GSI Helmholtzzentrum fr Schwerionenforschung Gmb H Cryogenic Current

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GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H Cryogenic Current Comparator – Status at GSI/FAIR -

GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H Cryogenic Current Comparator – Status at GSI/FAIR - GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H

Outline § Overview and timeline of the FAIR project at GSI § Cryogenic Current

Outline § Overview and timeline of the FAIR project at GSI § Cryogenic Current Comparators as German In-Kind to FAIR § CCCs in HEBT section of FAIR § CCC inside Collector Ring CR § Testbed for CCC inside [email protected] § Results of the recent CCC beam tests see Febin‘s presentation GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H

GSI and the FAIR Modularized Start Version Existing GSI facility: UNILAC & SIS 18

GSI and the FAIR Modularized Start Version Existing GSI facility: UNILAC & SIS 18 as injectors p-LINAC: high current 70 m. A, 70 Me. V UNILAC: SIS 100: 100 Tm, Length: 120 Superconducting, m 1 -29 Energy: 11 Ge. V/u, Me. V/u high current operation p to U p: 2. 5 1013, U 28+: 5 1011 /pulse SIS 100 and SIS 300 HESR HEBT S-FRS HEBT: fast & slow extraction, low & high currents CSIS 18: production of rare-isotope beams (RIB) R RESR 100 CR: stochastic cooling of RIB and pbar m Circumference: 216 m NESR HESR: storage and acceleration of pbar to 15 Ge. V/u Energy up to 2 Ge. V/u acceleration Not included in Modularized Start Version: of all ion species SIS 300: 300 Tm, acceleration up to 30 Ge. V/u (protons to uranium) S-FRS: RESR: accumulation of pbar, deceleration of RIB NESR: versatile experimental ring for stable ions, RIB, pbar cooling, gas-target, e-A collider GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H 3

Facility for Antiproton & Ion Research Nuclear Structure & Astrophysics (Rare-isotope beams) Hadron Physics

Facility for Antiproton & Ion Research Nuclear Structure & Astrophysics (Rare-isotope beams) Hadron Physics (Stored and cooled 14 Ge. V/c anti-protons) UNIL p-Linac SIS 18 SIS 100/300 AC QCD-Phase Diagram (HI beams 2 to 45 Ge. V/u) HESR Rare-Isotope Production Target Fundamental Symmetries & Ultra-High EM Fields (Antiprotons & highly stripped ions) Dense Bulk Plasmas (Ion-beam bunch compression & petawatt-laser) Materials Science & Radiation Biology (Ion & antiproton beams) Anti-Proton Production Target CR & RESR Cryring NESR 100 m Accelerator Physics Courtesy: Ingo Augustin GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H 4

FAIR Experiments CBM APPA Super-FRS PANDA Courtesy: Ingo Augustin GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb.

FAIR Experiments CBM APPA Super-FRS PANDA Courtesy: Ingo Augustin GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H Nu. STAR 5

Satellite’s View 2. 5 km Google Earth for FAIR 7. 12. 2013 Courtesy: Ingo

Satellite’s View 2. 5 km Google Earth for FAIR 7. 12. 2013 Courtesy: Ingo Augustin GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H 6

. . . closing in Courtesy: Ingo Augustin GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H

. . . closing in Courtesy: Ingo Augustin GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H 7

MSV Civil Construction Synchrotrons: 1. 1 km HESR: 0. 6 km With beamlines: 3.

MSV Civil Construction Synchrotrons: 1. 1 km HESR: 0. 6 km With beamlines: 3. 2 km Existing SIS 18 Total area > 200 000 m 2 Area buildings ~ 98 000 m 2 Usable area ~ 135 000 m 2 Volume of buildings ~ 1 049 000 m 3 Substructure: ~ 1500 pillars, up to 65 m deep GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H Courtesy: Ingo Augustin 8

. . . with complex interior Central Switchyard Building down to 18 m below

. . . with complex interior Central Switchyard Building down to 18 m below ground Courtesy: Ingo Augustin GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H 9

Timeline MSV 2011 2012 6 7 8 9 2013 2014 2015 2016 6 Submission

Timeline MSV 2011 2012 6 7 8 9 2013 2014 2015 2016 6 Submission of construction application 7 Start Site preparation 8 First civil construction contracts 9 Building of accelerator & detector components 2017 10 11 2018 2019 12 10 Civil construction partly finished 11 Start installing & commissioning accelerator and detector components 12 Start commissioning with beam Courtesy: Ingo Augustin GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H 10

