Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh International Airport Hiro Mc Nulty

  • Slides: 36
Download presentation
Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh International Airport Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option AE Senior Thesis Spring

Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh International Airport Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option AE Senior Thesis Spring 2006

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Outline Q Background Information Q

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Outline Q Background Information Q Existing Structural Conditions Q Proposal and Design Criteria Q New Structural Design Q Fire Protection Study Q Construction Management Analysis Q Conclusions and Recommendations

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Outline Q Background Information Q

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Outline Q Background Information Q Existing Structural Conditions Q Proposal and Design Criteria Q New Structural Design Q Fire Protection Study Q Construction Management Analysis Q Conclusions and Recommendations

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Background Information Project Team Q

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Background Information Project Team Q Owner: Q Architects: Primary Associate - Q Structural Engineers: Q MEP Engineers: Q Electrical Engineers: Q General Contractor: Dauphin County General Authority L. Robert Kimball & Associates Thompson, Ventulett, Stainback, and Associates De. Simone Consulting Engineers L. Robert Kimball & Associates Dick Corporation

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Background Information Q Only hotel

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Background Information Q Only hotel located on airport property Q 275, 000 square feet Q 12 story hotel tower (approx. 17, 000 sq. ft. per floor) Q Tower features 336 guest rooms Q 2 story conference center (approx. 75, 000 sq. ft. ) Q Estimated cost: $33 million Q Construction: November 1998 - May 2000

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Outline Q Background Information Q

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Outline Q Background Information Q Existing Structural Conditions Q Proposal and Design Criteria Q New Structural Design Q Fire Protection Study Q Construction Management Analysis Q Conclusions and Recommendations

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Existing Structural Conditions Q Conference

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Existing Structural Conditions Q Conference Center is not the main emphasis of the depth work. As such, it will not be covered in this presentation. Q The Hotel tower is framed with cast-in-place concrete columns with a filigree floor slab. Q The concrete moment framing serves both as the lateral load resisting system as well as the main gravity system.

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Existing Structural Conditions Q 6’

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Existing Structural Conditions Q 6’ wide, 8” deep solid column strips are oriented N-S on the typical tower plans. Q The floor slab consists of an 8” thick filigree slab with polystyrene voids between column strips. Q There are 44 columns in the typical tower floor with typical sizes of 22” x 28” and 22” x 32”. Q 12”-24” wide, 18” deep cast-in-place concrete beams form the perimeter of the typical floor plan. Q Typical 10’ floor-to-floor height for main guest floors. Overall existing building height of 140’ from ground level to roof level. Q

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Existing Structural Conditions Typical Tower

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Existing Structural Conditions Typical Tower Floor Plan Typical bay sizes are: 27’-0” x 18’-6” 27’-0” x 24’-0”

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Existing Structural Conditions Void Layout

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Existing Structural Conditions Void Layout Plan Section Through Voids

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Existing Structural Conditions Wind loads

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Existing Structural Conditions Wind loads as calculated using the ASCE 7 -02 Analytical Procedure. Based on 12 -story, 140’ building height. Story shears determined from tributary area of wind pressures on each level.

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Existing Structural Conditions Seismic loads

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Existing Structural Conditions Seismic loads as calculated using the ASCE 7 -02 Equivalent Lateral Force Procedure. Based on 12 -story, 140’ building height, Site Class D, and Response coefficient, R = 3. Base shear calculated based on calculated building weight and then distributed to floors based on weight and height of each level.

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Existing Structural Conditions Wind Base

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Existing Structural Conditions Wind Base Shear North-South East-West 1321 k 269 k Q Q Seismic Base Shear North-South East-West 1021 k Based on the large weight of the building, the seismic shears in the East-West direction are around 4 times as large as the wind loads in that direction. Building weight (of structural elements) for concrete framing calculated to be 22, 700 kips.

