- Slides: 26
Gun Violence and Domestic Violence
Why Talk about Three Different Issues? Gun Violence Stalking Domestic Violence
Ground rules RESPECT Ask questions! Balance your discomfort Self-care
Why Talk about This Issue? 1 in 4 • Women experience domestic abuse in the U. S. 79% • Likelihood that a woman murdered by an intimate partner with a gun reported being stalked 500% • Increased likelihood that a domestic violence victim will be killed by their partner if a gun is in the vicinity
Domestic Abuse A pattern of coercive, controlling behavior that can include physical abuse, emotional or psychological abuse, sexual abuse or financial abuse (using money and financial tools to exert control) Gun violence is particularly likely in these situations
Stalking A course of conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to feel fear Gun violence is also more likely in this situation
Order of Protection An official command issued by a court to refrain from certain activity Filed by one person (the petitioner) against another person (the respondent) The terms of the order apply only to the respondent Common terms: ceasing or limiting contact, keeping a minimum distance from the petitioner or her home or place of work Sometimes called a “restraining order”
Peace of Mind
“Peace of Mind” – A State-by-State Simulation 1) Do your state’s laws expand the definition of “dating partners”?
“Peace of Mind” – A State-by-State Simulation 2) Does your state require the abuser to surrender all firearms upon a misdemeanor domestic violence conviction?
“Peace of Mind” – A State-by-State Simulation 3) Does your state have universal background checks?
“Peace of Mind” – A State-by-State Simulation 4) Does your state enter abusers into the background check database?
“Peace of Mind” – A State-by-State Simulation 5) Does your state require the abuser to surrender firearms upon a misdemeanor stalking conviction?
“Peace of Mind” – A State-by-State Simulation 6) Does your state require the abuser to surrender firearms upon the issuance of a domestic violence order of protection?
“Peace of Mind” – A State-by-State Simulation 7) Does your state requires law enforcement to seize the firearm used as a weapon at the scene of a domestic abuse incident?
Debrief What did you learn? What surprised you?
What do Jewish values teach us?
Gun Violence and Domestic Violence LEGISLATIVE UPDATE
Some Legislative History… Lautenberg Amendment Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) Brady Bill Federal Laws Regulating Guns and Domestic Violence
Brady Bill Enacted in 1993 Established background checks on many gun sales Prohibits people convicted of domestic violence misdemeanors, and people convicted of stalking, from purchasing guns Does not prohibit them from possessing guns
Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) Passed in 1994 First law that made domestic violence a crime under federal law Landmark, bipartisan law to combat violence against women Amended and reauthorized throughout the years
Lautenberg Amendment Written by Sen. Frank Lautenberg (D-NJ) in 1996 Prohibits people convicted of a domestic violence misdemeanor from possessing or purchasing guns LOOPHOLE: Only applies to relationships where the partners are married, living together, or have a child
State Laws Some haven’t Navigating the legal landscape is difficult Many states have enacted their own laws Why we need a federal law
Protecting Domestic Violence and Stalking Victims Act (S. 1520) 1. Expand the definition of “dating partners” to extend protections to victims of domestic abuse in cases with a non-married partner 2. Restrict those who have been convicted of stalking from purchasing guns from dealers who require background checks
Protecting Domestic Violence and Stalking Victims Act Introduced by Sen. Amy Klobuchar Advocacy for this bill was part of NFTY’s “Wear Orange” campaign
What can we do?