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Greek & Latin Morphemes for Quiz 2 DIA DON/DOW GLU/GLO HELIO HEMA, /HEMO
across, dia through, (Greek) thoroughly ◦ ACT Focus Word: diaphanous (adj. ) ◦ very sheer and light; almost completely transparent or translucent (seethrough) ◦ Context: “Carr survives through the intervention of a diaphanous figure that he initially believes to be a ghost. ” —The Spell Sword ◦ diameter (n. ) ◦ a straight line passing across a figure ◦ dialogue (n. ) ◦ conversation (“speak across”) ◦ Other words: dialect, diagonal, diagnosis,
don, dow (Latin) give ACT Focus Word: condone (v. ) ◦ Definition: to give approval to ◦ Context: Few parents condone their children drinking under age. pardon (v. ) ◦ give forgiveness endow (v. ) ◦ give an income or property to dowager (v. ) ◦ a widow with a title or property derived from her late husband Other examples: donate, donor,
glu, glo: lump, bond, (Latin) glue ACT Focus Word: conglomerate (n. ) ◦ anything composed of heterogeneous materials or elements (often applied to a corporation with subsidiary companies) agglutinate (v. ) ◦ to unite or cause to adhere, as with glue Other words: glue, gluten, glucose
helio (Greek) sun ACT Focus Word: heliograph (n. ) ◦ a device for transmitting messages by reflecting sunlight ◦ The captain of the ship used the heliographic light to signal the people in the sailboat. Helios (n. ) ◦ ancient Greek god of the sun ◦ Helios’s Roman counterpart is Sol, the god of the sun, who drove his chariot daily across the sky. heliophobia (n. ) ◦ an irrational fear of sunlight ◦ From my pallor, a person might believe I suffer from heliophobia.
hema, hemo (Greek): blood ACT Focus Word: hematoma (n. ) ◦ localized swelling in tissue, filled with blood caused by a break in a blood vessel. ◦ Context: Investigators state in their report that the victim suffered a brain bruise called a subdural hematoma when his head struck the ground. hemophilia (n. ) ◦ disorder in which excessive bleeding occurs owing to the absence or abnormality of a clotting factor in the blood hemoglobin (n. ) ◦ oxygen-carrying pigment of red blood cells that gives them their red color