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Outline Q Background Information Q

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Outline Q Background Information Q Existing Structural Conditions Q Proposal and Design Criteria Q New Structural Design Q Fire Protection Study Q Construction Management Analysis Q Conclusions and Recommendations

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Proposal and Design Criteria Q

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Proposal and Design Criteria Q From analyzing the existing structural conditions, the seismic loading for the location was very large for its location. Ground motion acceleration is based on a response spectra for given geographical regions. Pittsburgh, PA has: Q In comparison, areas of California have upwards of: Q Q 0. 2 -second spectral response acceleration of 12. 7% gravity. 1 -second spectral response acceleration of 5. 4% gravity. 0. 2 -second spectral response acceleration of 150% gravity. 1 -second spectral response acceleration of 60% gravity.

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Proposal and Design Criteria Q

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Proposal and Design Criteria Q The main goal of the new design was to reduce the weight of the building to allow the wind loading to control the design, by creating a design implementing structural steel framing. Q In addition to simply changing the framing type, strict design criteria were established to avoid architectural changes and problems with the structure.

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Proposal and Design Criteria Q

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Proposal and Design Criteria Q The main design criterion were regulations from the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) for building height of structures in proximity to an airport. Q FAA Advisory Circular AC 150/5190 -4 A. FAR Part 77, Objects Affecting Navigable Airspace Q Q From conversation with the architectural project manager, the building currently meets these regulations; however, greatly increasing the building height would not be permissible.

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Outline Q Background Information Q

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Outline Q Background Information Q Existing Structural Conditions Q Proposal and Design Criteria Q New Structural Design Q Fire Protection Study Q Construction Management Analysis Q Conclusions and Recommendations

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA New Structural Design Q The

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA New Structural Design Q The new structural design updated the code requirements from BOCA 1996 to IBC 2003. Q Design completed from a combination of hand calculations and a computer model in RAM Structural Systems. Q Framing selected to minimize impact on architecture and to meet design criterion for building height.

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA New Structural Design Q Q

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA New Structural Design Q Q Floor is a composite steel framing with 3½” slab thickness. (1. 5” decking with 2” slab above flutes. ) Cambers shown to meet: ℓ/ 360 live load deflection ℓ/ 240 dead + live load defl. Shear stud locations shown to achieve composite strength required. Beams equally spaced between columns. Typical Layout of Bays on Guest Floors

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA New Structural Design Q Q

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA New Structural Design Q Q Q Columns splices specified every 3 levels. Total new building height is 150’, a 10’ increase from the original design. Typical Sizes indicated in table below are for gravity columns in typical bays as shown in last slide. Levels Min Size Used Max Size Used Length 9, 10, Roof W 14 x 43 W 14 x 53 37’ 6, 7, 8 W 14 x 53 W 14 x 90 33’ 3, 4, 5 W 14 x 61 W 14 x 120 33’ Main, 2 W 14 x 90 W 14 x 159 31’ Ground W 14 x 90 W 14 x 159 16’

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA New Structural Design Q Braced

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA New Structural Design Q Braced frame locations shown on typical floor plan. Q Chevron-braced frames were selected to minimize impact on floor plan and allow openings.

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA New Structural Design Q Braced

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA New Structural Design Q Braced frame elevations. Q North-South frames (left) Q East-West frames (right)

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA New Structural Design Impact on

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA New Structural Design Impact on the Structure Q 10’ increase in height is less than a 10% total increase in building height, which is still viewed as unfavorable for the purpose of the height restrictions. Q However, the change of framing has shown that with a minimal change in height, the change from concrete to steel framing can have a great impact on the weight of the building and the seismic loadings.

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA New Structural Design Q Slight

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA New Structural Design Q Slight increase in building height changes the wind loading. The increase is less than 30 kips in each direction, which is fairly insignificant. Q From the RAM model, a takeoff of the members was used to calculate the weight of the new structure. Q The new weight is calculated to be 7, 400 kips. Q This is a decrease of over 15, 000 kips.

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA New Structural Design New seismic

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA New Structural Design New seismic loads as calculated using the ASCE 7 -02 Equivalent Lateral Force Procedure. Based on 12 -story, 140’ building height, Site Class D (based on geotechnical report), new weight of 7400 kips, new response coefficient of R = 5.

