HERCULES The Great Heroes before the Trojan War
HERCULES The Great Heroes before the Trojan War Speaker: 陳永安 Instructor: 簡士捷老師
A story of a man MORTAL IMMORTAL
Hercules Ἡρακλῆς = Hēra[Hera]+kleos [glory] Ø Son of: • Zeus + Alcmene Ø Signature: • lion skin + club Ø Know as: • Strength • Courage • Ingenuity • sexual prowess with both sex • Play with kids Ø Greatest Greek hero
Worship • As a hero • with a chthonic libation • As a god • upon an altar
Controversy: Hero or god!? Odysseus encounters Heracles in Hades: And next I caught a glimpse of powerful Heracles— His ghost I mean: the man himself delights in the grand feasts of the deathless gods on high. . . Around him cries of the dead rang out like cries of birds scattering left and right in horror as on he came like night. . . Critics • Ancient critics: • interrupts the vivid and complete description • Friedrich Solmsen: • "once people knew of Heracles' admission to Olympus, they would not tolerate his presence in the underworld"
Timeline • Birth and childhood • Youth • Labours of Hercules • Further adventures • Omphale • Hylas • Rescue of Prometheus • Heracles’ Constellation • Laomedon of Troy • Death The twelve tasks Slay the Nemean Lion. Slay the nine-headed Lernaean Hydra. Capture the Golden Hind of Artemis. Capture the Erymanthian Boar. Clean the Augean stables in a single day. Slay the Stymphalian Birds. Capture the Cretan Bull. Steal the Mares of Diomedes. Obtain the girdle of Hippolyta, Queen of the Amazons. 10. Obtain the cattle of the monster Geryon. 11. Steal the apples of the Hesperides (He had the help of Atlas to pick them after Hercules had slain Ladon). 12. Capture and bring back Cerberus. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.
Birth and childhood • Son of Zeus + Alcmene • Breast-feeding by Hera[plot by Athena] • Poison snakes
Youth • Kill his music tutor • Visit two nymphs pleasure / virtue • Married a princess Megara • Got mad by Hera’s curse • Killed his own child • Start his atonement [12 tasks]
Slay the Nemean Lion Inpenetratable skin Killed by his own hand
Slay the nine-headed Lernaean Hydra Poison blood
Capture the Golden Hind of Artemis. Catch Golden hind for Eurystheus Yet Apollo and Artemis were unhappy So tricked Eurystheus and released Hind infront of him and blem Eurystheus of acting too slow faild to catch the hind
Capture the Erymanthian Boar Fast gigantic boar Trapped it with the trap hidden in the snow
Clean the Augean stables in a single day Uncleaned for over 30 years have over 1000 cattles Make holes and draw river to clean it
Slay the Stymphalian Birds Man eating birds with copper like feather The bell give by Athena, frightened all birds fly into the sky And shoot them down and the rest never return
Capture the Cretan Bull Cretan king deceived Poseidon Mad white cow can blow fire and make lots of disaster
Steal the Mares of Diomedes Man eating horse Podagros「迅疾」 Lampon「閃耀」 Xanthos「金黃」 Deinos「恐怖」 Roger Lancelyn Green : claimed the horses were used in Trojan War
To fetch Hippolyta's girdle of gold Queen of amazons
Obtain the cattle of the monster Geryon: Giant had three bodies that were connected by one waist
To fetch the golden apples of the Hesperides Prometheus told Hercules his predicament, Hercules saved Prometheus. In turn, Prometheus told Hercules that Atlas, has the apple Tricked Atlas get the apple.
To bring Cerberus from Tartarus= hell Cerberus = 3 head dog + snake as tail Cerberus guard the hells gate. Poison saliva
Further adventures King Eurytus of Oechalia break the promise and got killed Make Iole his wife Taked Iphitus as best friend yet been killed due to Hera cursed again
Omphale Due to Iphitus’s death Hercules served the Omphale for three years as a slave and lover Hercules start to like woman’s clothes
Hylas Fall in love with the prince Hylas And save many heroin's Yet Hylas was kidnapped and Hercules heart torn apart and sent lots of time find him
Rescue of Prometheus Saved while in the task fetch the golden apples of the Hesperides
Laomedon of Troy Before Trojan war: Helping the Troy killed a sea monster Yet the king lied to him At the Trojan war: Hercules killed all his sons and robbed Troy
Death Deianderia: Hercules wife Nessus try to abduct Deianeria and get killed by Hercules Nessus tricked Deianeria that his poison blood actually can restore a man’s love Many years later rumor + Nessus blood killed Hurcules by a poison cloth.
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