Hazard Communication and Awareness Training Presented by SFSU

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Hazard Communication and Awareness Training Presented by: SFSU EH&S Revised 11 -22 -16

Hazard Communication and Awareness Training Presented by: SFSU EH&S Revised 11 -22 -16

Training Topics • Training Scope • Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) Overview • Labeling and

Training Topics • Training Scope • Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) Overview • Labeling and Signage • (Material) Safety Data Sheets • Specific Building Hazards O O O 2 Asbestos Lead Mercury Agenda 2

The Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) • Purpose & Scope O O To ensure all

The Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) • Purpose & Scope O O To ensure all employees are informed about the hazardous chemicals they use or may be exposed to. Ensure employees have knowledge about how to protect themselves from the hazards and how to get more information • Core Elements of HCS (8 CCR § 5194) O O O 3 Ensure Employee’s know their rights under HCS Chemical Inventory Maintain Safety Data Sheets Labels and Warnings Employee Training Maintain a Written HCS Program

The Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) • Employee Rights Under the HCS O O To

The Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) • Employee Rights Under the HCS O O To know and understand the chemical hazards in your work area Not to be discriminated against for exercising your rights • Program Availability O O 4 SFSU EHS department EHS website: http: //ehs. sfsu. edu/content/health-safetyprograms

HCS Labels and Signage • All containers of hazardous chemicals must be properly labeled

HCS Labels and Signage • All containers of hazardous chemicals must be properly labeled • Laboratories and chemical storage must be labeled to inform all occupants of potential hazards inside 5 5

HCS 2012 New Labeling Requirements • By June 1, 2015, all new chemical container

HCS 2012 New Labeling Requirements • By June 1, 2015, all new chemical container labels will be required to have: O O O Supplier identification The product identifier Signal word* Hazard statement(s)* Precautionary statement(s)* Pictogram(s)* NOTE: Most major vendors comply with the format now 6 6

Labeling: Signal Words • Signal word: One word used to indicate the relative severity

Labeling: Signal Words • Signal word: One word used to indicate the relative severity of hazard (on the label and safety data sheet). “Warning” for less severe hazard categories “Danger” for more severe hazard categories. • Lower categories of classification (i. e. “caution”) and unclassified products do not require pictograms or signal words under GHS. 7 7

Labeling: Hazard & Precautionary Statements • Hazard Statements O Describe the nature of the

Labeling: Hazard & Precautionary Statements • Hazard Statements O Describe the nature of the hazard(s): § “Highly flammable liquid and vapor. ” § “May cause liver and kidney damage. ” § “Can cause severe skin burns and eye damage. ” • Precautionary Statements O Describe: recommended measures to take to minimize/prevent adverse effects § “Do not breathe vapors. ” § “Wear protective gloves. ” § “Wash hands thoroughly after handling. ” 8 8

Health Hazard Pictograms HEALTH hazards cause harm to your body in either an acute

Health Hazard Pictograms HEALTH hazards cause harm to your body in either an acute or chronic way Health Hazard Carcinogen Respiratory Sensitizer Reproductive Toxicity Irritant Skin Sensitizer Respiratory Irritant Narcotic Effects Acute Toxicity Severe 9

Physical Hazard Pictograms Explosives Corrosion Gases Under Pressure Flammables 10 Oxidizers

Physical Hazard Pictograms Explosives Corrosion Gases Under Pressure Flammables 10 Oxidizers

Example New Label 11 11

Example New Label 11 11

(Material) Safety Data Sheets • The Hazard Communication Standard requires that all employers maintain

(Material) Safety Data Sheets • The Hazard Communication Standard requires that all employers maintain current Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) on site for each chemical in the workplace. • Each chemical use area should have access to the SDSs of the materials in use. Ask the area supervisor, building coordinator, or EHS department for help if you cannot find an SDS you’re looking for. 12 12

Safety Data Sheets • Developed by the chemical manufacturer • Must be revised or

Safety Data Sheets • Developed by the chemical manufacturer • Must be revised or replaced when new information is discovered about a chemical’s hazards 13 13

Content of SDSs 1. Identification 2. Hazard Identification 9. Physical & Chemical Properties 3.

Content of SDSs 1. Identification 2. Hazard Identification 9. Physical & Chemical Properties 3. Composition 10. Stability & Reactivity 4. First Aid Measures 11. Toxicological Info. 5. Fire Fighting Measures 12. Ecological Info. 6. Accidental Release 13. Disposal Considerations Measures 7. Handling & Storage 8. Exposure Controls/ Personal Protection 14 14. Transport Info. 15. Regulatory Info. 16. Other Info. 14

Section 1: Identification Product Name Part Number CAS Number Other Common Names Description Uses

Section 1: Identification Product Name Part Number CAS Number Other Common Names Description Uses Supplier Identification Emergency Number 15

Section 2: Hazard Identification Classification Signal Word Hazard Statement Pictogram(s) 16

Section 2: Hazard Identification Classification Signal Word Hazard Statement Pictogram(s) 16