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA New Structural Design Vibration Analysis

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA New Structural Design Vibration Analysis Q With the large decrease in weight, a vibration study was performed to determine if walking induced vibrations in the corridors would cause unfavorable conditions for guest rooms. Q Using AISC Design Guide 11, the floor acceleration was calculated to be 0. 6% gravity, which is greater than the recommended limit of 0. 5% gravity for offices, residences, and churches. Q The easiest way to remedy this problem would be to stiffen the beams framing under the guest rooms; however, by increasing member size and stiffness, the depth of the members would increase. Q Since the member sizes were selected for their depth, the results of this analysis will be considered in the final conclusions and recommendations.

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA New Structural Design Resulting conclusions

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA New Structural Design Resulting conclusions from the depth work: Q By choosing an alternate framing, in this case steel instead of concrete, you can greatly impact the seismic loading on a structure. The seismic loads were decreased to approximately 1/5 the original loads calculated. Q The building weight can greatly be reduced by changing from concrete to steel framing, in this case the weight was reduced to approximately 1/3 the original design weight. Q While keeping member sizes as small as possible, with the addition of the decking and slab, the thickness of the steel framing is still larger than the initial filigree system implemented. Q The lightweight steel framing, while reducing the overall building weight, can also induce other serviceability concerns with floor vibrations.

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Outline Q Background Information Q

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Outline Q Background Information Q Existing Structural Conditions Q Proposal and Design Criteria Q New Structural Design Q Fire Protection Study Q Construction Management Analysis Q Conclusions and Recommendations

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Fire Protection Study Q To

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Fire Protection Study Q To determine the required fireproofing measures for the steel framing, IBC 2003 requirements were used. Q Fireproofing type and spray thicknesses were determined using Grace Construction Products Monokote® MK-6® spray-on fireproofing and the required thickness values detailed in the Underwriter’s Laboratory Online Certifications Directory. Q Steel beams require a 1” thick spray of UL Design No. N 779 - 3 hour fire rating. Q Steel columns require, a 2½” thick spray of UL Design No. X 772 - 3 hour fire rating (on an average sized column). Q Floor decking requires, a 5/8” thick spray of UL Design No. D 780 - 2 hour fire rating.

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Outline Q Background Information Q

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Outline Q Background Information Q Existing Structural Conditions Q Proposal and Design Criteria Q New Structural Design Q Fire Protection Study Q Construction Management Analysis Q Conclusions and Recommendations

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Construction Management Analysis Q Q

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Construction Management Analysis Q Q Q Cost and time analyses were performed using R. S. Means Building Construction Cost Data 2006. Cost Time Original Design $2, 100, 000 220 days New Design $2, 900, 000 205 days Concrete estimates (original design) were calculated based on the square footage of the filigree planks and the total cubic yards of cast-in-place concrete. Steel estimates (new design) were calculated based on the length of beams and columns, the number of shear studs, and the square footage of the slab and decking.

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Outline Q Background Information Q

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Outline Q Background Information Q Existing Structural Conditions Q Proposal and Design Criteria Q New Structural Design Q Fire Protection Study Q Construction Management Analysis Q Conclusions and Recommendations

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Conclusions and Recommendations Q The

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Conclusions and Recommendations Q The new structural design supports the proposal that the building weight and seismic loads could be reduced by changing to steel framing. Q From the structural design and analysis procedure, it was determined that the new system could not entirely prevent increasing the floor depth; however, the new system has minimized the impact and only added 10 feet to the building height, less than a 10% overall increase. Q The lightweight framing may induce vibration problems in the guest rooms. Q Due to the increase in cost, building height, and vibration concerns, the new system does not seem to be the best choice for the Hyatt. Q However, it should be noted that the analyses have shown that for similar projects with less strict design criterion, especially those in higher seismic areas, the steel framing would very likely be a better choice.

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Acknowledgements Q The Architectural Engineering

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Acknowledgements Q The Architectural Engineering Faculty Q L. Robert Kimball & Associates Q Dick Corporation Q Dauphin County General Authority Q Global Hyatt Corporation Q My Friends and Family

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Questions?

Hiro Mc. Nulty Structural Option Hyatt Regency Pittsburgh, PA Questions?