Grammar video Video examples taken from Youtube Grammar

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Grammar video

Grammar video

Video examples taken from Youtube

Video examples taken from Youtube

Grammar: The Basics

Grammar: The Basics

Sentences Construction Objective l Understand the difference between SVO / SOV l Use the

Sentences Construction Objective l Understand the difference between SVO / SOV l Use the rule effectively for Sentence construction

Sentence Structure l Subject +Verb+Object I + eat + food l Subject +Object +Verb

Sentence Structure l Subject +Verb+Object I + eat + food l Subject +Object +Verb I + food + eat

Gamer Grammar Objective l Identify the commonly made mistakes while speaking in English l

Gamer Grammar Objective l Identify the commonly made mistakes while speaking in English l To increase fluency in English

Building Blocks tion c e j r e Int tion c n u j

Building Blocks tion c e j r e Int tion c n u j Con tion i s o p Pre un Prono Noun of Parts ch Spee rb Adve Verb tive c e j d A

Parts Of Speech Noun l Noun: is a word used as the name, animal,

Parts Of Speech Noun l Noun: is a word used as the name, animal, place, or thing. l Person: man, woman, teacher, John, Mary Place: home, office, town, countryside Animal: dog, cat, horse, monkey Thing: book, pen, room, tree l l l

Parts Of Speech Noun Types Of Nouns l l l Common Noun Proper Noun

Parts Of Speech Noun Types Of Nouns l l l Common Noun Proper Noun Collective Noun Abstract Noun Countable / Uncountable Nouns

Parts Of Speech Noun l Common Noun Is a name given in common to

Parts Of Speech Noun l Common Noun Is a name given in common to every person or thing of the same class or kind. E. g. l City, man, boat, and radio

Parts Of Speech Noun l Proper Noun Name of a specific person, place or

Parts Of Speech Noun l Proper Noun Name of a specific person, place or thing. E. g. Eiffel Tower, India, Mr. Will Smith, Nokia

Parts Of Speech Noun l Collective Noun Name of a number ( or collection)

Parts Of Speech Noun l Collective Noun Name of a number ( or collection) of persons or things taken together and spoken of as a whole. E. g. l A Crowd -a collection of people l An Army - collection of soldiers

Parts Of Speech Noun l Abstract Noun Is usually the name of a quality,

Parts Of Speech Noun l Abstract Noun Is usually the name of a quality, action, or state. E. g. l Quality - kindness, darkness, honesty l Action - laughter, theft l State - sleep, sickness

Parts Of Speech Noun l Countable Noun (or countables) are the names of objects,

Parts Of Speech Noun l Countable Noun (or countables) are the names of objects, people, etc. that we can count. E. g. book, pen, apple, boy l Uncountable noun (or uncountables) are the names of things which cannot count. E. g. milk, sugar, gold, oil

Parts Of Speech Noun l l Lisa works as a programmer at Microsoft. Let's

Parts Of Speech Noun l l Lisa works as a programmer at Microsoft. Let's have lunch at Mc. Donalds. Mc Donalds

Parts Of Speech Noun l The sun sheds it’s beams on rich and poor

Parts Of Speech Noun l The sun sheds it’s beams on rich and poor alike. l Edward was a great king. l The rose smells sweet. l A flock of sheep is passing by. l George was a brave soldier.

Parts Of Speech Pronoun l Pronoun: is a word used instead of a noun.

Parts Of Speech Pronoun l Pronoun: is a word used instead of a noun. E. g. l Tim is absent, because he is ill. l This book is mine. l It is doubtful whether he will come for the party. l Bob is a kind boy. He has lent his bicycle to Alice.

Parts Of Speech Pronoun E. g. l Do you think Mary is pretty? I

Parts Of Speech Pronoun E. g. l Do you think Mary is pretty? I think Mary is beautiful. With pronouns, we can say: l Do you think Mary is pretty? I think she is beautiful.