Project planning work package structure 6 Machine projects GSI & FZJ (HESR) 102 Work

Project planning work package structure 6 Machine projects GSI & FZJ (HESR) 102 Work packages 262 MSP project plans 5 MSP plans for buildings 4 Experiments 51 Work packages 30 MSP experiment plans In addition: 72 MSP department plans (general dep. tasks without PSP Code) Courtesy: O. Kester GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H

FAIR@GSI: Machines & Work Packages Courtesy: O. Kester GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H

[email protected]: Machines & Work Packages Courtesy: O. Kester GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H

German Inkinds CCC as German Inkind assigned to GSI as German shareholder of the

German Inkinds CCC as German Inkind assigned to GSI as German shareholder of the FAIR project. GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H

IKRB-Decision, 20 Feb 2013 On GSI contributions to HEBT beam diagnostics: The IKRB recommends

IKRB-Decision, 20 Feb 2013 On GSI contributions to HEBT beam diagnostics: The IKRB recommends to the Council to assign the HEBT beam diagnostics components with the specified PSP codes (all from CB version 6. 12) to the German Shareholder GSI as in-kind contribution: 2. 3. 6. 1. 1. 6, 2. 3. 6. 2. 1. 1, 2. 3. 6. 2. 1. 2, 2. 3. 6. 2. 1. 3, 2. 3. 6. 2. 1. 4, 2. 3. 6. 2. 1. 5, 2. 3. 6. 2. 1. 6, 2. 3. 6. 3. 1. 1, 2. 3. 6. 3. 1. 3. 2, 2. 3. 6. 3. 1. 4, 2. 3. 6. 3. 1. 5. 1, 2. 3. 6. 3. 1. 5. 3, 2. 3. 6. 3. 1. 6, 2. 3. 6. 5. 2. 6, 2. 3. 6. 5. 3. 1, 2. 3. 6. 5. 3. 3. 0, 2. 3. 6. 5. 3. 4, 2. 3. 6. 5. 3. 5. 0, 2. 3. 6. 5. 3. 5. 1, 2. 3. 6. 5. 3. 5. 4, 2. 3. 6. 5. 3. 6, 2. 3. 6. 5. 4. 6. For information: The corresponding in-kind contract is planned to be ready for signing during the 2 nd quarter of 2015. GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H

IKRB-Decision, 20 Feb 2013 On GSI contributions to S-FRS and CR beam diagnostics: The

IKRB-Decision, 20 Feb 2013 On GSI contributions to S-FRS and CR beam diagnostics: The IKRB recommends to the Council to assign the S-FRS and CR beam diagnostics components with the specified PSP codes (all from CB version 6. 13) to the German Shareholder GSI as in-kind contribution: 2. 4. 6. 3. 1, 2. 5. 6. 1. 3. 2, 2. 5. 6. 1. 3. 3, 2. 5. 6. 1. 3. 4, 2. 5. 6. 1. 3. 5, 2. 5. 6. 1. 3. 6, 2. 5. 6. 3. 1. 6, 2. 5. 6. 4. 1. 1, 2. 5. 6. 4. 1. 2, 2. 5. 6. 4. 1. 3, 2. 5. 6. 4. 1. 4, 2. 5. 6. 4. 1. 5. 0, 2. 5. 6. 4. 1. 5. 1, 2. 5. 6. 6. 1. 6, 2. 5. 6. 6. 3. 6, 2. 5. 6. 7. 1. 6, 2. 5. 6. 7. 2. 6. For information: The corresponding in-kind contract is planned to be ready for signing during the 4 th quarter of 2015. GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H

German In-Kind: CCC for HEBT, CR HEBT: 4 CCC installations foreseen for measurement of

