Haiti Seomra Ranga 2010 www seomraranga com Haiti

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Haiti © Seomra Ranga 2010 www. seomraranga. com

Haiti © Seomra Ranga 2010 www. seomraranga. com

Haiti © Seomra Ranga 2010 www. seomraranga. com

Haiti © Seomra Ranga 2010 www. seomraranga. com

Haiti flag including coat of arms © Seomra Ranga 2010 www. seomraranga. com

Haiti flag including coat of arms © Seomra Ranga 2010 www. seomraranga. com

Haiti • Official Name: Republic of Haiti • Local Name: République d’Haïti • Location:

Haiti • Official Name: Republic of Haiti • Local Name: République d’Haïti • Location: the western third of the island of Hispaniola in the West Indies in the Caribbean Sea • Area: 27, 750 km 2 / 10, 712 m 2 • Population: 10 million (pre-2009 estimate) • Time Zone: GMT -5 © Seomra Ranga 2010 www. seomraranga. com

Haiti • Capital: Port-au-Prince • Chief Towns: Port-de-Paix, Cap-Haïtien, Gonaïves, Les Cayes, Jacmel, Jérémie

Haiti • Capital: Port-au-Prince • Chief Towns: Port-de-Paix, Cap-Haïtien, Gonaïves, Les Cayes, Jacmel, Jérémie • Currency: 1 Gourde (G, Gde) = 100 centimes • Languages: French, Creole • Religions: Catholic 80%, Protestant 15% • Ethnic Groups: Black 95%, Mulatto and White 5% © Seomra Ranga 2010 www. seomraranga. com

Haiti Climate • • Tropical maritime Average monthly temperatures 240 – 290 Wet Season:

Haiti Climate • • Tropical maritime Average monthly temperatures 240 – 290 Wet Season: May – September Hurricanes are common © Seomra Ranga 2010 www. seomraranga. com

Haiti Government • President elected by popular vote for a fiveyear term • Prime

Haiti Government • President elected by popular vote for a fiveyear term • Prime Minister appointed by the President • Cabinet chosen by the Prime Minister in consultation with the President © Seomra Ranga 2010 www. seomraranga. com

Haiti Economy • Mostly based on agriculture • Large plantations grow coffee, sugar, sisal,

Haiti Economy • Mostly based on agriculture • Large plantations grow coffee, sugar, sisal, rice, bananas, corn, sorghum, cocoa, mangoes • Other industries include flour milling, cement, light assembly industries, lobster fishing, tourism © Seomra Ranga 2010 www. seomraranga. com

Haiti History • Hispaniola discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1492 • Haiti created when

Haiti History • Hispaniola discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1492 • Haiti created when France took over western third of the island in 1697 • 1791 -1804 Haitian Revolution, the only successful slave revolution in the New World • 1804 Haitian Independence declared • Haiti had an Emperor until 1859, when it became a republic © Seomra Ranga 2010 www. seomraranga. com

Haiti History • 1822 -1844 Haiti was united with Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic) •

Haiti History • 1822 -1844 Haiti was united with Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic) • 1915 -1934 Haiti under US occupation • 1957 – 1986 Haiti under absolute power of Duvalier family • 1990 Jean-Bertrand Aristide elected President but soon had to flee into exile • 1994 Jean-Bertrand Aristide returned as President © Seomra Ranga 2010 www. seomraranga. com

Haiti History • 1996 René Préval elected President • 2004 Haiti Rebellion • 2006

Haiti History • 1996 René Préval elected President • 2004 Haiti Rebellion • 2006 René Préval again elected President © Seomra Ranga 2010 www. seomraranga. com

Haiti Poverty • Even before the 2010 earthquake, Haiti was recognised as the poorest

Haiti Poverty • Even before the 2010 earthquake, Haiti was recognised as the poorest country in the Americas • People survive, on average, on $2 per day • About 80% of the population live in poverty • 50% of the population are illiterate • Many people live in slums • Many children are forced into slavery, working as unpaid servants © Seomra Ranga 2010 www. seomraranga. com

Haiti Poverty • Corruption has been widespread • Drug trafficking is a major industry

Haiti Poverty • Corruption has been widespread • Drug trafficking is a major industry • Haiti survives on Foreign Aid © Seomra Ranga 2010 www. seomraranga. com

Haiti Earthquake • January 12 th 2010 an earthquake measuring 7. 0 on the

Haiti Earthquake • January 12 th 2010 an earthquake measuring 7. 0 on the Richter Scale strikes Haiti and devastates the capital Port-au-Prince as well as other towns • 33 aftershocks recorded • More than 100, 000 people believed to have been killed • 3 million people affected by the earthquake © Seomra Ranga 2010 www. seomraranga. com

Haiti Earthquake, January 12 th, 2010 © Seomra Ranga 2010 www. seomraranga. com

Haiti Earthquake, January 12 th, 2010 © Seomra Ranga 2010 www. seomraranga. com

Haiti • • • How to donate money: Concern (www. concern. ie) Goal (www.

Haiti • • • How to donate money: Concern (www. concern. ie) Goal (www. goal. ie) UNICEF (www. unicef. ie) Trócaire (www. trocaire. org) Irish Red Cross (www. redcross. ie) Medecins Sans Frontiers (www. msf. ie) Haven (www. havenpartnership. com) CBM (www. cbm. ie) Christian Aid (www. christianaid. ie) Oxfam (www. oxfamireland. org) © Seomra Ranga 2010 www. seomraranga. com