Parts Of Speech Pronoun l Personal Pronoun: I, we, you, he, (she, it), are

Parts Of Speech Pronoun l Personal Pronoun: I, we, you, he, (she, it), are called Personal Pronouns because they stand for three persons. E. g. l The person speaking –This is my book l The person spoken to – Those are your books l The person spoken of- That is her book

Parts Of Speech Pronoun Anybody Each l Indefinite Pronoun l Refers to noun that

Parts Of Speech Pronoun Anybody Each l Indefinite Pronoun l Refers to noun that are indefinite. E. g. l One evening a beggar came to my door. l Somebody stole the mangoes. Either None Someone One Few

Parts Of Speech Pronoun l Relative Pronoun- such as that, who, This, That which,

Parts Of Speech Pronoun l Relative Pronoun- such as that, who, This, That which, whose and whom which give extra These, Those information about the subject. E. g. Who, Whom l The woman who interviewed me was very Whose, Which friendly. l I can't stand dogs that bark loudly. What

Parts Of Speech Pronoun Myself l Reflexive Pronoun l Pronouns combined with –self or

Parts Of Speech Pronoun Myself l Reflexive Pronoun l Pronouns combined with –self or –selves to emphasize the subject of the verb. E. g. I hurt myself. Yourself Himself Ourselves Themselves

Parts Of Speech Pronoun Person and Number Subjective Possessive Subjective First Person Singular I

Parts Of Speech Pronoun Person and Number Subjective Possessive Subjective First Person Singular I Mine Me First Person Plural We Ours Us Second Person Singular Yours You Second Person Plural Yours You Third Person Singular Third Person Plural He / she / it His / hers / its Him / her / it They Theirs They

Parts Of Speech Adjectives Adjective Patterns: l Adjectives can come before noun: a new

Parts Of Speech Adjectives Adjective Patterns: l Adjectives can come before noun: a new car l Adjectives can come after verbs: such as be, become, seem, look, etc. : that car looks fast l They can be modified by adverbs: a very expensive car

Parts Of Speech Verb: is a word that tells something about a person or

Parts Of Speech Verb: is a word that tells something about a person or thing. E. g. l The sun shines brightly. l Harry laughs.

Parts Of Speech Verb Types of Verbs l Auxiliary Verbs l Regular Verbs l

Parts Of Speech Verb Types of Verbs l Auxiliary Verbs l Regular Verbs l Irregular Verbs l Modal Verbs

Parts Of Speech Verb l Auxiliary Verb: ‘To Do’, ‘Be’ and ‘Have’ are the

Parts Of Speech Verb l Auxiliary Verb: ‘To Do’, ‘Be’ and ‘Have’ are the English auxiliary verbs / helping verbs used in a negative structure, a question or to show tenses. l Modal Verb: Modal verbs are used to express ideas such as possibility, intention, obligation and necessity. E. g. Can, Could, May, Might, Will, Would, Shall, Should

Parts Of Speech Verb l Regular Verb: A regular verb is one that follows

Parts Of Speech Verb l Regular Verb: A regular verb is one that follows the pattern of taking -ed for the past simple and past participles. E. g. walk / walked l Irregular Verb: An irregular verb is one that does not take the -ed ending for the Past Simple and Past Simple forms. Some verbs do not change.

Parts Of Speech Verb Types of Verbs l Irregular Verbs Base Form Past Tense

Parts Of Speech Verb Types of Verbs l Irregular Verbs Base Form Past Tense Past Participle Shut Read Sit Build Sat Built Know See Knew Saw Known Seen

Parts Of Speech Verb Characteristics of Verbs l Verbs usually come after the subject

Parts Of Speech Verb Characteristics of Verbs l Verbs usually come after the subject of the sentence. E. g. l Chris paints well. Verbs must agree in person (first, second, etc. ) and number (singular and plural) with the subject of the sentence. E. g. She sings sweetly. They sing sweetly.

Parts Of Speech Adverb l Adverb - An adverb is a word that tells

Parts Of Speech Adverb l Adverb - An adverb is a word that tells us more about a verb. An adverb "qualifies" or "modifies" a verb. But adverbs can also modify adjectives, or even other adverbs. E. g. l The man ran quickly. l Tara is really beautiful. l The Cell phone works very well.

Parts Of Speech Adverb Characteristics of Adverb 1. Function The main job of an

Parts Of Speech Adverb Characteristics of Adverb 1. Function The main job of an adverb is to modify (give more information about) verbs, adjectives and other adverbs. Modify a verb: - John speaks loudly. (How does John speak? ) - Mary lives locally. (Where does Mary live? ) - She never smokes. (When does she smoke? ) (In the following examples, the adverb is in red and the word that it modifies is in purple. )

Parts Of Speech Adverb 2. Form l Many adverbs end in -ly. E. g.

