the BW size is FFS. • long CP equal to maximal RTD plus the maximal delay spread should be employed in the non-synchronized ranging channel, the whole non-synchronized ranging channel should be regarded as a single long OFDM symbol so that the power can be easily collected. And the guard time after the non-synchronized ranging channel should be equal to the maximal RTD. • To minimize the inter-carrier interference, we prefer that each non-synchronized ranging channel should occupy the localized sub-carriers, when more than one non-synchronized ranging channel is configured in one sub-frame, all those non-synchronized ranging channels should be physically continuous in frequency domain. 6

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Synchronized Ranging Channel • Synchronized ranging channel carries probing

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Synchronized Ranging Channel • Synchronized ranging channel carries probing from MSs achieving fully uplink synchronization. • The synchronized ranging channel uses the same OFDM symbol structure with the traffic channel. • To achieve the frequency diversity, the synchronized ranging channel occupies the distributed sub-carriers. • The synchronized ranging channel size in time domain is the whole sub-frame so that more power can be collected but inter-cell interference is limited. 7

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 HARQ ACK Channel • UL HARQ ACK channel carries

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 HARQ ACK Channel • UL HARQ ACK channel carries the acknowledgement for DL data transmission. • UL HARQ ACK resource is configured by BS, which indicates the number of maximal affordable UL HARQ ACK channels. • MS determines index of HARQ ACK channel in an implicit mapping way to save assignment overhead. • Diversity resource is suitable for such mapping way since control resource for HARQ ACK channel can’t be scheduled near optimal according to corresponsive channel condition. 8

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Multiplexing Scheme • Two common multiplexing schemes are considered:

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Multiplexing Scheme • Two common multiplexing schemes are considered: FDM and CDM. • Orthogonal sequence based scheme is benefit for inter-cell interference mitigation due to power smoothing over subcarriers of control resource. • In addition, orthogonal sequence based scheme provides flexibility to carry different number of HARQ ACK channels. • Orthogonal sequence based scheme is preferred for uplink HARQ ACK transmission. HARQ ACK groups are multiplexed in FDM, and ACK channels in one group are multiplexed in CDM. 9

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Transmission Scheme • If MCW is set for downlink

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Transmission Scheme • If MCW is set for downlink transmission, more than one ACK signal is needed. • Considering complexity, at most 4 codewords are supported. Two HARQ ACK channels are assigned when MCW is employed on downlink transmission. • Modulation scheme of uplink HARQ ACK signal is given in following table Downlink Scheme ACK Signal HARQ ACK Channel Modulation SCW Layer 1 Channel 1 BPSK Layer 2 Channel 2 BPSK Channel 1 QPSK Channel 2 QPSK MCW with 2 codewords Layer 1 MCW with 4 codewords Layer 2 Layer 3 Layer 4 10

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Resource Mapping Scheme (I) • All uplink HARQ ACK

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Resource Mapping Scheme (I) • All uplink HARQ ACK resource is divided into several ACK Groups, each of which carries 4 HARQ ACK channels. FFS if more than 4 HARQ ACK channels can be supported per ACK Group. • The resource of ACK Group consists of 12 subcarriers over 6 OFDM symbols. The resource is divided into 6 non-adjacent tiles, which consists of 2 contiguous subcarriers by 6 OFDM symbols. • Orthogonal sequence maps to the tile and replicate 6 times. • Pilot sequence maps to 4 pilot subcarriers in OFDM symbol 2 and 5 of one tile. Data sequence maps to remaining 8 subcarriers in same tile. An illustration is given in next slide. 11

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Resource Mapping Scheme (II) 12

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Resource Mapping Scheme (II) 12

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Feedback Channel • The uplink feedback channel contains Uplink

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Feedback Channel • The uplink feedback channel contains Uplink CQI/Precoding channel and Uplink Sounding channel. – Uplink CQI/Precoding channel provides channel quality indicator (CQI) and the feedback information for spatial precoding of downlink channel. – Uplink Sounding channel provides uplink channel information and additional downlink channel information, which is used for uplink and downlink scheduling, AMC and timing, etc. • With different antenna modes and channel conditions, the CQI report modes are different. • Both Periodic CQI reporting and trigger-based CQI reporting is supported. Four types of CQI report are supported, e. g. wideband CQI report, sub-band CQI report, MCW CQI report and PMI report. More types of CQI report might be included in further study. 13

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 CQI Resource Allocation Mode • Transmission period and resource

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 CQI Resource Allocation Mode • Transmission period and resource allocation of certain CQI modes is instructed by specific signal from BS. An illustrated example is given in following figure • Detailed format of CQI report is instructed by BS. • The resource between CQI channel and ACK channel may be shared, and the detailed design is FFS. 14

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 CQI/Precoding Control Message Format • Wideband CQI is used

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 CQI/Precoding Control Message Format • Wideband CQI is used by MSs scheduled on distributed channels, such as high speed MSs, persistently scheduled MSs and MSs in active state but with no data to receive, for fast access to radio resources. When MCW is enabled, CQI message format "A" carry channel quality in the basic layer. CQI/Precoding control message format "A" field name number of bits description wideband CQI Ncqi average quality over all sub-carriers • When MSs experience slow mobility and frequency selective scheduling is employed, MSs are typically instructed to use the CQI message format "B". CQI/Precoding control message format "B" field name number of bits description label Nlabel indictates a set of M RBGs subband CQI M*Ncqi quality in the indicated M RBGs 15