German In-Kind: CCC for HEBT, CR HEBT: 4 CCC installations foreseen for measurement of slowly extracted beams HEBT 2. 3. 6. 2 Cryo Current Comparator HEBT 2. 3. 6. 2. 1. 1 Detector 4 HEBT 2. 3. 6. 2. 1. 2 Vacuum Chamber 4 HEBT 2. 3. 6. 2. 1. 3 Mechanics 4 HEBT 2. 3. 6. 2. 1. 4 Long Cables 4 HEBT 2. 3. 6. 2. 1. 5 Detector Gas / Cryogenics 4 HEBT 2. 3. 6. 2. 1. 6 Data Acquisition (per channel) 4 Cryo Current Comparator 4 CR: 1 CCC for online intensity measurement of circulating beam CR 2. 5. 6. 1. 3 Cryogenic Current Comparator CR 2. 5. 6. 1. 3. 1 Detector 1 CR 2. 5. 6. 1. 3. 2 Vacuum Chamber & Cryostat 1 CR 2. 5. 6. 1. 3. 3 Mechanics - Niobium Shield 1 CR 2. 5. 6. 1. 3. 4 Long Cables 1 CR 2. 5. 6. 1. 3. 5 Detector Gas / Cryogenics 1 CR 2. 5. 6. 1. 3. 6 Data Acquisition (per channel) 1 GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H

High Energy Beam Transport - HEBT GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H

High Energy Beam Transport - HEBT GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H

Technical System Design – Tunnels and Buildings G 017. 1 T 110 G 004

Technical System Design – Tunnels and Buildings G 017. 1 T 110 G 004 A T 101 T 108 N T 112 G 018 T 104 T 113 G 050 G 006 C T 103 T 106 with HEBT Beamline T 108 S G 0 07 with HEBT Supply Courtesy: F. Hagenbuck GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H 18

Overview - HEBT beamlines- CCC SIS 100 SIS 18 HEBT A CBM HEBT B

Overview - HEBT beamlines- CCC SIS 100 SIS 18 HEBT A CBM HEBT B HEBT C CCC SFRSTarg APPA HESR PP Pbar. Targ CR Courtesy: F. Hagenbuck GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H

HEBT System Design SFRS SIS 100/300 DUMP SIS 18 Courtesy: F. Hagenbuck Transfergebäude GSI

HEBT System Design SFRS SIS 100/300 DUMP SIS 18 Courtesy: F. Hagenbuck Transfergebäude GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H

Technical System Design SFRS DUMP SIS 18 SIS 100 SIS 18 CBM CBM HESR

Technical System Design SFRS DUMP SIS 18 SIS 100 SIS 18 CBM CBM HESR PP/AP SFRSTarg Pbar. Targ SIS 100/300 CR SIS 100/300 Courtesy: F. Hagenbuck GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H 21

Technical System Design SIS 18 CBM SIS 100/300 Courtesy: F. Hagenbuck GSI Helmholtzzentrum für

Technical System Design SIS 18 CBM SIS 100/300 Courtesy: F. Hagenbuck GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H 22

CCC Installations in HEBT Beamline Location Extraction type Particle species CCC slow, fast ions,

CCC Installations in HEBT Beamline Location Extraction type Particle species CCC slow, fast ions, protons T 1 X 1 SIS 100 extraction slow, fast ions, protons T 1 D 1 SIS 100 dump slow ions, protons TFF 1 SFRSTarget slow ions T 3 C 1 SIS 300 extraction slow ions, protons SIS 300 dump slow ions, protons For all 6 beam lines above: minimal Intensity: 104 pps maximal intensity: 1012 pps Ion Maximum Beam Current [slow extraction, 1 s] p 160 n. A U 28+ 4. 5 µA GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H CCC Phase B SIS 18 SIS 100 FAIR Startversion (Modules 0 -3) T 1 S 1 T 3 D 1 Stage CCC CCC

Example: Slow Extraction to CBM Experiment The Au beam is produced in the following

Example: Slow Extraction to CBM Experiment The Au beam is produced in the following steps: UNILAC • Au 4+ is produced in the MEVVA source, • Au 25+ is produced in the UNILAC gas stripper at 1. 4 Me. V/u, • Accelerated in UNILAC to 11. 4 Me. V/u , • Stripping of Au 25+ ions to Au 65+ ions in the TK Stripper, • 4 pulses are produced in ~1 s (2. 7 Hz) . SIS 18 • Accelerates each pulse to 1 Ge. V/u, • Needs ~1. 6 s for 4 batches (including pre- and post processing) as limited by ion source. HEBT • transfer and stripping of Au 65+ ions to Au 79+ ions. SIS 100 • Injection of 4 batches from SIS 18 needs ~1. 1 s • Acceleration to 11 Ge. V/u • KO-Extraction, spill length 1 - 10 s • Repetition Time ~3 - 13 s Reference Production chain for operation in MSV Beam Parameters UNILAC SIS 18 SIS 100 Ion types Au 25+ Au 79+ Time structure Slow extraction Number of ions per pulse 1010 Ref. energy [Ge. V/u] 4 Energy range [Ge. V/u] Transverse emittance RMS [mm mrad] Pulse length [s] 2 -11 3 x 3 na na 10 Momentum spread 10 -5 GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H