Parts Of Speech Adverb 2. Form l Many adverbs end in -ly. E. g. quickly, softly, strongly, honestly, interestingly. l But not all words that end in -ly are adverbs. E. g. "Friendly", is an adjective. l Some adverbs have no particular form. E. g. well, fast, very, never, always, often, still

Parts Of Speech Adverb 3. Position Adverbs have three main positions in the sentence:

Parts Of Speech Adverb 3. Position Adverbs have three main positions in the sentence: l Front (before the subject): - Now we will study adverbs. l Middle (between the subject and the main verb): - We often study adverbs. l End (after the verb or object): - We study adverbs carefully.

Parts Of Speech Prepositions l Prepositions: are words that we can use to indicate

Parts Of Speech Prepositions l Prepositions: are words that we can use to indicate time, place and space. PREPOSITIONS Period/Point of Time During Throughout At Position In, Under, Over, Beside, Between, Opposite, Among, Between Direction Towards Past Around

Parts Of Speech Prepositions Commonly used Prepositions Aboard About Above Across After Against Along

Parts Of Speech Prepositions Commonly used Prepositions Aboard About Above Across After Against Along Among Around At Before Behind Below Beneath Beside Between Beyond By Down During Except For From Into Like Of On Over Since To Within In Up Over Off Towards Under Until Upon With

Parts Of Speech Prepositions l We went to school on Monday. l My plane

Parts Of Speech Prepositions l We went to school on Monday. l My plane stopped at Jersey and arrived in Dublin two hours late.

Parts Of Speech Conjunctions l Coordinating Conjunctions are used to join two parts of

Parts Of Speech Conjunctions l Coordinating Conjunctions are used to join two parts of a sentence that are grammatically equal. The two parts may be single words or clauses. E. g. l l F – For A – And N – Nor B – But O – Or Jack and Jill went up the hill. The water was warm but I didn't go swimming. Y – Yet S - So

Parts Of Speech Conjunctions l Subordinating conjunctions A word or words used to Since,

Parts Of Speech Conjunctions l Subordinating conjunctions A word or words used to Since, Because, If, After, Until, connect unequal parts of a sentence. Although, Before, E. g. As Though, I went swimming, although it was cold. When, Unless As

Parts Of Speech Conjunctions l Correlative Conjunctions – A pair of conjunctions used to

Parts Of Speech Conjunctions l Correlative Conjunctions – A pair of conjunctions used to show a comparison. (They are also known as paired conjunctions) E. g. Not only is she rich, but also intelligent. Both-and Either-or Neither-nor Since-therefore If-then Not only-but also

Alas Parts Of Speech ! Interjection l Interjection: is a big name for a

Alas Parts Of Speech ! Interjection l Interjection: is a big name for a little word. Interjections are short exclamations like Hello!, Bravo!, Alas! or Ah! They have no real grammatical value but we use them quite often, usually more in speaking than in writing. When interjections are inserted into a sentence, they have no grammatical connection to the sentence. An interjection is followed by an exclamation mark (!) when written.

Hi ! Parts Of Speech What's new? Interjection E. g. l "Hey ! look

Hi ! Parts Of Speech What's new? Interjection E. g. l "Hey ! look at that!" (calling attention ) l "Hi ! What's new? " (expressing greeting ) l "Well ! what did he say? " (introducing a remark ) Well ! what did he say?

Subjects and Verbs Objective l Identify the correct usage of Subject and Verb in

Subjects and Verbs Objective l Identify the correct usage of Subject and Verb in a sentence l Identify the correct usage of Subjects and Verbs while speaking in English

Subjects and Verbs Verb: The part of speech that expresses action, or state of

Subjects and Verbs Verb: The part of speech that expresses action, or state of being. Subject: The part which names the person or thing we are speaking about in a sentence.

Subjects and Verbs Subject and Verb Agreement The Verb agrees with the Subject in

Subjects and Verbs Subject and Verb Agreement The Verb agrees with the Subject in Number and Person E. g. Sam and Harry are friends.

Subjects and Verbs Harry l Harry Potter is an interesting book. l Every boy

Subjects and Verbs Harry l Harry Potter is an interesting book. l Every boy and girl is ready to run for the marathon. Potter

Articles Objective l Identify the mechanisms to use articles appropriately.

Articles Objective l Identify the mechanisms to use articles appropriately.

Articles l Articles: are Determiners. l Types Of Articles Indefinite – A / AN

Articles l Articles: are Determiners. l Types Of Articles Indefinite – A / AN Definite – THE

Articles l Indefinite Article (A) l A dog is a faithful animal. l A

Articles l Indefinite Article (A) l A dog is a faithful animal. l A man is known by the company he keeps

Articles l Indefinite Article (AN) l An Apple l An Honest Man

Articles l Indefinite Article (AN) l An Apple l An Honest Man

Articles l Definite Article ( THE) l Lets go to the Golf Club. l

Articles l Definite Article ( THE) l Lets go to the Golf Club. l The Solar System.

