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Deaths from Starvation http: //www. worldmapper. org/display_extra. php? selected=412 Protein-energy malnutrition is a basic lack of food (from famine) and a major cause of infant mortality and morbidity worldwide. Starvation is called protein-energy malnutrition because the two most essential things food provides are protein and energy. When primarily a lack of protein in the food, the illness caused in children is called kwashiorkor. When the food supply does not provide enough energy (calories), the illness caused is called marasmus. In marasmus there is extreme thinness (wasting), especially of the arms. In kwashiorkor you don't look so thin, partly because the body retains more fluid, but you stop growing (stunting). Both can occur together. In both you often have a swollen tummy (distended abdomen due to fluid or gases), reduced resistance to infection, impaired learning ability (mental retardation) and are short (stunted growth). This can limit both physical and mental ability to perform many activities. Adults are also severely affected in famines by protein-energy malnutrition, but the children usually start dying first. Protein-energy malnutrition caused 0. 46% of all deaths worldwide in 2002, an average of 42 deaths per million people per year.
All Nutritional Deficiences Deaths http: //www. worldmapper. org/display_extra. php? selected=411 Nutritional deficiencies are due to inadequate amounts of particular categories of food and nutrients in what you have to eat and drink. All of the conditions here involve essential nutrients without which you cannot survive. You need large amounts of protein and carbohydrates, and small amounts of minerals and vitamins. Fats are essential to obtain some vitamins from food. Nutritional deficiencies are the sum of the following (with their contribution to the total nutritional deficiency deaths in 2002): 1. Starvation [Protein-energy malnutrition], Map 412, (54% of deaths). 2. Iodine deficiency, Map 413, (1% of deaths). 3. Vitamin A deficiency, Map 414, (5% of deaths). 4. Iron-deficiency anaemia, Map 415, (28% of deaths). 5. Other nutritional disorders, no map, (12% of deaths). Nutritional deficiencies caused 0. 85% of all deaths worldwide in 2002, an average of 78 deaths per million people per year.
International Food Aid http: //www. worldmapper. org/display. php? selected=363 Wars, droughts, economic collapse and other disasters disrupt access to basic necessities. This map shows sources of international financial donations intended to provide food for people whose normal way of getting food has failed. In 2005 governments contributed about US$ 2. 5 billion to food aid programmes. Half of this came from the United States; a third was from territories in Western Europe. These are some of the richest territories. A further US$ 0. 5 billion was contributed by international organisations, individuals and charities. Food aid is a temporary measure dealing only with the immediate problem. "When I give food to the poor, they call me a saint. When I ask why the poor are poor, they call me a communist. " Dom Helder Camara, 2004
International Fast Food http: //www. worldmapper. org/display. php? selected=364 This map shows the distribution of one major brand of fast food outlet. By 2004 there were 30, 496 of these outlets worldwide. Of these, 45% were located within the United States so it appears large on this map. The next highest number of these outlets are in Japan, Canada and Germany. The world average number of outlets of this one brand alone is 5 per million people. In the United States there are 47 per million people; in Argentina and Chile the rate is a tenth of the American rate; the rate in Indonesia, China and Georgia is a hundredth of the American rate. In all the territories of Africa there were only 150 outlets: mostly in South Africa.
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