- Slides: 22
Greek Mythology Arani, Gabby, and Sara
Before We Start… • Please be polite and respectful • Electronics off • Give your attention • Follow along with note sheets, you’ll be turning them in • You can use these notes with assessment
Introduction: • Passion • Why Greek Mythology • Why important to me and you : 1. Still important to culture today 2. Can be life long • Always interesting, and more can be discovered • What you’ll learn
Mythology: Symbols of Human Experience Myths: • Nature/ function of divinities • Models of virtuous behavior • Explain Origins • Natural phenomena • Death
History of Greek Mythology • Developed from the religion of the people of Crete (Kríti, an Island in the Aegean Sea) about 3000 B. C. • Some of these beliefs survived as part of Classical Greek Mythology.
• 300 B. C. Euhemerus thought myths were distortions of history, and gods were just glorified heroes. • 400 B. C. Prodicus of Ceos • 400 B. C. Herodotus believed many taught that gods were Greek rituals were inherited from personifications of natural the Egyptians. phenomena (sun, moon, • 323 B. C. As Greek Civilization wind, water). developed, the mythology also changed. Greek beliefs were modified by other civilizations, but they still held on to the most important legends which make up Greek Mythology as we know it today.
Types of Greek Mythology: Epics Hesiod’s Theogony: • The creation of the Titans and the Gods. • Composed about 725 B. C. • An epic poem written by Hesiod Iliad and Odyssey: • Recorded about 775 B. C. • Written by Homer • Story occurs in 1250 B. C. late in the Bronze/Mycenaean Age • Located in what is now Turkey
Creation of the World:
Important Titans to Remember: • Cronus- Leader of Titans, overthrew Uranus, and was overthrown by his son, Zeus. • Rhea- Sister and wife of Cronus, mother of Zeus, Hades, Poseidon, Hera, Demeter, and Hestia. • Atlas- forced to carry the sky upon his shoulders.
The Greek Gods: • http: //www. history. com/vi deos/greekgods
Gods and the Planets:
Various recurring creatures / monsters • • • Automatons – Created by Hephaestus – Made from metal – Living beings – Example: bronze bulls; Talus Cerberus – Product of Typhon and Echidna – Guards entrance of the underworld – Three-headed giant dog Gorgons (Medusa and her sisters) – Three women cursed by Athena – Extremely ugly
Various recurring creatures / monsters contd. • • • Mares of Diomedes – Four man-eating horses – Tamed by Heracles as one of his 12 labors § Fed them their master Minotaur – Bull-headed man – Owned by the King of Crete – Kept in a labyrinth – Eventually killed by Theseus Pegasus – Winged stallion – Tamed by Bellerophon with Athena’s help – Stung by a gadfly – Used by Zeus to transport lightning bolts
Various recurring creatures / monsters contd. • • • Satyrs – Goat-bodied men – Musically inclined – Follow Dionysus around Sirens – Winged cannibalistic women – Use song to lure sailors to their deaths – Outwitted by Odysseus Sphinx – Lion-bodied human – Guards entrance to Thebes § Asks travelers to solve riddles
Influence of Greek Mythology on Culture
General Influence • • • Greek myths used to teach a lesson or remember and recognize Commonly used as a form of entertainment- considered sacred, meaningful, and true Entertainment today, but Greek myths have influenced many areas Ex: Language, astronomy, astrology, business, medicine, sexuality, botany, psychology, products, athletics, weather, and even the Bible Influenced, changed, and modified daily life
Psychology & Medicine Psychology: • “Oedipal Complex”- Man who is close to his mother, but feels anger towards father • Greek myth of Oedipus • Oedipus destined to kill father and marry mother, sent away, returns and committed act because he was destined to do so • “Electra Complex”- Girl who has positive feelings towards father, and anger towards mother • Electra planned revenge against mother because of divorce with birth father Medicine: • Achilles tendon- area of the body located just in front of the heel of the foot named after legendary hero Achilles
Language Influences • • Many of our words come from other languages, myths, and stories Chronology- the way events happened over the course of time Chronic- Something that takes place over a long period of time Both relate to Chronos, god of time Narcissism- Narcissus, proud of looks, punished to look at reflection of self in water Morphine- drug that puts you in a dream-like state, relates to Morpheus, god of dreams Echo- gorgeous voice, distracted Hera while Zeus snuck away with other mountain nymphs Voice is taken away except to repeat other’ voices, left to haunt the earth after death
Modern Examples • • Everywhere in the modern world Found in names of modern companies Eos- Goddess of the Dawn: Eos lip balm and Volkswagen Eos Mars- Roman name for Ares, god of war: Popular candy bar Midas- King with the golden touch, who transformed all he touched to gold: A famous muffler and brake shop chain Nike- Winged goddess of Victory, who can run and fly at great speeds: Shoes, clothes, etc. Pandora- The first woman in Greek mythology: Free internet radio
Careers and Schooling: Top Schools: • Southern New Hampshire University • Ashford University • Grand Canyon University • Arizona State University Careers • Bachelors: Journalist, Museum technician, Marketing associate. • Masters: Research, fine arts, communication, museum curator, archivist. • PHD: Professor Median salary = $64, 680/year. • Others: author, artist, tourist guide, teacher, historian, archeology, anthropology. Salaries vary.
Thanks for being such a great class • Hope you learned something new! • Use the rest of class to work on the assessment. • Notes and assessment will be due at the beginning of the period on Monday.