Articles Lets have fun Identify articles in the songs (Clips to be added)

Articles Lets have fun Identify articles in the songs (Clips to be added)

Tenses Objective l Identify the correct usage of Tense in a sentence l Identify

Tenses Objective l Identify the correct usage of Tense in a sentence l Identify the correct usage of Tense while speaking in English

Tenses l The Tense of a verb shows the time of action or event.

Tenses l The Tense of a verb shows the time of action or event. l Verb tenses are tools that English speakers use to express time in language.

Tenses l There are three main Tenses: l Present Tense: a verb that refers

Tenses l There are three main Tenses: l Present Tense: a verb that refers to the present time. E. g. I write a letter. l Past Tense: a verb that refers to the past time. E. g. I wrote a letter. l Future Tense: a verb that refers to the future time. E. g. I will write a letter.

Tenses Simple Present I study English everyday. Present Continuous IS / AM / ARE

Tenses Simple Present I study English everyday. Present Continuous IS / AM / ARE + verb in ING I am studying English now. Simple Past Simple Future Two years ago, I studied English in England. I will be studying English next year. Past Continuous Future Continuous WAS / WERE + verb in ING I was studying English when you called yesterday. SHALL / WILL + BE + verb in ING I will be studying English when you arrive tonight. Present Perfect Past Perfect Future Perfect HAS / HAVE + P. P HAD + P. P. SHALL / WILL + BE + verb in ING I have studied English in several different countries. I had studied a little English before I moved to the U. S. Present Perfect Continuous Past Perfect Continuous HAS / HAVE + BEEN + verb in ING I have been studying English for five years. HAD + BEEN + verb in ING I had been studying English for five years before I moved to the U. S. I will be studying English when you arrive tonight. Future Perfect Continuous SHALL / WILL + HAS / HAVE + BEEN + verb in ING I will have been studying English for over two hours by the time you arrive.

Tenses l Fun Time Group A write a story in the Present Group B

Tenses l Fun Time Group A write a story in the Present Group B write a story in the Past Group C write a story in the Future

Question Tags Objective l To aid formulating appropriate questions. l To learn to convert

Question Tags Objective l To aid formulating appropriate questions. l To learn to convert ideas or sentences into questions.

Question Tags l Question tags are a grammatical structure in which a statement or

Question Tags l Question tags are a grammatical structure in which a statement or idea is turned into a question by adding an interrogative fragment ( tag ). l Their pattern is ‘auxiliary + n’t + subject’, if the statement is ‘positive’ and ‘auxiliary + subject’, if the statement is ‘negative’.

Question Tags E. g. Positive Sentence l He has left already, hasn’t he? l

Question Tags E. g. Positive Sentence l He has left already, hasn’t he? l Andrew came to school yesterday, didn’t he? Negative Sentence l He doesn’t like tea, does he? l John can’t speak English fluently, can he?

Direct And Indirect Speech Objective l To understand the two ways of relating and

Direct And Indirect Speech Objective l To understand the two ways of relating and quoting what someone has said.

Direct And Indirect Speech l In Direct Speech the original speaker’s exact words are

Direct And Indirect Speech l In Direct Speech the original speaker’s exact words are given and indicated by quotation marks (“ ”) l E. g. “I don’t know what to do, ” said Dean. l In Indirect Speech the exact meaning of the speaker’s words are given, but the exact words are not directly quoted. l E. g. Dean said that he didn’t know what to do.

Direct And Indirect Speech Some pointers to convert Direct Speech into Indirect Speech and

Direct And Indirect Speech Some pointers to convert Direct Speech into Indirect Speech and vice – versa. l If the main verb is in the past tense, the present tense verbs in that sentence must be changed to past tense. l First and second person pronouns must be changed to third person pronouns.

Direct And Indirect Speech

Direct And Indirect Speech

Next week characteristics and structure of a good story creating a short story in

Next week characteristics and structure of a good story creating a short story in class

Reading and assignment for next Monday Log on to www. itbcreatives. wordpress. com

Reading and assignment for next Monday Log on to www. itbcreatives. wordpress. com

Conclusion 1. List three things you learnt today 2. What do you now understand

Conclusion 1. List three things you learnt today 2. What do you now understand about grammar? 3. In one sentence write down what you did not understand

Thank You

Thank You