Section 2: Hazard Identification (cont. ) 17

Section 2: Hazard Identification (cont. ) 17

Section 2: Hazard Identification 18 (cont. )

Section 2: Hazard Identification 18 (cont. )

Section 2: Hazard Identification (cont. ) Precautionary Statements Prevention Response Storage Disposal Other Hazards

Section 2: Hazard Identification (cont. ) Precautionary Statements Prevention Response Storage Disposal Other Hazards 19

Section 3: Composition/Ingredients Chemical Name Common Names CAS Number Concentration 20

Section 3: Composition/Ingredients Chemical Name Common Names CAS Number Concentration 20

Section 4: First-Aid Measures What to do before professionals arrive Immediate and delayed symptoms

Section 4: First-Aid Measures What to do before professionals arrive Immediate and delayed symptoms When to seek immediate help 21

Section 5: Fire Fighting Measures What to do if there is a fire How

Section 5: Fire Fighting Measures What to do if there is a fire How to extinguish the fire What could happen What firefighters need 22

Section 6: Accidental Release Measures What to do for spills, leaks or releases How

Section 6: Accidental Release Measures What to do for spills, leaks or releases How to contain and clean up Emergency procedures Who to call for help 23

Section 7: Handling and Storage How to safely handle the product Protective measures to

Section 7: Handling and Storage How to safely handle the product Protective measures to take during use Safe storage conditions 24

Section 8: Exposure/Personal Protection Exposure Limits Engineering controls Required PPE 25

Section 8: Exposure/Personal Protection Exposure Limits Engineering controls Required PPE 25

Section 9: Physical & Chemical Properties Details on chemical properties Appearance Color Odor Viscosity

Section 9: Physical & Chemical Properties Details on chemical properties Appearance Color Odor Viscosity 26

Section 10: Stability & Reactivity How chemical can become unstable What situations cause reactions

Section 10: Stability & Reactivity How chemical can become unstable What situations cause reactions What reactions can be 27

Section 11: Toxicological Information Tells how the chemical gets into the body Details exposure

Section 11: Toxicological Information Tells how the chemical gets into the body Details exposure effects Describes exposure symptoms 28

Section 12: Ecological Information Tells impact on the environment What are effects on water

Section 12: Ecological Information Tells impact on the environment What are effects on water and soil Other assessments 29

Section 13: Disposal Considerations How to safely dispose product Ways to recycle or reclaim

Section 13: Disposal Considerations How to safely dispose product Ways to recycle or reclaim What to do with containers 30

Section 14: Transport Information Classification information for shipping Packaging information Additional environmental hazards 31

Section 14: Transport Information Classification information for shipping Packaging information Additional environmental hazards 31

Section 15: Regulatory Information Provides any other regulations not covered in other sections 32

Section 15: Regulatory Information Provides any other regulations not covered in other sections 32

Section 16: Other Information Provides abbreviations and acronyms Date SDS was created or revised

Section 16: Other Information Provides abbreviations and acronyms Date SDS was created or revised May detail any changes to other versions 33

Summary of Hazard Communication • It is your Right to KNOW and UNDERSTAND the

Summary of Hazard Communication • It is your Right to KNOW and UNDERSTAND the hazards you work with. O O 34 Seek information: Labels, Signs, SDSs, Training, your Supervisor 16 -Sections of detailed information about the product and its properties, how to use it, store it and transport it safely including what to do if there is a spill or accident.

Building-Specific Hazards Asbestos, Lead and Mercury

Building-Specific Hazards Asbestos, Lead and Mercury

Asbestos Awareness • Asbestos: Notice to Employees (Connelly Act, AB 3713) • All SFSU

Asbestos Awareness • Asbestos: Notice to Employees (Connelly Act, AB 3713) • All SFSU personnel to be notified of the presence of asbestos in building materials • A survey identifying those areas at SFSU where asbestos containing building materials (ACBM) are present is available at Capital Planning Design and Construction. 36

Asbestos in Building Materials • Acoustical (Popcorn) Ceiling Material • Sheet Flooring Products •

Asbestos in Building Materials • Acoustical (Popcorn) Ceiling Material • Sheet Flooring Products • Transite I Flue Pipes • Gypsum Wallboard Joint Compound or Texturing Materials • Thermal Systems Insulation (TSI) • Floor Tile and Adhesive • Fire Doors • Fire Proofing 37 • Roofing Materials • Exterior Stucco or siding • Transite I panels & pipes

