- Slides: 66
Greek Mythology Gods and Goddess on Mount Olympus
The Gods of Early Man 1. Gods were created to give an explanation for unexplainable phenomena; 2. They were created to quell man’s fears; 3. Gods were either monsters or animals; 4. Gods later became half-animal and half-man.
Classical Greek Gods 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Gods had human appearance and characteristics; They embodied the Greek ideals of human physical and spiritual beauty; Gods often reflected man’s vanities and short comings; Gods were often humorous; Yet they could be fooled; Gods were important in every aspect of Greek life: home, architecture, drama, painting, sculpture, and war.
Myths 1. An anonymous story having roots in primitive folk beliefs of races or nations and presenting supernatural episodes as a means of interpreting natural events. 2. They attempt to explain creation, divinity, and religion. 3. They probe the meaning of existence. 4. They account for natural phenomena such as lightning (Zeus). 5. They chronicle the adventures or racial heroes (Odysseus).
Origin of the Greek Gods did not create the universe; it created them! CHAOS HEAVEN AND EARTH (Uranus) (Gaea) TITANS (Rhea & Chronus) OLYMPIAN GODS (The children of Rhea and Chronus)
First Things First • Parents • Uranus (Heaven) • Gaea (Mother Earth) • Children • Cronus (Saturn) & Rhea (Ops) • The Elder Gods (The Titans)
First Things First • Grandchildren (12 Olympians) • Zeus (Jupiter) • Poseidon (Neptune) • Hades (Pluto) • Hestia (Vesta) • Hera (Juno) • Ares (Mars) • Athena (Minerva) • Apollo (Apollo) • Aphrodite (Venus) • Hermes (Mercury) • Artemis (Diana) • Hephaestus (Vulcan)
Who’s Who on Mount Olympus?
Zeus (Jupiter) Realm • King of the gods • Ruler of mankind Symbol • Lightning Bolt Misc. • Hera’s husband
Poseidon (Neptune) Realm • God of sea, horses, and earthquakes Symbol • Trident -3 -pronged spear
Hades (Pluto) Realm • God of underworld Misc. • Never lived on Mt. Olympus • Stole Persephone to be his wife Symbol • Helmet (makes him invisible)
Hestia (Vesta) Realm Goddess of hearth & home • Symbol • Fireplace (hearth)
Hera (Juno) Realm • Queen of Gods and protector of married Women Misc. • Zeus’ wife • Jealous Symbol • Cow/Peacock
Realm • God of war Symbol • Vulture/dog Misc. • Not liked on Olympus Ares (Mars)
Athena (Minerva) Realm • Goddess of Wisdom, war, and weaving Misc. • Born from Zeus’ head Symbol • Olive tree
Apollo (Apollo) Realm • God of sun, music, poetry, & medicine Symbol • Golden lyre/chariot
Aphrodite (Venus) Realm • Goddess of Love & Beauty Misc. • Mother to Cupid • Born from sea foam Symbol • Dove/swan
Hermes (Mercury) Realm • Messenger god • God of commerce, • travelers, & thieves Symbol • Winged feet & helmet
Artemis (Diana) Facts • Goddess of the moon & the hunt Misc. • Eternal Maiden Symbol • The moon &the deer
Hephaestus (Vulcan) Realm • God of fire • Forger of armor Misc. • Ugly and lame Symbol • Blacksmith • Maker of weapons & armor
Why is Mythology Important to study? ? ?
Many Famous Sites, Paintings, and Sculptures Across the World
Famous Sites and Paintings Poseidon Various Temples to Poseidon
Dethroning of Saturn
Zeus & Hera Enthroned
Psyche & Cupid
Statue of Ares (Mars)
The Centaur • Half-man/Half-horse
Achilles and the Centaur
Minerva and The Centaur
Hercules and Telephus • Son of Zeus • Famous Greek Hero • Half-mortal/Half-God • Telephus (His son) • Wounded by Achilles’ but healed by the rust on spear
Arrival of Io in Egypt
The Birth of Venus
The Birth of Venus
The Birth of Venus
Venus de Milo
Cerberus at Notre Dame Cathedral
Charon, Ferryman of Hell
Crossing the River Styx
Hercules Dragging Cerberus from Hell
Echo and Narcissus
Death of Adonis
Pandora • Releasing plagues, sorrow, mischief, and Hope into the world!
Presentation of Pandora by Vulcan
Prometheus bound • Prometheus bound to rock by Force & Violence (Zeus’ servants) for loving man more than gods
A Satyr & Nymph
The Satyr Pan
The Moirai (The Three Fates) Three Fates with the thread of human life
The Death of Medusa
Perseus and Medusa
Temples to the gods • Temple of Olympian Zeus • Temple to Vesta in Rome, Italy • Temple of Apollo in Delphi, Greece
Allusions to Mythology in Literature Movies, Advertising, and Pop-Culture today!
Remember Fluffy? J. K. Rowling’s inspiration was Cerberus, the three headed dog who guards the gates of the underworld.
Centaurs from Harry Potter
Sinbad Sirens attack Sinbad’s Ship
Movies about The Iliad
Movies about The Odyssey
Television Homer’s Odyssey and other references
Modern Day Mythology
Companies • Nike- Shoes, The Goddess of Victory • Saturn –Automobiles, Zeus's Father • Olympus – Photography Technology, • • Mount Olympus Mars- Candy Bars, God of War FTD – Hermes Logo, Messenger God Amazon. com – Books, Race of Warrior Women Midas – Golden touch and Mufflers!