- Slides: 14
Health Administration or Healthcare Administration is the field relating to leadership, management, and administration of public health systems, health care systems, hospitals, and hospital networks. Health care administrators are considered health care professionals.
Health Administration Sound Administration is essential for the success of any public health program whether on the national or the local level.
Definition of Sound Administration • We can define sound administration as: “ The process of achieving defined goals at a defined time through the guidance, leadership, and control of the efforts of a group of individuals and the efficient utilization of non-human resources bearing in mind adequacy, speed, and economy to the utmost possible level. ”
Another definition “Administration is the art and science of guidance, leadership, and control of the efforts of a group of individuals towards some common goal. ”
Management • Management is the operational part of administration. • It is defined as: “the process of dealing with or controlling things or people” Management includes planning, organizing, staffing, leading or directing, and controlling an organization to accomplish the goal.
A systems view of management: Process Inputs Human resources Non-human resources Conversion mechanism Outputs Objectives achievement
Management cont…. . • It is through “management” that the objectives of the health care organization are achieved by gathering and positioning of resources. – There are several elements for administration. In practice all these elements are interrelated to one another. – There also 3 levels of administration.
Elements of Administration: • • • Planning Organization Staffing Directing Coordinating • • Reporting Budgeting Supervising Evaluation
Levels of Administration Central level Intermediate level Local Level Ministry of health directorates of health e. g. health office, Hospital, health care unit
Management cont…. . • Every program must have – an overall (general) goal which confirms with that of the nation’s policy –various objectives to be achieved according to a definite plan.
Goals versus Objectives • A GOAL: A statement that describes in broad terms what the learner will do. • AN OBJECTIVE: A statement in specific and measurable terms that describes what the learner will know or be able to do. • The objective should include a description of “what” outcome is desired, “when” it is expected, and “where” it will take place.
Examples of Goals – The goal of the medical school curriculum is to enable students to deliver quality medical care in a supervised environment – The goal of the Introduction to Physical Exam course is to enable students to obtain a medical history and perform a physical examination – The goal of the ear exam lecture is to enable students to perform a normal ear exam
Examples of Learning Objectives • At the end of this lecture the first year student will be able to: – 1. Identify the normal landmarks of the tympanic membrane – 2. Demonstrate the proper way to hold an otoscope – 3. Position the patients head properly when observing the tympanic membrane