Humanitarian Engineering Creating Technologies That Help People Prof

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Humanitarian Engineering: Creating Technologies That Help People Prof. Kevin M Passino https: //osuhe. engineering.

Humanitarian Engineering: Creating Technologies That Help People Prof. Kevin M Passino https: //osuhe. engineering. osu. edu

Outline: • Humanitarian technologies • Humanitarian engineering • University activities Focus is on development,

Outline: • Humanitarian technologies • Humanitarian engineering • University activities Focus is on development, not, e. g. , natural disasters 2

Humanitarian Technology: Water: Delivery (pipes and pumps), filtration (chemical, solar, mechanical, thermal, etc. )

Humanitarian Technology: Water: Delivery (pipes and pumps), filtration (chemical, solar, mechanical, thermal, etc. ) 3

Sanitation: For human waste, grey water, trash, etc. Transport/piping away from source Avoid contamination

Sanitation: For human waste, grey water, trash, etc. Transport/piping away from source Avoid contamination (e. g. , of drinking water) 4

Agriculture: Irigation: Fertilizer, seeds, soil, equipment, etc. 5

Agriculture: Irigation: Fertilizer, seeds, soil, equipment, etc. 5

Energy: Solar, wind, hydro, etc. Use: Cookstoves, lighting, work, etc. 6

Energy: Solar, wind, hydro, etc. Use: Cookstoves, lighting, work, etc. 6

Shelter: Durable, weather-resistant, inexpensive, etc. 7

Shelter: Durable, weather-resistant, inexpensive, etc. 7

Information technology: Low-cost computers, cell phones, etc. 8

Information technology: Low-cost computers, cell phones, etc. 8

Health, education: Diagnostic equipment, medicines, etc. Computer technology for education, handson STEM education projects

Health, education: Diagnostic equipment, medicines, etc. Computer technology for education, handson STEM education projects 9

Important role for engineers in development? Underlying challenges are often technological and demand engineering

Important role for engineers in development? Underlying challenges are often technological and demand engineering and social skills! What can engineers do to help? How to do it? 10

The 10 Principles of Humanitarian Engineering An overview of the key ideas… 11

The 10 Principles of Humanitarian Engineering An overview of the key ideas… 11

1. Focus on People • Individuals are unique and infinitely valuable, talk/respect/solidarity • Suffering,

1. Focus on People • Individuals are unique and infinitely valuable, talk/respect/solidarity • Suffering, compassion https: //commons. wikimedia. org/ wiki/Fil: Homeless_Man. jpg 12

2. Relate, Listen, Ask, Cooperate, Empower • Build relationships, trust, community participation, inclusiveness, multidisciplinary

2. Relate, Listen, Ask, Cooperate, Empower • Build relationships, trust, community participation, inclusiveness, multidisciplinary teams, and cooperation • Needs/assets/desires assessment, active listening • Empower people https: //www. flickr. com/photos/ theworldfishcenter/26627012643 13

3. Understand Social and Physical Context • People, communities, culture, history • Built and

3. Understand Social and Physical Context • People, communities, culture, history • Built and natural environment, resources, institutions https: //en. wikipedia. org/ wiki/Culture 14

4. Be a Professional Humanitarian Engineer • Competence and conduct • Create the best

4. Be a Professional Humanitarian Engineer • Competence and conduct • Create the best design that meets all constraints (performance, reliability, cost, environmental, social, etc. ) in context and keeping the people firmly in mind 15

5. Build Technological Capacity • Empower the community to create its own solutions •

5. Build Technological Capacity • Empower the community to create its own solutions • STEM education empowers students https: //en. wikipedia. org/ wiki/Education 16

6. Ensure Long-Term Positive Impact • Design for reliability in extreme conditions • Build

6. Ensure Long-Term Positive Impact • Design for reliability in extreme conditions • Build technological capacity for operation and maintenance 17

7. Understand Impact on/from Social Context • People, power relations • Education, health, economic

7. Understand Impact on/from Social Context • People, power relations • Education, health, economic development https: //pixabay. com/en/circle-community-hands-holding-159252/ 18

8. Design for Sustainability • Resource use and pollution impacts • Life-cycle design and

8. Design for Sustainability • Resource use and pollution impacts • Life-cycle design and design for environment NASA 19

9. Assess Outcomes • Deployed technology effectiveness, sideeffects • Basis for later improvement or

9. Assess Outcomes • Deployed technology effectiveness, sideeffects • Basis for later improvement or scale-up 20

https: //www. flickr. com/photos/ punktoad/5540843967 10. Promote Human Dignity, Rights, and Fulfillment • Focus

https: //www. flickr. com/photos/ punktoad/5540843967 10. Promote Human Dignity, Rights, and Fulfillment • Focus on human development, ideas from social justice • Reduction of inequalities in technological capacity, and promotion of inclusiveness https: //www. flickr. com/photos/ neverendingalbum/8442395301 21

 • For more information… • Textbook, Edition 3 • Free download Also mathematical

• For more information… • Textbook, Edition 3 • Free download Also mathematical and computational material, research challenges https: //hebook. engineering. osu. edu 22

Humanitarian Engineering Center The Ohio State University College of Engineering https: //osuhe. engineering. osu.

