Greek Vase Painting Vase Shapes bell krater used

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Greek Vase Painting

Greek Vase Painting

Vase Shapes “bell” krater used for mixing hydra used for water amphora used for

Vase Shapes “bell” krater used for mixing hydra used for water amphora used for wine

Vase Shapes (cont. ) kylix used for drinking wine at a symposium lekythos used

Vase Shapes (cont. ) kylix used for drinking wine at a symposium lekythos used for oil Click here for more on Greek vase shapes.

1 • • Geometric Krater by the Dipylon Master from the Dipylon Cemetery, Athens,

1 • • Geometric Krater by the Dipylon Master from the Dipylon Cemetery, Athens, GR ca. 740 BCE 3’ 4 1/2” high The Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY Q 1. 1: Characterize the art of the Geometric period. Q 1. 2: What is the narrative on this krater? Q 1. 3: How is the human figure portrayed on the krater? Q 1. 4: What is ameander, and how is it used on this krater?

2 • • Françoise Vase (Attic black-figure volute krater) Kletias and Ergotimos from Chiusi,

2 • • Françoise Vase (Attic black-figure volute krater) Kletias and Ergotimos from Chiusi, Italy ca. 570 BCE approx. 2’ 2” high Museo Archeologica, Florence, IT This krater is known as the “Francois Vase“. Q 2. 1: What narrative, if any, is represented on the krater

3 Achilles and Ajax playing a dice game (detail from black-figure amphora) from Vulci,

3 Achilles and Ajax playing a dice game (detail from black-figure amphora) from Vulci, Italy Exekias ca. 540 - 530 BCE whole vessel approx. 2’ high Vatican Museums, Rome, IT • • • Q 3. 1: How does this painting reveal Ajax and Achilles as great warriors? How does it humanize them? Q 3. 2: What kinds of weapons and armor did these great Greek warriors have at their disposal? Q 3. 3: Examine Exekias' Achilles and Queen Penthesilia. How does the portrayal of Achilles differ in this painting?

4 • Signature of Exekias black on red Louvre, Paris, FR 4. 1: This

4 • Signature of Exekias black on red Louvre, Paris, FR 4. 1: This signature of Exeklias reads thus: “Exekias made me. ” (Note: The Greeks did not put spaces between their words, as we do in English. )

5 Achilles and Ajax playing a dice game (Attic bilingual amphora) from Orvietto, Italy

5 Achilles and Ajax playing a dice game (Attic bilingual amphora) from Orvietto, Italy Andokides Painter ca. 525 - 520 BCE black-figure side (left) red-figure side (right) approx. 1’ 9” high Museum of Fine Arts, Boston • • Definition: bilingual pottery Q 5. 1: What might account for the emergence of bilingual pottery? Q 5. 2: Why might an artist prefer the bilingual style? Q 5. 3: Eventually, the bilingual style becomes unfashionable. What might account for this?

6 Oedipus and the Sphinx Achilles Painter ca. 440 - 430 BCE red-figure amphora

6 Oedipus and the Sphinx Achilles Painter ca. 440 - 430 BCE red-figure amphora Staatliche Antikensammlugen, Munich, Germany • • Definitions: red-figure pottery Q 6. 1: The Achilles painter is considered to be one of the finest red-figure painters. What formal and content advancements does the red-figure style allow that the black-figure style doesn't?

Web Resources • Wikipedia's entry on Ancient Greek Pottery • The Beazley Archive: Classical

Web Resources • Wikipedia's entry on Ancient Greek Pottery • The Beazley Archive: Classical Art Research Centre [Note: Beazley is known as the first significant scholar of Greek pottery after Wincklemann. ] • The Metropolitan Museum of Art's web page on Athenian pottery – both black- and red-figure pottery is discussed.