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https: //www. youtu be. com/watch? v=B LVa. L 6 yh. K 7 Q VIRUSES

https: //www. youtu be. com/watch? v=B LVa. L 6 yh. K 7 Q VIRUSES VS CELLS TEK 4 C: Compare the structure of viruses to cells and how viruses cause disease

Which one is smaller? Cell or Virus?

Which one is smaller? Cell or Virus?

A virus is an infectious agent made up of nucleic acid (DNA or RNA)

A virus is an infectious agent made up of nucleic acid (DNA or RNA) wrapped in a protein coat called a capsid. Viruses have no nucleus, no organelles, no cytoplasm or cell membrane—Non-cellular This is why it does NOT belong to any kingdom. vs

A virus recognizes cells it can infect by matching its surface marker with a

A virus recognizes cells it can infect by matching its surface marker with a receptor site on a cell. Virus Surface Markers Receptor Sites Cell

Viral Structures

Viral Structures

Cells Alive Animation http: //www. cellsalive. com/howbig. htm

Cells Alive Animation http: //www. cellsalive. com/howbig. htm

Comparing Viruses to Cells

Comparing Viruses to Cells

A Prokaryotic Cell

A Prokaryotic Cell

Prokaryotic Fission (Binary Fission)reproduction of prokaryotic cells.

Prokaryotic Fission (Binary Fission)reproduction of prokaryotic cells.

Bacterial Diseases • Syphilis • Typhoid Fever • Gonorrhea • Bacterial Meningitis • Strept

Bacterial Diseases • Syphilis • Typhoid Fever • Gonorrhea • Bacterial Meningitis • Strept Throat • Ear infections • Sinus Infections • Tetanus • Pneumonia • Plague • Dysentery • Whooping Cough • Gangrene • Pink Eye • Botulism • Flesh Eating Bacteria • E. Coli • Salmonella • Urinary Tract Infections • Acne • Tuberculosis • Chemical Warfare • Anthrax

Food Poisoning

Food Poisoning

Beneficial Bacteria • E. Coli • Yogurt • Cheese • Vinegars • Wine •

Beneficial Bacteria • E. Coli • Yogurt • Cheese • Vinegars • Wine • Biotechnology • Buttermilk • Sourcream • Protein source • Saprophytes • Decomposing dead organisms • Oil Eating bacteria • Agriculture • Nitrogen fixing bacti • Bacterial Cement • Sewage Plants

Viruses Can you Name the Six Kingdoms? Which kingdom do Viruses belong to?

Viruses Can you Name the Six Kingdoms? Which kingdom do Viruses belong to?

How many characteristics of life do viruses possess? ONE *Genetic Material Are viruses living?

How many characteristics of life do viruses possess? ONE *Genetic Material Are viruses living? NO

Viruses have either DNA or RNA but NOT both. Viruses with RNA that transcribe

Viruses have either DNA or RNA but NOT both. Viruses with RNA that transcribe into DNA are called retroviruses. Viruses are parasites—an organism that depends entirely upon another living organism (a host) for its existence in such a way that it harms that organism. HIV Infected Cell (This is the reason why HIV is so incurable. ) A flea is a parasite to a dog and is harmful to the dog.

1. Bacteriophage—viruses that infect bacteria Capsid (protein coat) – inside contains either RNA or

1. Bacteriophage—viruses that infect bacteria Capsid (protein coat) – inside contains either RNA or DNA 2. Flu (influenza), HIV DNA or RNA Surface Marker Capsid (protein coat)

Capsid Nucleic Acid Bacteriophage—a virus that infects bacteria (bacteria is the host)

Capsid Nucleic Acid Bacteriophage—a virus that infects bacteria (bacteria is the host)

Certain viruses can only attack certain cell types. They are said to be specific.

Certain viruses can only attack certain cell types. They are said to be specific. Example: The rabies virus only attacks brain or nervous cells. Surface Markers Virus Receptor Sites It’s like the pieces of a puzzle. The ends have to match up so only certain pieces fit. Cell

Importance: *Harmful Causes disease—pathogenic Disease producing agent—pathogen Human Diseases: Warts, common cold, Influenza (flu),

Importance: *Harmful Causes disease—pathogenic Disease producing agent—pathogen Human Diseases: Warts, common cold, Influenza (flu), Smallpox, Ebola, Herpes, AIDS, Chicken pox, Rabies Viruses disrupt the body’s normal equilibrium/balance Viruses can be prevented with vaccines, but NOT treated with antibiotics. (antibiotics treat bacteria) Beneficial: Genetic Engineering—harmless virus carries good genes into cells.

https: //www. youtube. com/watc h? v=Rpj 0 em. EGSh. Q&noredirect= 1 Flu Attack!!

https: //www. youtube. com/watc h? v=Rpj 0 em. EGSh. Q&noredirect= 1 Flu Attack!!