Humanitarian Engineering Center The Ohio State University College of Engineering https: //osuhe. engineering. osu. edu 23

Partners and Sponsors All engineering disciplines Social work International development Health, Education Business Global

Partners and Sponsors All engineering disciplines Social work International development Health, Education Business Global Water Initiative One Health Initiative (Ethiopia) Agricultural sciences NGOs, universities 24

Humanitarian Engineering Center 25

Humanitarian Engineering Center 25

Global Engineering Fieldwork International Projects: Water supply and filtration, sanitation, energy (solar, wind), lighting,

Global Engineering Fieldwork International Projects: Water supply and filtration, sanitation, energy (solar, wind), lighting, agriculture (irrigation, aquaponics), cookstoves, shelter, computer/IT, STEM education for disadvantaged schools and universities Needs-driven advanced research 26

Columbus, Ohio T 4 C US Projects: Homeless. Heating, cooking, shelter, food pantries-logistics, computers,

Columbus, Ohio T 4 C US Projects: Homeless. Heating, cooking, shelter, food pantries-logistics, computers, wheelchair ramps 27

Always work with an in-country partner: • Nongovernmental Organization (NGO) • Hand-in-hand direct work

Always work with an in-country partner: • Nongovernmental Organization (NGO) • Hand-in-hand direct work on projects —they know the community (needs) best • Technological consultant to NGO (e. g. , what technology to purchase? , how to deploy? ) • Universities, professional organizations (e. g. , IEEE) 28 • Alumni

Humanitarian Engineering Courses • ENGR 5050 Humanitarian Engineering (Sp 14, 29; Sp 15, 50;

Humanitarian Engineering Courses • ENGR 5050 Humanitarian Engineering (Sp 14, 29; Sp 15, 50; Sp 16, 66; Sp 17, 67), online, https: //hecourse. engineering. osu. edu • ECE 5194. 06 Computational Humanitarianism (Au 14, 12; Sp 17, 19) • ENGR 5194 Appropriate Technology for Developing Countries (Sp 16, 25) • Civ. Eng Sustainable Community Development (planned, Au 17) All are graduate/undergraduate courses 29

Course Preparation for Projects / Trips ENGR 4962. XXS: Service-Learning in Eng. Honduras, Montaña

Course Preparation for Projects / Trips ENGR 4962. XXS: Service-Learning in Eng. Honduras, Montaña de Luz Honduras, Choluteca Guatemala India, Tanzania Ghana, El Salvador Haiti, Dominican Republic Colombia Graduate or undergraduate Minor: - Core courses - “Human Welfare” - Project >320 students since 2005 Capstone design (Co. E, Dept) Research, Independent Study, Honor Theses, Study Abroad 30

Student organizations 1. Engineers for Community Service (ECOS) 2. Engineers Without Border (EWB) 3.

Student organizations 1. Engineers for Community Service (ECOS) 2. Engineers Without Border (EWB) 3. Engineer for a Sustainable World (ESW) 4. Solar Education and Outreach (SEO) 5. SERVitecture 6. Design Building Institute of America, OSU 7. Ecological Engineering Society of OSU 31 8. Design Outreach Student Club

Graduate Programs / Research • 10 faculty in Co. E supervising MS/Ph. D •

Graduate Programs / Research • 10 faculty in Co. E supervising MS/Ph. D • External funding, $6. 3 M current • Broad collaborations • MS program in development (likely, Graduate Interdisciplinary Specialization) • Ph. D program: One-of-a-kind Ph. D 32

Summary: • Engineers helping the poor via technology • Provides challenging real-world engineering design

Summary: • Engineers helping the poor via technology • Provides challenging real-world engineering design problems • Design problems that “really matter” • Easily fits in engineering curriculum (for all majors), e. g. , capstone design • Provides new research challenges 33

To get involved in Nile University humanitarian engineering activities see: Dr. Irene Samy 34

To get involved in Nile University humanitarian engineering activities see: Dr. Irene Samy 34