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 CQI/Precoding Control Message Format • When MSs experience slow

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 CQI/Precoding Control Message Format • When MSs experience slow mobility and good channel conditions, MSs may be instructed to use the CQI message format "C". CQI/Precoding control message format "C" field name number of bits description additional CQI L*Ndif, cqi differential quality in all other layers • Format "D" may include Precoding Matrix Indices for SU-MIMO, and/or multiple Precoding Vector Indices in the case of MU-MIMO. CQI/Precoding control message format "D" field name number of bits description PMI Npmi Precoding matrix indicators of all sub-carriers PVI(MU-MIMO) Npvi Precoding vector indicators of all sub-carriers 16

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Size of CQI Message Fields • The choice of

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Size of CQI Message Fields • The choice of Npmi and Npvi and depends on the number of transmit antennas employed in the BS and codebook design. • Sub-band CQI report size is depended on RBG size, number of RBG and system BW. For different bandwidth modes the value of M and Nlabel may be different. bandwidth Nlabel 5 MHz 10 MHz 20 MHz FFS FFS Ncqi 4~5 bits Npmi 4~6 bits Npvi 2~4 bits Ndif, cqi FFS 17

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Other Considerations • Trigger for switching between different CQI

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Other Considerations • Trigger for switching between different CQI modes – – In-band signaling Share wideband CQI resource RACH channel The detailed design is FFS • Coding and modulation scheme is under investigation to save overhead, for an instance, avoiding CRC by erasure decoding • The CQI report can have different format indicated by a type field within same size of control resource. It is FFS. 18

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 CQI Resource Mapping • The basic unit of CQI

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 CQI Resource Mapping • The basic unit of CQI resource is CQI control tile, which consists of 6 subcarriers over 6 OFDM symbols. • CQI control tile can be 2 distributed elements (3*6) or 1 localized element(6*6). • Different CQI report mode occupies one or more CQI control tiles to support different size CQI report. For an instance, sub-band CQI can occupy 2 CQI control tiles. • CQI resources allocation is indicated by BS. • Wideband CQI report is mapped on periodic resource by persistent assignment. Other CQI reports may be multiplexed in a CDM fashion. FFS if a smaller size CQI control tile can be supported. 19

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 CQI Resource Mapping 20

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 CQI Resource Mapping 20

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Uplink Sounding Channel • Uplink sounding channel provides uplink

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Uplink Sounding Channel • Uplink sounding channel provides uplink channel information and additional downlink channel information, which is used for uplink and downlink scheduling, AMC and timing, etc. • Sounding transmission period depend on the mobility of MS and system load. 21

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Sounding Channel Resource Mapping and Multiplexing • Option 1:

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Sounding Channel Resource Mapping and Multiplexing • Option 1: Sounding channel is mapped to one OFDM symbol of every sub-frame. • Option 2: Sounding channel is distributed to all OFDM symbol of every sub-frame. • Sounding signal is transmitted on the uplink resource except uplink control channel • Sounding segment contains multiple sounding channels and every sounding channel may contain multiple sounding sub-channels – every sounding sub-channel occupies narrowband resource and the multiplexing between sub-channels is CDM/FDM – Independent sequence for every sub-channel • To mitigate destruction of pilot sequences orthogonality due to frequency selective fading – a MS may use one or several sounding sub-channel – the transmission bandwidth used by MS depend on the power limitation and requirement of MS 22

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Multiplexing of Control and Data Resource 23

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Multiplexing of Control and Data Resource 23

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Text Proposal Insert the following text in SDD Chapter

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Text Proposal Insert the following text in SDD Chapter 11 (Physical Layer): 11. x UL Control Structure 11. x. 1 UL Control Information 11. x. 1. 1 UL control information classification Control information carried on uplink includes: Control and signaling for network access; Control and signaling for uplink synchronization; Control and signaling for traffic; Upper layer control signaling. 11. x. 1. 2 Mapping of UL control information 24

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Text Proposal 11. x. 2 UL Physical Control Channel

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Text Proposal 11. x. 2 UL Physical Control Channel 11. x. 2. 1 Non-synchronized ranging channel carries network entry and handover probing without fully uplink synchronization. Non-synchronized ranging channel occupies localized subcarriers. Long CP equal to maximal RTD plus maximal delay spread and guard time after non-synchronized ranging channel is equal to maximal RTD. 11. x. 2. 2 Synchronized ranging channel carries probing from MSs achieving fully uplink synchronization. The synchronized ranging channel uses the same OFDM symbol structure with the traffic channel and occupies distributed subcarriers. 25

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Text Proposal 11. x. 2. 3 HARQ ACK channels

IEEE C 802. 16 m-08/471 Text Proposal 11. x. 2. 3 HARQ ACK channels are divided into groups multiplexed in FDM. In each HARQ ACK group, HARQ ACK signaling is mapping to the orthogonal sequence and carried on the same time-frequency resource of group. 11. x. 2. 4 Feedback channel contains Uplink CQI/Precoding channel and Uplink Sounding channel. Multiple types of CQI report are supported, such as wideband CQI report, sub-band CQI report, MCW CQI report, PMI report and so on. The mode, timing, resource assignment of CQI report are instructed by specific signal from BS. 11. x. 3 Transmission of Control Channel 26