Acoustical Ceiling Material 38

Acoustical Ceiling Material 38

Pipe Lagging • Central Utilities Plant • Tunnel • Mechanical Core 39

Pipe Lagging • Central Utilities Plant • Tunnel • Mechanical Core 39

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Floor Tile and Mastic 41

Floor Tile and Mastic 41

Sheet Flooring Products 42

Sheet Flooring Products 42

Fire Doors 43

Fire Doors 43

Fire Proofing 44

Fire Proofing 44

Gypsum Wallboard Joint Compound or Texturing Materials 45

Gypsum Wallboard Joint Compound or Texturing Materials 45

What Do You Do if You See Damaged ACM? • Inform supervisor and/or EHS

What Do You Do if You See Damaged ACM? • Inform supervisor and/or EHS right away DO NOT DISTURB ANY ASBESTOS CONTAINING MATERIALS OR MATERIALS YOU SUSPECT TO CONTAIN ASBESTOS Only a SFSU approved contractor may do so!! 46

SFSU Asbestos Labeling System • Impacted pipe insulation label (ex. : in basement): •

SFSU Asbestos Labeling System • Impacted pipe insulation label (ex. : in basement): • Additional means of warning are underdevelopment O Ubiquitous materials: § Floor tiles, fire-proofing that don’t support a distinct label 47

Health Effects of Asbestos Exposure • Mesothelioma O Cancer of the plural membrane (20

Health Effects of Asbestos Exposure • Mesothelioma O Cancer of the plural membrane (20 to 40 year latency period) O Diagnosis to death is approximately 6 months • Lung Cancer (Greatest number of deaths) • Asbestosis O Progressive pulmonary fibrosis O Fibers have accumulate in the lungs and have caused scaring in the alveoli O Incurable: usually disabling and can be fatal • Heart Disease, Pulmonary Hypertension, Immunological effects 48

Lead Awareness • Soft blue-gray metal • Found in the natural environment • Was

Lead Awareness • Soft blue-gray metal • Found in the natural environment • Was added to paint and gasoline in past **Lead Paint is assumed present if a structure built before 1978** 49 the natural ore galena

Lead-Based Paint Room with peeling lead paint BEFORE remediation 50

Lead-Based Paint Room with peeling lead paint BEFORE remediation 50

Lead is What Jobs Involve Lead? • Lead smelting or mining • Construction/ remodeling

Lead is What Jobs Involve Lead? • Lead smelting or mining • Construction/ remodeling • Automobile repair • Plumbing • Police officers/military • Many others 51

What Hobbies Involve Lead? • Car repair • Artistic painting • Stained glass •

What Hobbies Involve Lead? • Car repair • Artistic painting • Stained glass • Pottery glazing • Soldering • Target shooting • Making bullets, slugs or fishing sinkers 52

Lead Health Effects – Biological Fate • Most lead is excreted • Children and

Lead Health Effects – Biological Fate • Most lead is excreted • Children and pregnant women absorb more lead than others • Exchanged between blood, soft tissues, and mineralizing tissues • Overexposure can impact neurological, reproductive & circulatory systems, bones, and kidneys 53

Lead – Exposure Prevention at Work • Peeling lead paint has been removed and

Lead – Exposure Prevention at Work • Peeling lead paint has been removed and repaired in Science during the closure • Do not disturb (e. g. , scrape, abrade, penetrate) walls in your areas. O O Use tape to hang pictures or photos. Request assistance for any invasive penetrations. • If paint appears damaged, report it so proper repair may be conducted • Jobs on campus with the greatest potential exposure are housekeeping & facilities maintenance. O 54 These personnel are going to receive specific training

Mercury Hazard Awareness • Mercury is a liquid metal • Environmentally persistent and bioaccumulates

Mercury Hazard Awareness • Mercury is a liquid metal • Environmentally persistent and bioaccumulates in the food chain. • Present in both organic and inorganic forms. O 55 Thermometers, vacuum pumps, manometers, fluorescent light bulbs, etc.

Mercury Awareness • Mercury in laboratory areas is sometimes found: O O O 56

Mercury Awareness • Mercury in laboratory areas is sometimes found: O O O 56 In sink “p” traps On some archeological artifacts (as past pesticide treatment) Affected Science building areas have been cleaned

Mercury Hazards • There are numerous compounds that may contain mercury. O Liquid mercury

Mercury Hazards • There are numerous compounds that may contain mercury. O Liquid mercury has often been used in thermometers, manometers, and lighting switches • Primary route of toxic exposure is by inhalation. O Liquid mercury slowly evaporates when exposed to air • Health effects include: O O 57 Central nervous system effects (can be permanent) Flu-like symptoms at high inhalation exposures Reproductive hazard (in animals) Not a known carcinogen

Mercury in the Workplace • Avoid handling free mercury. • Any spilled mercury materials

Mercury in the Workplace • Avoid handling free mercury. • Any spilled mercury materials must be cleaned up properly in a timely manner. O Report a spill to your Building Coordinator for cleanup assistance! • Mercury thermometers should be replaced with the non-toxic equivalent if available. O 58 In 2011 SF banned the sale, import, and manufacturing of mercury thermometers

Training Review • This Training Provided an Overview of Hazard Communication Principles and some

Training Review • This Training Provided an Overview of Hazard Communication Principles and some specific Building Hazards • Any Questions – Ask your Supervisor or Contact EHS Directly at x 82565 The End 59 59