Collector Ring - CR GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H

Collector Ring - CR GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H

Progress on the Collector Ring Ø The Technical Design Report of the CR has

Progress on the Collector Ring Ø The Technical Design Report of the CR has been updated and approved in February 2014. Ø In-kind Review Board (IKRB) meeting (01. 04. 20014) assigns a major part of the CR components (63 %) to Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics (BINP) Ø Contract on transfer of the CR system responsibility to BINP is prepared. After Council decision it can be signed. Ø BINP and GSI make good progress in design and procurement of CR components GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H

CR and beam parameters Courtesy: O. Chorniy GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H

CR and beam parameters Courtesy: O. Chorniy GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H

BD components in CR and electronic room Location of beam diagnostic devices in tunnel

BD components in CR and electronic room Location of beam diagnostic devices in tunnel Distribution of the DAQ for different components among available racks Courtesy: O. Chorniy GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H

Official CR layouts from TDR CR and RESR rings in common building with stochastic

Official CR layouts from TDR CR and RESR rings in common building with stochastic cooling lines of the CR Schematic layout of the CR with major installations and its nomenclature. GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H Courtesy: O. Chorniy

Collector Ring (CR) RF – cavities Stochastic cooling Pick-Up Injection Kicker magnets Stochastic cooling

Collector Ring (CR) RF – cavities Stochastic cooling Pick-Up Injection Kicker magnets Stochastic cooling Kickers Courtesy: A. Dolinskii GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H

CCC in CR CR scheme and present location of CCC Particles distribution at the

CCC in CR CR scheme and present location of CCC Particles distribution at the present location of CCC. Pbar optic 71. 150 mm diameter GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H Courtesy: O. Chorniy

CRYRING @ ESR GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H

CRYRING @ ESR GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H

SIS FRS CRYRING @ ESR UNILAC /u 4 Me. V 11 Me. V/u Courtesy:

SIS FRS CRYRING @ ESR UNILAC /u 4 Me. V 11 Me. V/u Courtesy: F. Herfurth "HITRAP and CRYRING - deceleration of HCI and p-bar" GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H ESR 400 Me. V/u GSI

Timeline CRYRING @ ESR Operation of ion source and injector: End 2014 GSI Complete

Timeline CRYRING @ ESR Operation of ion source and injector: End 2014 GSI Complete ring installed: Mid 2015 SIS First test runs with preliminary vacuum conditions: Fall 2015 FRS Machine commissioning + vacuum improvement until spring 2016 first physics experiments UNILAC Courtesy: F. Herfurth GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H Experiment section /u 4 Me. V 11 Me. V/u 400 Me. V/u Start of installations: Now ESR CRYRING @ ESR

~3 , 3 m pe tky ot h Sc Ex ag i d /

~3 , 3 m pe tky ot h Sc Ex ag i d / rim en t CRYRING Characteristics Reconfigured from MSL setup Injection Extraction Increased circumference ESR/2 = 54 m New injection and extraction schemes Magnetic rigidity: 0. 052 – 1. 44 Tm Proton energy range: 0. 14 – 96 Me. V Intensity range (from injector): <50 m. A A/q max (from RFQ): 4 Vacuum: 10 -9 (start) – 10 -12 mbar (final) Beam pipe diameters: 100 – 150 mm EC OO p a F g L Courtesy: F. Herfurth GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H H 35

Summary & Outlook § § § FAIR project progressing well (acc installation >= 2017)

Summary & Outlook § § § FAIR project progressing well (acc installation >= 2017) CCCs are part of German in-kind delivered by GSI 4 CCCs inside HEBT, 1 CCC inside CR CRYRING as testbed for CCC development Outlook: § CERN-GSI collaboration agreement to be signed soon § New partners inside future CCC collaboration (HIJ, IPHT, Supracon and others, mainly in/near Jena) § Definition of responsibilies, work packages etc. required § Proposal for BMBF-Project (Meeting on „Verbundforschung“ on 8. /9. September GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H

§ Additional Slides. . GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H

§ Additional Slides. . GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H

Standard Flange NW 200 GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H

Standard Flange NW 200 GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H

Standard Flange NW 150 GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H

Standard Flange NW 150 GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung Gmb. H