- Slides: 13
Greece – Athens 5 -5
Athens n God(des) who protected the citystate… n n Athena Typical polis built on a hill. n n Had poor soil which encouraged trade. Located near the coast
Daily Life n n n Most people lived in simple clay brick houses. They believed that buildings should be for the good of the people, not one person. Girls married at 13 or 14 to men twice their age. Women had few rights. When boys turned seven they came under the control of a pedagogue, a slave who taught them manners and went everywhere with them.
Education n Most Greek boys went to elementary school where they learned poetry (Iliad, Odyssey) reading, writing, music and gymnastics. n They stressed a healthy body and a sound mind.
Education n Schools were later opened for older boys by the Sophists. n n Soph – Wise At the age of 18 boys went for a year or two of military training. If they had money they became Hoplites with armor, poor people were on the flanks and had no armor.
Citizenship n Athens had three social groups. n n n Citizens – All people born of other Citizens, rich or poor. Metics – Free people who paid taxes, but were born outside of Athens Slaves – Usually taken from battle, had to obey their masters.
Government n Their government went through several transitions. n Monarchy to n Aristocracy to n Tyranny to n The worlds first Democracy
Democracy n Direct Democracy – Every person has a say in the government. n n This is the type of democracy that Athens had Representative Democracy – The people choose a representative to represent them in government. n This is the type of democracy the United States has.
Parthenon n It is/was a temple to the Greek goddess Athena. n Built on top of Athens’ acropolis.