HISTORY OF RUSSIA Ms Kseniya Zharchinskaya assistant professor

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HISTORY OF RUSSIA Ms. Kseniya Zharchinskaya, assistant professor (Жарчинская Ксения at portal. tpu. ru)

HISTORY OF RUSSIA Ms. Kseniya Zharchinskaya, assistant professor (Жарчинская Ксения at portal. tpu. ru) November 5 2015

Lecture 2: The Muscovy State. Rise of an Empire 4. 1. «The Time of

Lecture 2: The Muscovy State. Rise of an Empire 4. 1. «The Time of troubles» – 1603 – 1613 Feodor Ivanovich, 1584 – 1598. • Opened borders foreigners, • Did not have children and became the last representative of Rurik dynasty, • Got the title «Blessed» because he did not interested in politics.

Lecture 2: The Muscovy State. Rise of an Empire 4. 1. «The Time of

Lecture 2: The Muscovy State. Rise of an Empire 4. 1. «The Time of troubles» – 1603 – 1613 Boris Godunov, 1598 – 1605 • Was elected by people of «Земский собор» (Grand National Assembly); • Built new cities (e. g. Voronezh, Samara, Saratov, Tomsk); • Built fortresses along the borders of Russia; • Issued a decree on the "Fixed years" in 1597, which led to the Serfdom of Russia ( «крепостной крестьянин» , the term for an unfree peasant).

The Time of Troubles, 1598 (1603) – 1613 Political, social and economical crisis Famine

The Time of Troubles, 1598 (1603) – 1613 Political, social and economical crisis Famine and starvation (1601 – 1603) Intervention (Polish – Muscovite war, 1605)

The Great Famine, Russia, 1601 – 1603

The Great Famine, Russia, 1601 – 1603

Polish – Muscovite war, 1605 – 1618

Polish – Muscovite war, 1605 – 1618

Russian prince Dmitry (1582 — 1591) He was last son of Ivan IV. Died

Russian prince Dmitry (1582 — 1591) He was last son of Ivan IV. Died under mysterious circumstances in 1591. Boris Godunov is sometimes blamed for his death.

Gregory Otrepiev, 1605 «Pseudo» Russian imposters of Dmitry Ivanovich False Dmitry I – Лжедмитрий

Gregory Otrepiev, 1605 «Pseudo» Russian imposters of Dmitry Ivanovich False Dmitry I – Лжедмитрий I; Григорий Отрепьев, former monk, supported by polish magnates in 1605. False Dmitry II – Лжедмитрий II 1609 - 1610; the “rebel of Tushino”. personality is not discovered. False Dmitry II, 1613

Lecture 2: The Muscovy State. Rise of an Empire 4. 1. «The Time of

Lecture 2: The Muscovy State. Rise of an Empire 4. 1. «The Time of troubles» – 1603 – 1613 Vasili Shuisky, 1606 – 1610 • Murdered False Dmitri, killed 2000 Poles, who occupied Moscow; • Signed an alliance with Sweden; • Did not continue a fight for throne after 1610.

Struggle for Moscow (independence), 1612 Moscow, Polish army Nizhny Novgorod, The Russian volunteer army

Struggle for Moscow (independence), 1612 Moscow, Polish army Nizhny Novgorod, The Russian volunteer army 75

Pozharsky and Minin monument near the St Basil's Cathedral, 1804– 1816. National Unity Day

Pozharsky and Minin monument near the St Basil's Cathedral, 1804– 1816. National Unity Day on the 4 th of November (in the memory of 1612 struggle for independence) Stated by Vladimir Putin in 2005, replaced the previous celebrations for the Great October Revolution of 1917 (the 7 th of November). Dmitry Pozharsky is asked to lead the army against Poles

Lecture 2: The Muscovy State. Rise of an Empire The House of Romanovs (1613

Lecture 2: The Muscovy State. Rise of an Empire The House of Romanovs (1613 – 1917) Painting of the 16 -year-old Mikhail taking the crown in 1613 by Grigory Ugryumov, 1764 – 1823.

Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna Romanova

Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna Romanova

Michael Romanov 1613 – 1645 • Was elected by the Grand National Assembly, •

Michael Romanov 1613 – 1645 • Was elected by the Grand National Assembly, • Finished a war with Sweden, • Started to recover the country, • Created 5 government offices – Prikazy (Posolsky, Razryadny, Streletsky, Treasury, Aptekarsky)

Aleksey Romanov 1645 – 1676 • Raised taxes (e. g. for the Sault), •

Aleksey Romanov 1645 – 1676 • Raised taxes (e. g. for the Sault), • Lowered the salaries of servicemen, • Wrote a new legal code Sobornoye ulozheniye, 1649. • The peasants were tied to the land on which they worked, • Put down the rebellions, • The eastern part of Ukraine ( «Little Russia» ) came to Russia.